Lighthouses of Norway: Østfold (Fredrikstad Area)

Norway is one of the world's most maritime nations. The country is long and narrow, with drowned valleys called fjords that bring the sea far inland in most regions. The mainland coast is estimated to be 2650 km (1650 mi) long, and when all the islands and minor indentations are counted the total coastline approaches an astonishing 60,000 km (37,500 mi), long enough the go around the world one and a half times. With such a lengthy and rocky shore, it's not surprising that Norway has a large number of lighthouses.

This page lists lighthouses of Østfold county in the southeastern corner of the country, adjoining Sweden. Østfold borders south on the Skaggerak and west on the lower Oslofjord.

Although it has always been considered a separate realm, Norway has only been independent since 1905; it was ruled by the Danish king until 1814 and then by the Swedish king until the Norwegian parliament arranged a peaceful separation of the two kingdoms.

In Norway a lighthouse is simply called a fyr (fire) or sometimes a fyrtårn (fire tower). Aids to navigation are maintained by the Kystverket (Coast Directorate), an agency of the Fiskeri og Kystdepartementet (Fisheries and Coast Department).

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. NF numbers are from the Norsk Fyrliste, the official Norwegian light list. Admiralty numbers are from volume B of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 115.

Struten Fyr
Struten Light, Fredrikstad, July 2007
Panoramio photo copyright Stefan Varga; used by permission

General Sources
Norwegian Lighthouse Association - Østfold
Photos and information from the Norwegian Lighthouse Association.
Online List of Lights - Norway North Sea
Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas; many of these photos were taken by Michael Boucher, Ronald Wöhrn, or Capt. Peter Mosselberger.
Leuchttuerme.net - Oslo Fjord
Photos posted by Malte Werning.
Lighthouse Pages from Anke and Jens - Norway
Good photos and and brief accounts for some of the Oslofjord lighthouses, in English.
Lighthouses in Østfold
Photos available from Wikimedia.
Norwegische Leuchttürme
Photos by Klaus Huelse.
Norsk Fyrliste
Latest edition of the Norwegian light list.
Norwegische Leuchttürme auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard images, also posted by Klaus Huelse.
Liste over Norske Fyr
From Norwegian Wikipedia, a handy list of Norwegian light stations with their dates of establishment.

Halden and Sarpsborg Lighthouses

Halden Lighthouses
Fløberg
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting twice every 8 s. 6 m (20 ft) square skeletal tower with wood siding, lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern roof red. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the tip of a promontory on the east side of the Iddefjord about 10 km (6 mi) south southeast of Halden. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0031; Admiralty B2209; NGA 0072.
Sponvikskansen
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting once every 6 s. 6 m (20 ft) lantern and gallery mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse painted white, lantern roof red, pier black. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. This light overlooks the Swedish border. Located at the base of a vertical cliff on the west side of the entrance to Sponvika from the Svinesund. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0015; Admiralty B2198; NGA 0032.

Sarpsborg Lighthouses
Hykkelen (Haslauflu Range Rear)
1917. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white light occulting once every 6 s, intensified on a range line to the south. 9 m (30 ft) round stone tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white; lantern roof is red. Bent Velling has a view of the lighthouse, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a rocky promontory on the north side of the Singlefjorden about 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Sponvika. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0036; Admiralty B2211.1; NGA 0080.
Singløy (Range Rear)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white light occulting once every 6 s, visible only on a line to the west northwest. 4 m (13 ft) lantern and gallery mounted on a concrete base. Lighthouse painted white, lantern roof red. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The light acts as the rear light of an eastbound range, the Lauskjær light (next entry) being the front light. Located on a bluff on the west side of the island of Singløy. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0037; Admiralty B2214.1; NGA 0096.
Lauskjær
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 6 m (20 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting once every 6 s. 6.5 m (21 ft) lantern on a platform supported by four piles. Lantern painted white with a red roof; piles painted black. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry about 600 m (0.4 mi) west northwest of the Singløy light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0038; Admiralty B2214; NGA 0092.

