Lighthouses of Canada: Nunavut and Northern Québec

Nunavut is a territory encompassing a large portion of the Canadian Arctic. Separated from the Northwest Territory in 1999, Nunavut is thinly populated; its population in 2011 was about 32,000. Iqaluit (formerly Frobisher Bay) is the capital of the territory.

Commercial navigation began in these northern waters after a railroad was completed in 1929 to Churchill, Manitoba, on the southwestern shore of Hudson Bay. This allowed Canadian farmers to ship grain to Europe via Hudson Bay and Hudson Strait. In 1932 a series of skeletal lighthouses were built to improve the safety of navigation through the strait.

Also included on this page are several lights of Québec's northern coast, which faces Nunavut across the Hudson Strait.

Aids to navigation in Canada are maintained by the Canadian Coast Guard. In 2008, Parliament passed the Heritage Lighthouse Protection Act to designate and protect historic lighthouses. In 2010 the Coast Guard declared the great majority of lighthouses to be surplus, and there is fear that this may lead to the disposal and possible destruction of many lighthouses.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CCG numbers are from the Atlantic Coast list of the List of Lights, Buoys, and Fog Signals of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Admiralty numbers are from Volume H of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA numbers are from Publication 110.

General Sources
Online List of Lights - Northern and Eastern Canada
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
List of Lights, Buoys, and Fog Signals
Official Canadian light lists.

Koojesse Inlet Range Lights
Koojesse Inlet Range Lights, Iqaluit, January 2010
photo copyright Tim Van Horn; permission requested

Nunavut Lighthouses

Resolute Lighthouses
Note: Resolute (Qausuittuq) is a small Inuit community, population about 230, on the south side of Cornwallis Island in Canada's high Arctic. The island is on the north side of the Parry Channel, a passage through Canada's Arctic Archipelago. The village is on the south side of the island facing Resolute Bay. These range lights are Canada's northernmost lights.
Resolute Bay Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 47 m (154 ft); white light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 13.5 m (45 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a trapezoidal daymark colored orange with a black vertical stripe. A distant view is at right, Robert Arsenault's street view has a very distant view of the range lights, and the shadow of the light is seen in Google's satellite view. This is the entrance range for Resolute Bay. Located about 2 km (1.25 mi) south of the village. Site open, tower closed. CCG 2530; Admiralty H0014.8; NGA 0768.
Resolute Bay Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 66 m (217 ft); white light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 8.5 m (28 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a trapezoidal daymark colored orange with a black vertical stripe. Robert Arsenault's street view has a very distant view of the range lights, and the shadow of the light is seen in Google's satellite view. Located 304 m (1000 ft) north northeast of the front light. Site open, tower closed. CCG 2531; Admiralty H0014.81; NGA 0772.

Baffin Island Lighthouses
Note: Baffin Island (Qikiqtaaluk) is the largest island of Canada and fifth largest island of the world. To the northeast, Baffin Island faces Greenland across the Davis Strait and Baffin Bay; to the south, it faces northernmost Québec across the Hudson Strait.
* Koojesse Inlet Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); continuous green light. 13 m (43 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a daymark colored orange with a black vertical stripe. Tim Van Horn's photo of the two range lights is at the top of this page, Google has a street view from the rear of the light, and the shadow of the light is seen in Bing's satellite view. This is the final approach range for Iqaluit, the capital of Nunavut. Located on the town's waterfront. Site open, tower closed. CCG 2585; Admiralty H0056.2; NGA 0652.

Resolute Bay Range Front Light, Resolute, July 2007
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by tadilman
* Koojesse Inlet Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30.5 m (100 ft); continuous green light. 16.5 m (53 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a daymark colored orange with a black vertical stripe. Tim Van Horn's photo of the two range lights is at the top of this page, Google has a closeup street view, and the shadow of the light is seen in Bing's satellite view. Located at the intersection of Mivvik Street and Iglulik Drive in the center of Iqaluit. Site open, tower closed. CCG 2586; Admiralty H0056.21; NGA 0656.
* Iqaluit (Frobisher Bay) Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18.5 m (60 ft); red light, 1 s on, 1 s off, visible only on the range line. 17 m (56 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a daymark colored orange with a black vertical stripe. Google has a closeup street view, and Bing has a satellite view. This is an approach range for Iqaluit. The rear light (seen in the background of the street view) is on a shorter tower. Located on the west side of Koojesse Inlet about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) south of the town. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. CCG 2582; Admiralty H0055.5; NGA 0657.

