Lighthouses of South Korea: Mokpo Area

For most of its history, Korea was an independent kingdom, or at least an autonomous kingdom under Chinese influence. This came to an end in 1910, when Japan annexed all of Korea. At the end of World War II in 1945, the 38° parallel was established as the dividing line between U.S. and Soviet zones of occupation, and in 1948 separate civil administrations were established in the two halves of the country. The Korean War (1950-53) ended in a draw, with the armistice line falling close to the prewar 38° line. The Republic of Korea (ROK), commonly called South Korea, occupies the Korean peninsula south of the armistice line.

This page covers lighthouses of the Mokpo area in Jeollanam Province, located on South Korea's southwest coast in the region formerly known as Jeolla or Cholla. This area includes the northern portion of Haenam County, Mokpo City, and Yeonggwang County north of Mokpo.

Following several recent government reorganizations, navigational aids in the ROK are now regulated by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (MOF). Lighthouses in Sinan are maintained by the Mokpo Regional Maritime Affairs and Port Authority.

In Korean, the word for a lighthouse is deungdae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Port of Mokpo - Lighthouses
Photos and information in English for the major lighthouses of the area.
Mokpo Beacon Photos
Photos posted by the Mokpo MOF office.
Kiso's Lighthouses
Photos by a Japanese lighthouse fan; Korean lighthouses are at #10.
KAAN Major National Lighthouses
KAAN is the Korean Association of Aids to Navigation. Small photos and basic data, all in Korean.
Lighthouses in South Korea
Photos available from Wikimedia.

2003 Hwaweon Bando Light
2003 Mokpogu Light, Hwawon, February 2012
Jeollanam Province News Bureau photo

Northern Haenam County Lighthouses

Note: Lighthouses of southern Haenam County are included on the Wando and Jindo page.
Hwawon District Lighthouses
Sihado
1907. Active; focal plane 39 m (128 ft); white flash every 12 s. 7.5 m (25 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 1-story concrete keeper's house. Lighthouse painted white. Fog horn (one blast every 35 s). Several additional station buildings. KAAN has a small photo (2/3 the way down the page), Kiso has a photo (2/3 the way down the page, F4220), several excellent photos are available (section 4.1, 1/3 the way down the page), and Google has a satellite view of the station. Sibling of the 1908 Mokpogu Light seen at right. Located on a small island on the southern approach to Mokpo, about 16 km (10 mi) southwest of the city. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4220; NGA 17616.
Bulmugido (Pulmugi-do)
Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) tapered square white concrete skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. A distant view (last photo on the page) is available, and Google has a satellite view. This light has the same design as the Galdu Hang Light in southern Haenam (see the Jindo page). Located on an island about 13 km (8 mi) west of Mokpo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4216.9; NGA 17621.
* Mokpogu (Hwawon Bando) (1)
1908. Inactive since 2003. 7 m (23 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, rising from one end of a 1-story concrete keeper's house. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo is at right, a 2016 closeup is available, Kiso has a photo (first lighthouse on the page), and the lighthouse can be seen to the right of the new lighthouse in a Google satellite view. The fog siren at the old lighthouse remains active (one 5 s blast every 30 s). Located at the northern tip of a peninsula marking the south side of the entrance to the Hwaweon Strait leading to Mokpo. Site appears open, tower closed.
* Mokpogu (Hwawon Bando, Mokpo Waterway) (2)
2003 (station established 1908). Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); white flash every 5 s. 36 m (118 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery attached to a 2-story administration building with sweeping buttresses. Lighthouse painted white, lantern roof red. A photo is at the top of this page, a 2008 photo is available, Jowon Gil has a closeup, Joni Lahey has a distant view, Kiso has a photo showing both lighthouses (first photo on the right), and Google has a good satellite view. Located at the extreme tip of the peninsula, near the historic lighthouse. Site appears open, tower status unknown. Admiralty M4217; NGA 17624.
Hwaweon Bando Light
1908 Mokpogu Light, Hwawon, September 2006
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Kussy
Mokpogu (Hwawon Bando) East
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, rising from a 1-story concrete keeper's house. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory at the southeastern entrance to the Hwaweon Strait, about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southeast of the Mokpogu lighthouses. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4217.7; NGA 17625.