Hvaler Lighthouses

Note: The municipality of Hvaler occupies a group of islands in the Skaggerak just east of the entrance to the Oslofjord. Kirkøy, Asmaløy, and Vesterøy are the largest of the islands.
Kirkøy Area Lighthouses
Terneskjæra (Terneskjærene)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 5 m (17 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting three times every 10 s. 6 m (20 ft) lantern on a platform supported by four piles. Lantern painted white with a red roof; piles painted black. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a tiny skerry off the north coast of Kirkøy, opposite Singløy. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0047; Admiralty B2216; NGA 0100.
Kuskjær
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 6 m (20 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, 2 s on, 2 s off. 6 m (20 ft) lantern on a platform supported by four piles. Lantern painted white with a red roof; piles painted black. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry off the north coast of Søndre Sandøy. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0060; Admiralty B2226; NGA 0128.
Glan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 6 m (20 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting once every 6 s. 6 m (20 ft) lantern on a platform supported by four piles. Lantern painted white with a red roof; piles painted black. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry off the east coast of Herføl. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0006; Admiralty B2194; NGA 0020.
* Homlungen (Holmlungen)
1867. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting once every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) square cylindrical wood tower with lantern and gallery, rising at one corner of a 1-1/2 story wood keeper's house. 4th order Fresnel lens (1878). Lighthouse painted white; conical lantern roof painted red. Vegard Krog Petersen's photo is at right, a 2007 photo and a 2005 photo are available, Wikimedia has a photo by Vibeke Weibell Eliassen, Huelse has a historic postcard view, and Google has a satellite view. The lighthouse was altered in 1915, apparently by installation of a new lantern. Located at the southernmost point of Kirkøy, 1 km (0.6 mi) southwest of Skjærhollen. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS NOR-125; NF-0055; Admiralty B2222; NGA 0116.

Asmaløy Area Lighthouses
Fugletangskjær
1897. Active; focal plane 6 m (20 ft); red flash every 5 s. 6 m (20 ft) square skeletal tower with wood siding, lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern roof red. No photo available, but the shadow of the light appears in a Google satellite view. Located on a skerry off the southeastern tip of Asmaløy, marking the channel between that island and Kirkøy. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0062; Admiralty B2230; NGA 0132.
Homlungen Light
Homlungen Light, Hvaler, July 2007
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Vegard Krog Petersen
Lubbegrunnen
2009. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting three times every 10 s. 18 m (59 ft) post with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse is white, lantern roof red. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located in the center of the Løperen, the strait separating Kirkøy and Asmaløy. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS NOR-371; NF-0073; Admiralty B2234.5; NGA 0145.
Tjeldholmgrunnen
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) post with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse is white with one narrow red horizontal band; lantern roof is red. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located off the northeastern coast of Tjeldholmen, an island on the west side of the Løperen north of Asmaløy. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0083; Admiralty B2241; NGA 0161.
Vestre Fugleskjærgrunnen
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); green flash every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) post with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse is white with one narrow green horizontal band; lantern roof is red. The Oslo newspaper Dagbladet has a photo of the containership Godafoss aground next to the lighthouse in April 2011. Google has a satellite view. Located in the Løperen about 1 km (0.6 mi) north of the Tjeldholmgrunnen. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0084; Admiralty B2241.5; NGA 0162.
Asmalsund (Brattestø, Pigstens, Pikesten)
Date unknown (station established 1897). Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting three times every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) square skeletal tower, covered with wood siding, with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern roof red. A photo is available, Mariusz Korzeniewski has a winter photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the southwestern tip of Asmaløy, marking the entrance to the Asmalsund, the passage between Asmaløy and Spjærøy. Site open, tower closed. NF-0115; Admiralty B2258; NGA 0208.
Trestenene (Tresten)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14.5 m (47 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting twice every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) lantern and gallery on a platform supported by four piles. Lantern painted white with a red roof; piles painted black. A distant view is available, and Bing has a distant satellite view. NGA misspells the name as Tresteinene. Located on a skerry in the Skaggerak about 3 km (2 mi) southwest of Asmaløy. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS NOR-253; NF-0049; Admiralty B2220; NGA 0112.

Vesterøy Area Lighthouses
Utgårdskilen
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 6.5 m (21 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting once every 6 s. 6 m (20 ft) lantern on a platform supported by four piles. Lantern painted white with a red roof; piles painted black. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the east side of Sauholmen, marking the narrow entrance to Utgård, on the south side of Vesterøy. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0117; Admiralty B2262; NGA 0212.
Papperhavn (Lyngholmen)
1897. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting three times every 10 s. 6 m (20 ft) square skeletal tower with wood siding, lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern roof red. The county's photo at right shows this small lighthouse, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on Lyngholmen, a small island off the west coast of Vesterøy, about 2 km (1.2 mi) west of Hauge. Site open, tower closed. NF-0119; Admiralty B2266; NGA 0220.

