Lighthouses of South Korea: Boryeong (Daecheon) Area

For most of its history, Korea was an independent kingdom, or at least an autonomous kingdom under Chinese influence. This came to an end in 1910, when Japan annexed all of Korea. At the end of World War II in 1945, the 38° parallel was established as the dividing line between U.S. and Soviet zones of occupation, and in 1948 separate civil administrations were established in the two halves of the country. The Korean War (1950-53) ended in a draw, with the armistice line falling close to the prewar 38° line. The Republic of Korea (ROK), commonly called South Korea, occupies the Korean peninsula south of the armistice line.

This page covers lighthouses of southern Chungcheongnam (Chungnam) province on South Korea's west coast, including Seocheon County and the metropolitan city of Boryeong (Daecheon). This coast faces west on the Yellow Sea. By Korean standards it is a relatively low coast, with a number of islands offshore. There are no major ports in the region, although Daecheon is a traditional fishing port.

Special thanks to Michel Forand for sharing his research on the lighthouses of Korea.

Following several recent government reorganizations, navigational aids in the ROK are now regulated by the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (MOMAF). In the Boryeong area, the lights are maintained by the Gunsan Regional Maritime Affairs and Port Administration. In Korean, the word for a lighthouse is donghae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor .

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA

General Sources
KAAN Major Lighthouse Information - Chungnam
KAAN is the Korean Association of Aids to Navigation. Photos and data in Korean for three major lighthouses of Chungnam.
Lighthouse Photos
Photos posted by the Gunsan Maritime Affairs and Port Administration.

Biin Hang Light
Biin Hang West Breakwater Light, March 2009
Panoramio photo copyright KOMV; permission requested

Seocheon County Lighthouses

Janghang District Lighthouse
Jeonmangsan (Chonmang San)
2002. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 4 s. 13 m (43 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower mounted on a round concrete pier. Entire lighthouse is green. A photo is at right, and Bing has a satellite view. Located just off the Janghang waterfront on the north side of Gunsan harbor. Accessible only by boat, but there must be good views from shore. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4199; NGA 17792.

Seo District Lighthouses
* Biin Hang North Breakwater
2011. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two yellow flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted yellow. Several photos are available, the lighthouse is in the background of a photo also showing the west breakwater light and in the right of second photo of those two lights, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the new north breakwater at Biin, a small port at the end of a sand spit just north of the mouth of the Geum River. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4187.61.
Biin Hang West Breakwater
2007. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower, painted red. A photo is above, there's a collection of photos of the east and west breakwater lights, a 2011 photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the detached west breakwater at Biin. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4187.52.
Jeonmangsan Light
Jeonmangsan Light, Janghang
Gunsan Maritime Affairs and Port Administration photo
* Biin Hang East Breakwater
2007. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower, painted white. There's a collection of photos of the east and west breakwater lights, Jae-Man Shim has a view of the breakwater, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the east (really south) breakwater at Biin. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4187.53.
Biin Hang Detached Breakwater North End
2011. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. The lighthouse is on the left in a photo and a similar photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located the north end of a short detached breakwater protecting the south entrance to the harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4187.63.
Biin Hang Detached Breakwater South End
2011. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. The lighthouse is on the right in a photo and a similar photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located the south end of a short detached breakwater protecting the south entrance to the harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4187.65.
Gwangam
2002. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 5 s. 15 m round cylindrical concrete tower centered on a round concrete pier. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo and a second photo are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry about 1 km (0.6 mi) northwest of Hongwon harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.9; NGA 17803.
* Hongwon Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, painted red. A closeup, a second closeup, and a distant view are available, and Google has a satellite view. NGA misspells the name of this light as Hangwon. Located at the end of the west (main) breakwater at Hongwon, a small port 4 km (2.5 mi) north of Biin. Probably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.31; NGA 17825.7.
* Hongwon Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two green flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, painted white. A closeup and a second closeup (2/3 the way down the page) are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the original end of the east breakwater at Hongwon. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.3; NGA 17825.5.
* Hongwon Marina
2010. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); red flash every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) semielliptical concrete tower, the lower portion surrounded by an observation deck accessed by three sweeping stairways. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo is at right, a closeup and several additional photos (1/3-1/2 the way down the page) are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a new breakwater attached to the former end of the Hongwon East Breakwater. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.32.
Hongwon Marina Light
Hongwon Marina Light, August 2011
Panoramio photo copyright kwangsik; used by permission

Boryeong City Lighthouses

Ungcheo Township Lighthouses
* Muchangpo Hang South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, painted red. A photo is at right, a second photo and a closeup are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Muchangpo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4187.3; NGA 17826.
* Muchangpo Hang North (Outer) Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower. Several photos are available, and Google has a satellite view. The Admiralty lists the tower as green, but it appears white in the satellite view and white is standard for similar locations. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Muchangpo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4187.35.
Muchangpo Hang
2005. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse painted black with a yellow horizontal band at the base. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 500 m (0.3 mi) west of the Muchangpo harbor entrance. Accessible only by boat but easily seen from the harbor. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4187.4; NGA 17825.9.