Mokpo City Lighthouses

Dallido
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. A photo and a second photo are available, and Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located at the southern tip of Dallido, an island on the north side of the entrance to the Hwawon strait. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4217.6; NGA 17626.
Oedaldo (Oedalto)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower, covered in white tiles. A closeup photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the western tip of a small island on the north side of the entrance to the Hwawon strait. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4217.3; NGA 17622.
Maekdo (Maegdo, Maek-to) Southwest
2011. Active; focal plane 15 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo (1/3 the way down the page, #3123.1) is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the southwestern tip of a small island, marking a narrow channel between the larger islands of Dallido and Yuldo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4217.38; NGA 17623.
Maekdo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is green. A photo (1/3 the way down thepage, #3078.2) is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located about 100 m (110 yd) off the northeast point of Maekdo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4217.4.
Jangjwado (Changjwado)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 5 s. 14 m (46 ft) octagonal concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Sasha Shepherd has the photo at right, a closeup photo and a more distant view, Kim Bong-sun has a view from the sea, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the southern tip of an island on the north side of Mokpo harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. NGA 17627.
Changjwado Light
Jangjwado Light, Mokpo, January 2009
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Sasha Shepherd
Monghado (2)
2004 (station established 1987). Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white flash every 4 s. 15 m (49 ft) sculpture of a crane mounted on a concrete base; the light is atop the bird's head. The Port of Mokpo's photo is at right, another photo is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located atop a hill on the south side of the entrance to the Yeongsan River estuary, the inner harbor of Mokpo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4218; NGA 17628.
Madangyeo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); green flash every 4 s. 24 m (79 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is green. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal in the Yeongsan River. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4218.15.
* Mokpo Buk Hang (North Harbor) Southwest Breakwater (2)
2009. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) tapered octagonal wood tower in the form of a windmill. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view and Young Ju Lee's street view. Located on the southwest breakwater of the north harbor of Mokpo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4217.45.
* Mokpo Buk Hang (North Harbor) Northeast Breakwater (2)
2009. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); green flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) tapered octagonal wood tower in the form of a windmill. Entire lighthouse is white. Google has a satellite view and Young Ju Lee's distant street view. Located on the northwest breakwater of the north harbor of Mokpo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4217.455.
Monghado Light
Monghado Light, Mokpo
Port of Mokpo photo

Yeonggwang County Lighthouses

Nakwol District Lighthouses
* Anma Hang South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A closeup photo (third photo on the page), a second photo, and a distant photo are available, but the tower is not seen in Google's too-bright satellite view. Anma-do is a small island about 25 km (15 mi) off the coast of northern Jeollanam. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Anma harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4209.2; NGA 17721.
* Anma Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. A closeup photo (second photo on the page) and a distant photo are available, but the tower is not seen in Google's too-bright satellite view. NGA lists this tower erroneously as being red. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Anma harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4209.4; NGA 17722.

Hongnong Town Lighthouses
Beopseongpo (Popsongpo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); green flash every 6 s. 14 m (46 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, mounted on a concrete pier. Entire lighthouse is green. A nighttime photo and a distant view are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located a short distance offshore on the north side of the entrance to Beopseong harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4208.1.
Beopseong (Popsong)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 70 m (230 ft); white flash every 4 s. 5 m (17 ft) round white concrete tower. A photo is at right, another photo (first photo on the page) is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on heights north of the entrance to Beopseong harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4208; NGA 17720.
* Gyema (Kyema) Hang Groin (South Breakwater)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. Several photos (lower half of the page) and a distant photo are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Gyema, a small port at the northern end of Jeollanam. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4208.2; NGA 17718.
* Gyema (Kyema) Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Several photos (lower half of the page) are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west (main) breakwater of Gyema. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4208.21; NGA 17718.1.
Beopseong Light
Beopseong Light, Hongnong, August 2006
Daum.net Creative Commons photo by rest-of-life

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Buan County | West: Sinan | South: Jindo

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Posted January 9, 2008. Lighthouses: 20. Checked and revised October 15, 2016. Site copyright 2016 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.