Papperhavn (Lyngholmen) Light, Hvaler
Østfold County photo
Tenneskjær
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 4 m (13 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting once every 6 s. Lantern and gallery mounted on four straight piles. Lantern painted white with a red roof; piles painted black. Grigory Schmerling has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small skerry about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) northeast of Hauge. Accessible only by boat; there should be view from the highway 108 bridge between Trolldalen and Vesterøy. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS NOR-391; NF-0125; Admiralty B2268; NGA 0228.
Torbjørnskjær
1872. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); continuous white light with a brighter flash every 10 s. 18 m (59 ft) square cylindrical granite tower with lantern and gallery, rising schoolhouse-style from the front of a 1-1/2 story granite keeper's house. 3rd order Fresnel lens. Lighthouse is unpainted dark gray stone; lantern painted red. A well-preserved light station, with 1-story wood assistant keeper's house, engine house, boathouse, and other structures. Vibeke Weibell Eliassen's photo is at right, a closeup and a second photo are available, Trabas has a distant view by Wöhrn, and Google has a fuzzy satellite view. The lighthouse marks the entrance to the Oslofjord from the Skagerrak. Located on a small skerry (skjær) about 8 km (5 mi) southwest of Utgard, Vesterøy. Accessible only by boat, and landing is usually difficult; the lighthouse is now maintained by helicopter. Site and tower closed. ARLHS NOR-046; NF-0002; Admiralty B2219; NGA 0012.
Torbjørnskjær Light
Torbjørnskjær Light, Hvaler, November 2011
Norwegian Wikipedia Creative Commons photo by Vibeke Weibell Eliassen

Fredrikstad Lighthouses

Fredrikstad Harbor Lighthouses
Note: The commercial harbor of Fredrikstad is at the south end of the city; it is approached through a fjord on the east side of Kråkerøy that extends the Løperen channel east of Asmaløy (see above).
Belgen
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 6.5 m (21 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting twice every 8 s. 4.5 m (15 ft) lantern mounted on a concrete base. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry in the entrance to the approach to Fredrikstad harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0087; Admiralty B2243; NGA 0164.
Flyndregrunnen (?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting three times every 10 s. 15 m (49 ft) post with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse is white with one narrow green horizontal band; lantern roof is red. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This light was apparently out of service in late 2013 and its future status is uncertain. Located about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) south of Gamle Fredrikstad. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0096; Admiralty B2245; NGA 0165.
Kallera (Kaldera) Range Front
2006 (?). Active; focal plane 10.5 m (34 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting once every 6 s. 5 m (17 ft) lantern and gallery mounted on four straight piles. Lantern painted white with a red roof; piles painted black. A photo is available (second row of thumbnails), and Google has a satellite view. Located on the east side of Kråkerøy opposite the south end of the Fredrikstad waterfront. Probably accessible only by boat (the light is at the bottom of a steep, rocky slope). Site status unknown. NF-0107; Admiralty B2250; NGA 0196.
* Fredrikstad Kirketårnet (Kallera Range Rear) (2)
2006 (tower built 1880). Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); occulting white light. Light mounted above one of the clocks in the tower of the Fredrikstad Domkirke (cathedral). A photo of the church is available, Wikimedia has photos, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the Nygårdsgata in downtown Fredrikstad. Site open, tower closed. Site manager: Fredrikstad Domkirke. NF-0108; Admiralty B2250.1; NGA 0200.

Lower Oslofjord Lighthouses
Struten (1)
1907. Inactive since 1985. 12.5 m (41 ft) square cylindrical wood tower with lantern and gallery, attached the front of a 1-1/2 story wood keeper's house. House and tower painted white, lantern and gallery red. Stefan Varga's photo is at the top of this page, the Old Struten Lighthouse Association has a good photo of both lighthouses, Stefan Varga has a 2007 photo, Trabas has a distant view by Wöhrn, and Bing has a satellite view. The Old Struten Lighthouse Association (Stiftelsen Gamle Struten) has leased the house from the Kystverket and made it available for overnight accommodations. The lighthouse is located on a small island on the east side of the channel in Oslofjord, about 8 km (5 mi) northwest of Torbjørnskjær. German troops fortified the island during World War II, but the fortifications saw no fighting. Accessible only by boat. Site open, lighthouse open to paying guests. Site manager: Struten Fyr. ARLHS NOR-322.
Struten (2)
1985. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting once every 6 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with a small lantern and gallery. The Old Struten Lighthouse Association has a good photo of both lighthouses. The light is now solar-powered with storage batteries, but the generator remains on standby in case the northern sun fails to provide sufficient charge. Lighthouse painted white with a narrow black horizontal band; lantern roof red. Located between the original lighthouse and the sea. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS NOR-232; NF-0139; Admiralty B2284; NGA 0260.
Stangeskjær
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10.5 m (34 ft); white flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) stone cairn topped by a small lantern. Lantern painted red. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry just off the west coast of Kråkerøy. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0126; Admiralty B2267; NGA 0224.
Strømtangen (Torgauten) (1)
1859. Inactive since 1977. 7 m (23 ft) lantern room, at ground level, attached to one corner of a 2-story wood duplex keeper's house. House painted white, lantern room red. Asbjørn Floden's photo is at right, Wikipedia has a page with two photos, and Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse is on the east side of Oslofjord, marking the entrance to the harbor of Fredrikstad (Onsøy). The Onsøybeviset association has leased the house from the Kystverket and made it available for overnight accommodations (reservations should be made at least a year in advance). There is also an automatic weather station in the complex. Note: there is another Strømtangen Fyr not so far away in Telemark County. Located on a small island off the end of a rocky peninsula about 2 km (1.25 mi) southwest of Øyenkilen. Accessible only by boat. Site open, lighthouse open to paying guests. Site manager: Strømtangen Fyr. ARLHS NOR-323.
Strømtangen (Torgauten) (2)
1977 (station established 1859). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting twice every 8 s. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with a small lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern roof red. Located between the original lighthouse and the sea. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS NOR-041; NF-0141; Admiralty B2288; NGA 0264.

