Lighthouses of South Korea: Taean

For most of its history, Korea was an independent kingdom, or at least an autonomous kingdom under Chinese influence. This came to an end in 1910, when Japan annexed all of Korea. At the end of World War II in 1945, the 38° parallel was established as the dividing line between U.S. and Soviet zones of occupation, and in 1948 separate civil administrations were established in the two halves of the country. The Korean War (1950-53) ended in a draw, with the armistice line falling close to the prewar 38° line. The Republic of Korea (ROK), commonly called South Korea, occupies the Korean peninsula south of the armistice line.

This page covers lighthouses of Taean County in central Chungcheongnam (Chungnam) province on South Korea's west coast. Taean has a very scenic coast facing west on the West Sea (Yellow Sea), with a number of high islands scattered offshore. Much of the coastal region is included in the Taean Haean National Park.

Special thanks to Michel Forand for sharing his research on the lighthouses of Korea.

Following several recent government reorganizations, navigational aids in the ROK are now regulated by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (MOF). In Taean, the lights are maintained by the Daesan Regional Oceans and Fisheries Administration. In Korean, the word for a lighthouse is donghae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor .

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
KAAN Major National Lighthouses
KAAN is the Korean Association of Aids to Navigation. Small photos and basic data, all in Korean.

Ongdo Light
Ongdo Light, Geunheung, August 2013
Daesan Regional Oceans and Fisheries Administration photo

Gonam Township Lighthouses
Ganseo
2007. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 15 m (49 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. Google has a satellite view. Located on a rock about 2 km (1.2 mi) east of Gonam, a town at the southern end of Anmyeondo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4185.15; NGA 17839.2.
Oejukdo
2003. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); red flash every 4 s. 19 m (59 ft) tower, painted red. A very distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a rock about 3 km (2 mi) southeast of Gonam. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4185.12; NGA 17839.
Oejanggodo
2008. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 15 m (49 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. A distant view is available (about 2/3 the way down the page), and Google has a satellite view. Located on a rock off the island of Janggodo about 5 km (3 mi) west of Gonam. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4185.105; NGA 17827.1.

Anmyeon Town Lighthouses
Note: Anmyeon occupies most of the island of Anmyeondo, which is separated from the rest of Taean County by a narrow channel.
Oedo
2001. Active; focal plane 52 m (171 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small island about 3 km (1.8 mi) off the southwestern coast of the Taean peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4184.45; NGA 17827.15.
Bangpo
Date unknown (recent). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 18 m (59 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted black with a red horizontal band, mounted on a round concrete pier. A photo is at right, and Charley Shin has a more distant 2008 view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef off Bangpo harbor. Accessible only by boat, but easy to see from shore. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4184.48.
Anmado
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 4 s. 22 m (72 ft) round concrete tower, painted red. No photo available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) south of the entrance to the channel between Anmyeondo and the mainland. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4184.49.
Bangpo Light
Bangpo Light, Anmyeon, June 2009
Panoramio photo copyright cyana; permission requested

Nam County Lighthouses
Sinon Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 6 s. 14 m (46 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower mounted on a round concrete pier. Entire lighthouse is green. Several very distant views (2/3 the way down the page) are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the entrance to the channel between Anmyeondo and the mainland. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4185; NGA 17848.
Ulmido
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 71 m (233 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 10 km (6 mi) west of the entrance to Taean harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4184.35.
* Mageompo (Taean Bando)
2000. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 6 s. 17 m (56 ft) round white concrete tower with gallery. Several photos and a closeup (a little less than halfway down the page) are available, Moon Sun Ho has a distant view of the lighthouse against the sunset, and Bing has a satellite view. Located a few feet off a rocky point on the northwestern corner of the Taean peninsula. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4184.5; NGA 17839.8.
Deogam
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 16 m (52 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted black with a red horizontal band, mounted on a round concrete pier. A 2005 photo is available, there's another photo (second photo on the page), and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef off a small harbor in western Taean. Accessible only by boat, but easy to see from shore. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4184.24.