Daecheon Harbor Lighthouses
Note: The metropolitan city of Boryeong was formed by merging the former city of Daecheon with the surrounding Boryeong County. Although the name chosen for the expanded city is Boryeong, it is often called Daecheon.
Sonyeam (Sonyeoam, Soyeo Am)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red flash every 4 s. 17 m (56 ft) round concrete tower, painted red. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 5 km (3 mi) west southwest of Daecheon harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4187; NGA 17832.
* Daecheon (Taech'on) Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); red flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower, painted red. Photos (first and second photos on the page), a closeup (last photo on the page), and a distant view are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater of Daecheon. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4186.3.
Muchangpo Hang South Breakwater Light
Muchangpo Hang South Breakwater Light, October 2010
photo copyright 아현; permission requested
Daecheon (Taech'on) Hang North Breakwater West Head
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) hexagonal concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo (2/3 the way down the page), a second photo (last photo on the page), and a third photo (third from last photo on the page) are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the west end of a detached breakwater at Daecheon. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4186.2; NGA 17838.
Daecheon (Taech'on) Hang North Breakwater East Head (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) square metal tower. Entire lighthouse is red. The light i seen in the background of a photo (third from last photo on the page) of the west head light, and Bing has a satellite view. NGA lists a round tower at this location. Located at the east end of a detached breakwater at Daecheon. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4186; NGA 17836.

Ohcheon District: Wonsando Lighthouses
Note: The Ohcheon District includes several groups of islands in the Yellow Sea west and southwest of Daecheon.
* Wonsando Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo (1/4 the way down the page) is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the north breakwater of Wonsando harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4185.11.

Ohcheon District: Sapsido Area Lighthouses
Sapsido North
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 5 s. 19 m (59 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Several photos and another photo are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a shoal in the passage between Sapsido and Wonsando. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4185.6; NGA 17827.7.
* Godaedo Hang Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo and a more distant view are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a long breakwater at the northern end of Sapsido. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4185.08.
Napjakdo (Bapjakdo) North
2005. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a rocky reef about 2 km (1.25 mi) east of Sapsido. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4185.8; NGA 17827.8.
Yongdo North
2012. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 5 s. 18 m (59 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, and the tower is too new to appear in Bing's satellite view. Located on a shoal about 5 km (3 mi) south southeast of Sapsido. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.67.

Ohcheon District: Janggodo Lighthouses
* Janggodo Hang Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); green flash every 4 s. 6 m (20 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. A distant view is available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the main breakwater of the harbor of Janggodo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4185.1.

Ohcheon District: Nokdo and Daehwasado Area Lighthouses
Nokdo Approach
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse painted black with one red horizontal band. A photo (1/4 the way down the page) is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located off the northern tip of Nokdo, an island halfway between Daecheon and Oryeongdo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.73.
Chudo South
2005. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); green flash every 4 s. 17 m (56 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse painted green. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view and Naver has a good satellite view. Located off the southeast coast of a small island about 3 km (2 mi) northeast of Nokdo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.74; NGA 17829.
Hahongseo
2001. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 16 m (52 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, and the location is only a faint blur in Google's satellite view. Located on a rocky reef about 7 km (4.5 mi) east of Nokdo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.625.
* Nokdo North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo is at right, a more distant view of both Nokdo breakwater lights is available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the north breakwater of Nokdo harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. NGA 17828.
* Nokdo South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); green flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo is at right, a more distant view of both Nokdo breakwater lights is available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the south breakwater of Nokdo harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.7.
Sanghongseo
2008. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 22 m (72 ft) concrete tower, painted black with a red horizontal band. Several photos and another photo are available. Located on a reef about 8 km (5 mi) northeast of Taehwasado. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.63; NGA 17831.
Daehwasado (Taehwasado)
2006. Active; focal plane 101 m (331 ft); white flash every 10 s. 11 m (36 ft) square concrete tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Taehwasado is the southernmost island of the Nokdo group, about 3 km (2 mi) southeast of Nokdo. Located at the highest point of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4189.8; NGA 17830.
Nokdo Breakwater Lights
Nokdo North (left) and South Breakwater Lights, October 2012
Daum.net Creative Commons photo by 금모래은
Daegilsando
2003. Active; focal plane 118 m (387 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view, but the light is seen in Naver's satellite view. Located atop an island about 15 km (9 mi) northeast of the Oeyeondo group and at the western end of the Nokdo group. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4189.75.
Otakseo North
2008. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 21 m (69 ft) concrete tower, painted black with a red horizontal band. No photo available. Located on a reef about 16 km (10 mi) northwest of Nokdo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.735; NGA 17831.5.

Ohcheon District: Oeyeondo Lighthouses
Note: Oeyeondo is a group of small islands about 30 km (19 mi) to the west of Daecheon. Popular as an adventure resort, the islands have been declared a natural monument.
Bulando (Pulando)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 61 m (200 ft); white flash every 6 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Google's distant satellite view of the island, but Naver has a distant satellite view. Located on an island off the southeastern end of Oeyeondo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4189.6; NGA 17825.
Oebeomhyeonseo
2007. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 14 m (46 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse painted black with one red horizontal band. A photo is available (3/4 the way down the page), Bing has a satellite view, and Naver has a satellite view. Located about 600 m (0.4 mi) southeast of the southern point of Oeyeondo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.58.
* Oeyeondo East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower, painted red. A photo and a second photo are available, both showing both lighthouses and both being the second photo on the page; Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Naver has a better satellite view of the two breakwater lights. Oeyeondo is the largest of a group of small islands about 50 km (30 mi) west of Boryeong. Located at the end of the east breakwater of Oeyeondo. Probably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.5; NGA 17820.
* Oeyeondo West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two green flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower, painted white. A photo is at right, another photo and a third photo are available, both showing both lighthouses and both being the second photo on the page; Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Naver has a better satellite view of the two breakwater lights. Located at the end of the west (main) breakwater of Oeyeondo. Probably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.55; NGA 17821.
Chomangseo
2011. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 18 m (59 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 3 km (1.8 mi) south of Oeyando. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4189.59.
Oeyeondo West Breakwater Lighthouse
Oeyeondo West Breakwater Light, October 2011
Daum.net Creative Commons photo by Rosemary

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Taean | South: Gunsan

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Posted February 4, 2008. Checked and revised July 30, 2014. Lighthouses: 37. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.