Strømtangen Fyr, Fredrikstad, August 2008
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Asbjørn Floden

Slevik and Engelsvik Area Lighthouses
Gåsungene
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 6 m (20 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting once every 6 s. 6 m (20 ft) lantern and gallery mounted on four straight piles. Lantern painted white with a red roof; piles painted black. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a rock west of Kråkerøy, marking the western entrance to Fredrikstad. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0142; Admiralty B2290; NGA 0268.
Slevik (Stensholmen)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting three times every 10 s. 7 m (23 ft) concrete post with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern roof red. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the west side of the skerry called Stensholmen, marking the entrance to Slevik. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0171; Admiralty B2318; NGA 0328.
Garnholmen
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting once every 6 s. 6 m (20 ft) lantern and gallery mounted on four straight piles. Lantern painted white with a red roof; piles painted black. There's a view from the fjord (first photo on the page) and a distant view of the light in action, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island at the southern entrance to the Hankesund from the Oslofjord, about 2 km (1.25 mi) southwest of Vikene. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS NOR-379; NF-0170; Admiralty B2320; NGA 0324.
Veslecalv
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, 2 s on, 2 s off. 7 m (23 ft) concrete post with lantern and gallery. Björn Nehrhoff has a very distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry off the northern tip of Rauøy. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0173; Admiralty B2326; NGA 0336.

Moss Area Lighthouses

Rygge Lighthouses
Larkollen
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 5 m (16 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting once every 6 s. 5 m (16 ft) lantern and gallery mounted on tripod piles. Lighthouse painted white, lantern roof red. Trabas has Boucher's photo, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the south side of the entrance to Larkollen. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NF-0175; Admiralty B2330; NGA 0348.
Revlingen
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 5 m (16 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting once every 6 s. 5 m (16 ft) octagonal lantern mounted on a square rubblestone base. Lantern painted white with a red roof. Tom Bastiansen has posted a photo, Trabas has Boucher's distant view, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island in the Oslofjord about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southwest of the Moss waterfront. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS NOR-389; NF-0176; Admiralty B2334; NGA 0352.

Moss Lighthouses
* Verlebukta
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting twice every 8 s. Round lantern, painted white and mounted on the roof of a pierhead building. Trabas has Boucher's closeup photo, and Google has a satellite view and a distant street view across the harbor. Located at the end of the southeast quay at Moss. There's a good view form ferries crossing the Oslofjord to Horten. Site open, tower closed. NF-0177; Admiralty B2336; NGA 0356.
Guldholmen (Gullholmen) (1)
1894. Inactive since 1984. Approx. 7 m (23 ft) square cylindrical wood tower with lantern and gallery, attached to one end of a 1-1/2 story wood keeper's house. House and tower painted white, lantern and gallery red. Huelse's photo is at right, the Lighthouse Association has a page for the station, Trabas has posted a panoramic view by Wöhrn, Werning has a photo, Anke and Jens have several good photos, Tom Bastiensen has a fine closeup, Wikimedia has a distant view, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. The house is available for overnight stays. The light marks a constriction in the Oslofjord near the town of Moss. Located on a small island on the east side of Oslofjordens about 5 km (3 mi) west of Moss. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower open only to overnight guests. ARLHS NOR-104.
Guldholmen (Gullholmen) (2)
1984 (station established 1894). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting once every 6 s. Approx. 7 m (23 ft) post with a small lantern and gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. Located immediately in front of the original lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open only to overnight guests, tower closed. ARLHS NOR-310; NF-0181; Admiralty B2346; NGA 0360.
* Kippenes
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, occulting twice every 8 s. 8 m (26 ft) square pyramidal wood tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white; lantern roof is red. Tom Bastiansen has posted a distant photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the east side of Jeløy, marking a narrow passage in the Mossesund, about 3 km (2 mi) north of Moss. Site appears open, tower closed. ARLHS NOR-381; NF-0185; Admiralty B2350; NGA 0364.
Guldholmen Fyr
Guldholmen Fyr, Moss
photo copyright Klaus Huelse; used by permission

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: East: Tanum Area | North: Oslo Area | West: Larvik Area

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted April 10, 2006. Checked and revised March 2, 2014. Lighthouses: 37. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.