Geunheung Township Lighthouses
Chaeseokpo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 4 s. 16 m (52 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red, mounted on a round concrete pier. A closeup photo and a distant view (last photo on the page) are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef off Chaeseokpo harbor. Accessible only by boat, but easy to see from shore. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4184.1.
Geunheung
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); six quick white flashes followed by one long white flash every 15 s. 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower mounted on a round concrete pier. Upper half of the lighthouse painted yellow, lower half black. A distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 5 km (3 mi) southwest of the Chaeseokpo light. Accessible only by boat, but easy to see from shore. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4184.05.
Haengyeo
2003. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 17 m (56 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available. Located on a rock about 5 km (3 mi) southeast of Anheung. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.2; NGA 17841.
* Anheung Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round hourglass-shaped concrete tower, painted red. A photo (halfway down the page, just after the green west breakwater light) is available, there are photos of both breakwater lights, and Google has a satellite view. Anheung is a small port about 20 km (13 mi) southwest of Taean; it is located on a small island just off a promontory of the mainland. Located on a short breakwater on the east side of the south entrance to the channel separating Anheung from the mainland. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.5; NGA 17852.
* Anheung Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); two green flashes every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted green. A photo (halfway down the page) is available, there are photos of both breakwater lights, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a short jetty on the west side of the south entrance to the channel separating Anheung from the mainland. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.6.
* Anheung Sin (Anhung Shin, Sinjin) Hang South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round red concrete tower with gallery. This is the lighthouse on the right in a photo of the harbor entrance and on the left in José Choi's sunset photo, there's a collection of photos of both breakwater lights, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Anhung harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.4; NGA 17851.
* Anheung Sin (Anhung Shin, Sinjin) Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); green flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower with gallery. A photo is at right, this is the lighthouse on the left in a photo of the harbor entrance and on the right in José Choi's sunset photo, there's a collection of photos of both breakwater lights, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Anhung harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.3; NGA 17850.
Sinjin Hang North Breakwater
Anheung Sin (Sinjin) Hang North Breakwater Light, August 2011
Panoramio photo copyright plumgarden; used by permission
Hwagiseo
2003. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red flash every 4 s. 22 m (72 ft) tower, painted red. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal about 1.5 km (1 mi) southwest of Anheung harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.27.
Geomeunyeo (Mokkaedo)
2005. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. A photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a rock about 5 km (3 mi) southwest of Sinjindo-ri. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.25; NGA 17840.8.
Anheung Hang Approach
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 21 m (69 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a shoal about 5 km (3 mi) west southwest of Anheung. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.26.
Gauido (Kauido)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 5 s. 21 m (69 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse and pier painted green. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a rocky reef off the north side of the island of Gauido, about 6 km (3.5 mi) west of Anheung. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.22; NGA 17849.
** Ongdo (Ong Do) (2)
2009 (station established 1907). Active; focal plane 75 m (246 ft); white flash every 15 s. 14 m (46 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, rising from a 1-1/2 story museum building. Lighthouse painted white. This is South Korea's last staffed light station. A photo is at the top of this page, a tourist site has many photos, and another photo is available, but Google has only a very fuzzy satellite view of the island. A blogger has photos of the original lighthouse taken on the occasion of its 100th anniversary in 2007, and KAAN has a very distant view (first lighthouse on the page). Located atop a small island about 12 km (7.5 mi) west southwest of Anheung. Accessible only by boat; guided tours are reported to be available. Site open to tours, tower status unknown. ARLHS SKR-020; Admiralty M4154; NGA 17840.

Geomeunyeo Light, Geunheung
Daesan Regional Oceans and Fisheries Administration photo
Gungsido (Geungshido, Kungshido)
2010. Active; focal plane 96 m (315 ft); white flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the island, and the lighthouse is too new to appear in Naver's satellite view. Located on an island about halfway between Anheung and the Gyeongnyeolbido lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4183.7.

Geunheung Township: West Sea (Yellow Sea) Islands Lighthouses
Gyeongnyeolbido (Kyongnyolbi) (2)
2011 (station established 1909). Active; focal plane 112 m (367 ft); white flash every 10 s. 14 m (46 ft) round white concrete tower with lantern and gallery. A photo is at right, another photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. KAAN has a photo of the original lighthouse (second lighthouse on the page), a 14 m (46 ft) hexagonal white concrete tower. Located atop an isolated island in the Yellow Sea about 50 km (30 mi) west of Anheung. Accessible only by boat, and it appears that access to this strategically located island is restricted. Site status unknown. ARLHS SKR-014; Admiralty M4184; NGA 17844.
Heukdo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 117 m (384 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 20 m (66 ft) white metal (skeletal?) tower. A blogger has a closeup following several distant views, a distant view is available, and Naver has an indistinct satellite view; Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the island. Located on a steep island about 13 km (8 mi) northwest of Gauido. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4153.3; NGA 17853.5.
Gadaeam (Kadae Am)
Date unknown (2001?). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); three quick white flashes every 10 s. 17 m (56 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with one yellow horizontal band. A small photo is available (second lighthouse thumbnail), but the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located on a shoal about 16 km (10 mi) northwest of Anheung. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4153; NGA 17854.
Gyeongnyeolbido Light
Gyeongnyeolbido Light, April 2011
Daum.net Creative Commons photo