Northern Hudson Bay Lighthouses
Bear Island
Date unknown (station established 1943). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a rectangular orange daymark. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on an island on the east side of the entrance to South (Munn) Bay, a sheltered embayment on the south side of Southampton Island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CCG 2545; Admiralty H0034; NGA 0728.
Munn Bay (Coral Harbour)
Date unknown (station established 1943). Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); white flash every 5 s. 11.5 m (38 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a rectangular orange daymark. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Coral Harbour, named for fossilized coral found in the area, is a Inuit village with about 850 inhabitants. Located on a slope about 6.5 km (4 mi) west of the village. Accessible by road or snowmobile. Site open, tower closed. CCG 2546; Admiralty H0035; NGA 0732.

Western Hudson Bay Lighthouse
Sentry Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35.5 m (116 ft); white flash every 6 s. 18.5 m (61 ft) square skeletal mast. No photo available, and Google has only a distant satellite view of the location. Located on an island just off the northwestern coast of Hudson Bay about 15 km (9 mi) northeast of Arviat. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CCG 2603; Admiralty H0025.5; NGA 0746.

Eastern Hudson Bay Lighthouses
Broomfield Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); red flash every 6 s. Square skeletal tower carrying a rectangular orange daymark. The height of the tower is not listed, but a tall tower would be required here. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the location. This light is near the southern end of the Belcher Islands, an archipelago in the southeastern corner of Hudson Bay, north of James Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CCG 2552; Admiralty H0036.4; NGA 0714.
Cape Acadia
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23.5 m (77 ft); white flash every 5 s. 19 m (62 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a rectangular orange daymark. No photo available, and the light has not been found in Google's satellite view of the location. Located at the southern tip of Mansel Island, a large island off the northwestern corner of Québec, in the entrance to Hudson Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CCG 2551; Admiralty H0036.1; NGA 0712.
Mansel Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18.5 m (60 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15.5 m (51 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a rectangular orange daymark. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the location. Located at the northern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CCG 2550; Admiralty H0036; NGA 0708.
Coats Island (Carys Swan Nest)
Date unknown (station established 1932). Active; focal plane 12.5 m (41 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11.5 m (37 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a rectangular orange daymark. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the location. Coats Island is a large island about 130 km (80 mi) northwest of Mansel Island; the shipping route into or out of Hudson Bay passes between the two islands. Located at the southeastern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CCG 2549; Admiralty H0032; NGA 0716.
Cape Pembroke
Date unknown (station established 1968). Active; focal plane 16.5 m (54 ft); white flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a rectangular orange daymark. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the location. Located at the northeastern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CCG 2548; Admiralty H0033; NGA 0720.

Hudson Strait Lighthouses
Nottingham Island
Date unknown (station established 1932). Active; focal plane 27.5 m (90 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12.5 m (41 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a rectangular orange daymark with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the location. Nottingham Island is on the north side of the entrance to Hudson Strait from Hudson Bay. Located on the southern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CCG 2554; Admiralty H0040; NGA 0700.
Charles Island West End
Date unknown (station established 1932). Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); white flash every 6 s. 16 m (52 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a rectangular orange daymark. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the location. Charles Island is off Cap de Nouvelle-France on the south side of Hudson Strait. Located on the western tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CCG 2556; Admiralty H0042; NGA 0676.
[Wales Island]
Date unknown (station established 1932). Active; focal plane 83 m (272 ft); white flash every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) square skeletal mast carrying a rectangular orange daymark. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the location. Located on the eastern tip of Wales Island, an island just off the Québec coast on the south side of Hudson Strait. CCG 2558; Admiralty H0048; NGA 0668.

Northern Québec (Nunavik) Lighthouses

Note: The vast territory of Québec north of latitude 55° is known as Nunavik. This area was governed as the Ungava District of the Northwest Territories until it was transferred to Québec in 1912.
Hudson Strait Lighthouse
[Cape Hopes Advance]
Date unknown (station established 1932). Active; focal plane 82.5 m (270 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 7 m (23 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a rectangular orange daymark. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a very prominent cape on the south side of the strait at the western entrance to Ungava Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CCG 2560; Admiralty H0052; NGA 0660.

Ungava Bay Lighthouses
Koksoak River Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 39.5 m (130 ft); continuous green light visible only on the range line. 24.5 m (80 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a daymark colored orange with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The Koksoak River drains a large part of northern Québec. It is navigable to Kuujjuaq, the regional capital, about 48 km (30 mi) from the mouth. Located on heights above the west side of the river about 15 km (9 mi) from the mouth. Site status unknown. CCG 2592; Admiralty H0058.1; NGA 0601.1.
Koksoak River East Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white light, 1 s on, 1 s off, visible only on the range line. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal mast carrying a large triangular daymark colored orange with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on heights above the east side of the river about 5 km (3 mi) from the mouth. Site status unknown. CCG 2594; Admiralty H0058.41; NGA 0602.1.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: East: Greenland | Southeast: Labrador

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted August 13, 2014. Checked and revised June 30, 2017. Lighthouses: 17. Site copyright 2017 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.