Lighthouses of Nigeria
The western African nation of Nigeria faces south into
the northeastern corner of the Gulf of Guinea. A former British colony,
Nigeria has been independent since 1960. The country has become a leading
producer of oil and gas, but there has been unrest in the coastal regions
where the wells are located.
The great delta of the Niger River occupies most of the central coast
of the country, and three of the lighthouses mark entrances to the river
system. The Bonny River Light, shown at right, is one of these three.
Aids to navigation in Nigeria are maintained by the Nigerian
Ports Authority. Based in Britain, the port authority is one of several
agencies privatized by the Nigerian government since 2003.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS
World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume D of the
Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers
are from Publication 113.
- General Sources
of Lights - Nigeria
- Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander
Trabas. The Nigerian photos are by Capt.
Peter Mosselberger; one of his photos is at right.
- World of Lighthouses - Nigeria
- Photos available from Lightphotos.net.
Leuchttürme auf historischen Postkarten
- Postcards from the collection of Klaus Huelse.
Beecroft Point Light, Lagos, November 2008
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by xuxu.shanghai
- Rivers State Lighthouse
- Bonny River (Field Point)
- Date unknown (probably 1950s). Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); two white
flashes every 20 s. 28 m (92 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with lantern
and gallery. Entire lighthouse is steel gray. Captain Peter's photo is at right, and Google has an indistinct satellite
view. The lighthouse marks the entrance to Port Harcourt, the capital of Rivers State and a major base for the oil industry. Located on the
east side of the entrance to the Bonny River, at the eastern edge of the Niger
River Delta. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS NIG-002; Admiralty D3940; NGA
Bayelsa State Lighthouse
- Akassa (Palm Point)
- 1917. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); one long (1.2 s) white flash
every 10 s. The tower is described by NGA as a white metal pile structure.
No photo available, but a Google satellite
view shows a pyramidal skeletal structure at least 25 m (82 ft)
tall, with an enclosed upper section, topped by an extension. The light marks the southernmost point of the Niger River Delta.
Located on the east side of the entrance to the Nun River, one of
the many branches of the Niger. Site status unknown. ARLHS NIG-004;
Admiralty D3930; NGA 25056.
Delta State Lighthouse
- Oidigbe (Escravos River)
- Date unknown (probably 1950s). Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft);
three white flashes every 20 s. Tower described by NGA as a metal
framework tower with a black band. No photo available, and the tower has not been located in Google's satellite view of the area. The Escravos
River is the site of large and controversial natural gas terminals;
residents protesting this industrialization have seized the facilities
and held hostages several times. Located on the east side of the river
entrance near Oidigbe, on the west side of the Niger River Delta.
Site status unknown. ARLHS NIG-003; Admiralty D3900; NGA 25036.
Lagos State Lighthouses
- Lagos East Mole Middle
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); flashing red
light. Light mounted on the roof of a ramshackle 3-story concrete
signal station. Trabas has posted a closeup photo
by Captain Peter, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite
view. Located on the east mole of Lagos harbor. Site status unknown.
ARLHS NIG-005; Admiralty D3878; NGA 24992.
Bonny River Light, Niger Delta, March 2005
photo copyright Capt. Peter Mosselberger
used by permission
- * Necom House
- Date unknown (building completed 1979). Active (?); focal plane 160
m (525 ft); white flash every 30 s. Light mounted atop the communications
tower on the roof of the 32-story Necom
House. Lateef 'deji Oyedokun has a 2008 photo,
Jide Akinboade has a view from the harbor, and Google has a satellite view. Necom House is the headquarters
of the former Nigerian External Communications (Necom), now privatized
as part of Nitel, Ltd. The powerful light has a range of 65 km (40
mi) and serves as the landfall light for Lagos. It has been dropped from the 2010 NGA List, but we haven't seen any notice of its deactivation. Located on the waterfront
in downtown Lagos. Site and building open, tower closed. Admiralty
D3871; ex-NGA 25028.
Point (Lagos) (2)
- 1891 (station established 1877). Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft);
two white flashes, separated by 3.2 s, every 15 s. 27 m (89 ft) stone
tower with lantern and gallery. Tower painted white with a broad red
horizontal band below the gallery. A photo is at the top of this page,
Paul Kalu has a closeup photo,
another good photo and a 2010 photo are available, Huelse has a historic postcard
view, and Google has a satellite
view. Lagos, the colonial capital of Nigeria, is a large city
and major port in the southwestern corner of the country. Located
about 1.5 km (1 mi) northwest of the point of land at the western
entrance to Lagos Harbour. Site status unknown. ARLHS NIG-001; Admiralty
D3870; NGA 24968.
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining pages: East: Cameroon | West: Benin
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Posted September 23, 2005. Checked and revised August 27, 2013. Lighthouses: 6. Site copyright 2013 Russ Rowlett and the University
of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.