Sowon Township Lighthouses
Mokdeokdo (Moktok-do, Moktok To)
1910. Active; focal plane 66 m (217 ft); two flashes every 15 s, a white flash followed 3 s later by a red flash. 6 m (20 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Several 1-story keeper's houses and other light station buildings. A photo is at right, a series of photos, a closeup, and an article with a small photo are available, and Lighthouse Digest has a historic postcard view contributed by Michel Forand, but Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the island. This historic lighthouse warns vessels approaching Incheon to avoid the rocks and islets off the coast of Chungcheongnam. It was upgraded with a powerful new light in 2006. Located on a small island about 40 km (25 mi) north northwest of Uihang. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS SKR-045; Admiralty M4152; NGA 17856.
Banseo (Panso) (2)
2007 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 23 m (75 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available. Located on a rock about 8 km (5 mi) northeast of the Moktok-do lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4151; NGA 17856.5.
Tonggye Hang
2003. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 17 m (56 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. Several distant views (starting halfway down the page) are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef in Geunso Bay off the harbor of Tonggye. Accessible only by boat, but easily seen from shore. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.66.

Mokdeokdo Light, Sowon
Korean National Lighthouse Museum photo
Hwachangyeo
2007. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 4 s. 22 m (72 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse and pier painted green. A photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a rock on the east side of the passage around the east side of Gauido, about 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Anheung. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.21.
* Yeoeundol Hang
2009. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) octagonal cylindrical white concrete tower. Photos are available (starting a little past halfway on the page), the light is barely visible at the far left of a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the north breakwater of Yeoeundol, a small harbor on the northwest side of Taean. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.69; NGA 17853.
Mohang Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located on a headland a short distance west of the harbor of Mohang. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4154.8.
* Mohang Hang South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. A photo and additional photos are available, and Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater at Mohang. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.92.
Hwachangyeo Light
Hwachangyeo Light, Sowon,August 2011
Panoramio photo copyright plumgarden; used by permission
* Mohang Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two green flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. A portfolio of photos and additional photos are available, and Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater at Mohang. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.9.
* Mallipo (Manlipo, Manripo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A closeup is available, Kim Byeong Mo has a view down the pier, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a groin that helps maintain a broad beach a short distance north of Mohang Hang. Accessible by walking the groin. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.7; NGA 17860.
Dakseom
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 14 m (46 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower with double gallery. A photo (halfway down the page) is available, and Google has a satellite view and a very distant street view. Located at the seaward end of an island just offshore about 4 km (2.5 mi) north of Mohang. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4154.75.

Wonbung Township Lighthouses
Taean Hang Approach
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) round green concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef in the entrance to Taean harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4156.33; NGA 17862.
Sindotaseo
2005. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); green flash every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) round green concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 8 km (5 mi) north of Taean harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4156.35; NGA 17863.
Jeonggokdu (Chongkoktu)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) round white concrete tower. A photo (second photo on the page) and a second photo (just over halfway down the page) are available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a promontory about 6.5 km (4 mi) north of the Taean harbor entrance. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4156.3; NGA 17868.
Gudo (Kudo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); green flash every 5 s. 14 m (46 ft) round green concrete tower. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view. Located on a reef about 8 km (5 mi) north of Taean harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4156.38; NGA 17863.5.
Ando (An Do) (2)
2011 (station established 1911). Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); white flash every 10 s. 18 m (59 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Keeper's houses and other light station buildings. A photo is at right, but the island is only a blur in Google's satellite view. The lighthouse guides vessels approaching the port of Daesan. It was replaced in a major project in 2011, marking the 100th anniversary of the station. Located atop a small island about 12 km (7.5 mi) west of Tokkot. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS SKR-001; Admiralty M4156; NGA 17864.

Ando Light, Wonbung, 2012
Daesan Regional Oceans and Fisheries Administration photo

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Dangjin and Pyeongtaek | South: Boryeong Area

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Posted February 4, 2008. Checked and revised October 27, 2015. Lighthouses: 41. Site copyright 2015 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.