Lighthouses of China: Macau
Macau (also spelled Macao) is a territory on the south coast of China, directly
across the Pearl River (Zhūjiāng) estuary from Hong Kong. Like Hong
Kong, Macau is a special administrative region (SAR) of China, separate
from the surrounding Guangdong Province. The territory includes the tip
of the Macau Peninsula and two islands, Taipa and Coloane, which have
been joined by fill.
Settled by Portugal in 1557, Macau was the both the first and the last
European colony in China. It remained under Portuguese control until it
was returned to China in December 1999.
Aids to navigation in Macau are maintained by the Macau
SAR Marine and Water Bureau.
Macau has an international airport and is also accessible by high-speed
ferries from Hong Kong.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS
World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume
F of the
Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. NGA numbers
are from NGA Publication 112.
- General Sources
- Lighthouses in Macau
- Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
Chinas auf historischen Postkarten
- Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse.
Guia Light, Macau, January 2006
Flickr Creative Commons photo
by Adrian Furby
(Fortaleza da Guia, Dongwangyang)
- 1865 (Carlos Vicente da Rocha). Reactivated (inactive 1874-1910); focal plane 108 m (354 ft); two
white flashes every 10 s. 13.5 m (44 ft) round tapered concrete-clad stone tower with lantern
and double gallery. Lighthouse painted white with gold trim; lantern roof
painted red. Adrian Furby's photo is above, a 2008 closeup
is available, the Macau Cultural Affairs Bureau has a large portfolio of
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on
the lighthouse with several good photos, Wikimedia has additional photos, Lighthouse Digest has a photo by Xavier Leroy, and Google has a satellite
view and a 2014 photo sphere by Chichuen Wong. Huelse has a historic postcard
view showing a very different lantern structure. One of the world's great lighthouses, the Portuguese Farol da
Guia was the first western-style lighthouse built in China. However, after
only nine years of operation, it was damaged by a typhoon in 1874 and
remained out of service until 1910. Beautifully restored in recent years
and recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site, it is one of China's
best known and most visited lighthouses. In recent years, it has been the
subject of an extended controversy, as preservationists have protested
plans for high-rise buildings that may block the view (and the light)
from the lighthouse. The lighthouse is built within the walls of the Fortaleza
(fortress) da Guia, completed in 1638. Located atop Guia Hill near the
southeast corner of the Macau Peninsula. Site open, tower closed. (The tower was opened for tours to commemorate its 150th anniversary in July 2015; it's not clear of these tours will be continued.) Site
Heritage. ARLHS MAC-001; Admiralty F3416; NGA 19640.
Information available on lost lighthouses:
- Ponta Sul (1911-?), tip of the Macau Peninsula. Nothing remains of this small lighthouse.
Adjoining pages: North and West: Central Guangdong | East: Hong Kong
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Posted November 17, 2008. Checked and revised October 24, 2015.
Lighthouses: 1. Site copyright 2015 Russ Rowlett and the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill.