Lighthouses of the Philippines: Negros and Western Visayas

The Philippines include more than 7000 islands stretching over 1750 km (1100 mi) of the western Pacific. The archipelago was a Spanish colony until the Spanish-American War of 1898, which brought the islands under U.S. administration. Japan occupied the islands during World War II (1942-45), and the country became independent shortly thereafter (1946).

This page lists lighthouses in the Negros and Western Visayas regions in the central part of the Philippines, including the islands of Panay, Guimaras, and Negros. The Sibuyan Sea is to the north, the Visayan Sea to the northeast, and the much deeper Panay Gulf and Sulu Sea to the southwest.

In the list, lighthouses are grouped under the closest major island, although a great many of the lighthouses are actually located on small islands in the nearby shipping lanes.

The lighthouse preservation movement is gaining some momentum in the Philippines. Until recently, all of the historic light stations were in very poor condition. However, the Philippines Coast Guard, which operates aids to navigation in the country, has recently repaired and renovated many of the towers. An "adopt a lighthouse" program has taken hold, and there's hope more extensive restorations will be carried out within the next few years.

Philippine lighthouses are often called parolas. Many Philippine lighthouses are not well known, so better information and photos are needed.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Philippine Lighthouses
8 historic photos posted by Johann Stockinger.
Lighthouses in the Philippines
Wikipedia article, with links to articles on several of the individual lighthouses.
Spanish Lighthouses of the Philippines
This is the Directory's own list of the Spanish light stations, with notes on their current status.
Lighthouses in the Philippines
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
World of Lighthouses - Philippines
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Marine Safety Services Command - Lighthouses
Lists of active lighthouses maintained by MSSC.

Maniguin Island Lighthouses
Maniguin Island lighthouses, Panay, February 2009
Flickr photo copyright The Colour of Culasi; used by permission

Panay Lighthouses

Note: The sixth largest island of the Philippines, Panay is triangular in shape and has a population of about 4.5 million. Iloilo on the southeast coast, San Jose on the southwest coast, and Roxas on the north coast are among the major cities on the island.
Antique Province (West Coast) Lighthouses
Nogas Island (2)
1990s (station established 1917). Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) octagonal cylindrical tower with gallery mounted on a concrete skeletal base. This is a modern tower of the "Apo Reef" class. Marcus Chymera has a photo, a closeup photo is available, there's also a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. The original light tower, a 16 m (52 ft) wood skeletal tower, is known to have been replaced sometime in the 1990s. Located on an island about 5 km (3 mi) off Anini-y in southernmost Panay. Site status unknown. ARLHS PHI-093; Admiralty F2332; NGA 14720.
San José de Buenavista (Tubigan Point) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1916). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); three white flashes every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical tower, flared at the top and bottom. Entire lighthouse is white. Cyruss Matencio has a photo, and Bing has a distant satellite view. The original lighthouse was a concrete tower on the corner of the Spanish fort. Located on Tubigan Point, which shelters the harbor of San José de Buenavista on the southwestern coast of Panay. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2334; NGA 14724.
Amparo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unlisted; white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped white metal and fiberglass tower. No photo is available. A resort called La Parola has been built around the lighthouse, and both resort and lighthouse are apparently too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located just above the beach at Amparo, about 32 km (20 mi) north of San José de Buenavista. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2335; NGA 14724.3.
Maniguin (Maningning) Island (1)
1906. Inactive. 30 m (99 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Keeper's house occupied by a resident keeper. A 2009 photo is at the top of this page, Mike Garcia has a view from the sea, and Google has a very distant satellite view of the location. This handsome American lighthouse has been abandoned recently. The lighthouse marks the Cuyo East Passage, a main shipping route south into the Sulu Sea. Located on a cliff on the southeastern tip of the island, 37 km (24 mi) northwest of Culasi, Panay. Island accessible by charter boats; it is a popular scuba diving destination. Site open, tower status unknown. ARLHS PHI-091.
Maniguin (Maningning) Island (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 58 m (191 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) white round cylindrical tower with flared top. A 2009 photo is at the top of this page. Located next to the historic lighthouse. Admiralty F2288; NGA 14500.

Aklan Province (Northwest Coast) Lighthouses
Afga (Apga) Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; two white flashes every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round barbell-shaped white metal and fiberglass tower. A closeup photo (halfway down the page) and a second closeup are available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Both the Admiralty and NGA spell the name as Apga Point. Located on a promontory at Tangalan on the western north coast of Panay. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2301; NGA 14626.
Floripon Point (Batan Point)
Date unknown (station established 1910). Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 11 m (36 ft) round hourglass-shaped white metal tower. A closeup photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the west side of the entrance to Batan Bay at New Washington on the central north coast of Panay. Site status unknown. ARLHS PHI-083; Admiralty F2302; NGA 14628.

Capiz Province (North Coast) Lighthouse
* Culasi Point (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 48 m (157 ft); flash every 7 s. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) hexagonal white aluminum tower with gallery. A closeup photo is at right, another closeup and a more distant view are available, and Google has a satellite view. Leo Crisologo has a photo taken from the gallery of the tower. NGA lists a 5 m (16 ft) concrete tower at this location. Located on a promontory at the entrance to the harbor of Roxas, the capital of Capiz Province in northeastern Panay. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2304; NGA 14632.
Culasi Point Light
Culasi Point Light, Roxas, April 2010
Flickr Creative Commons photo by traipsingchronicles

Iloilo Province (East Coast) Lighthouses
Manigonigo Island (2)
Date unknown (station established 1894). Active; focal plane 21 m (68 ft); white flash every 7 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) octagonal cylindrical tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Original 1-story keeper's house, unroofed and in ruins. A photo by Loyd Martinez is at right, another closeup and a more distant view are available, and Google has a satellite view. The original lighthouse was a steel tourelle prefabricated in France. Located on a small island about 6 km (4 mi) off the northeastern point of Panay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS PHI-090; Admiralty F2308; NGA 14644.
North Gigante Island (Gigantes) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1895). Active; focal plane 23 m (77 ft); white flash every 10 s. Approx. 18 m (59 ft) octagonal cylindrical tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Keeper's house falling into ruin. A 2013 photo and a 2015 view from the sea are available, Richard Jones has a distant view, and Jorgen Lindahl has another distant view, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Loyd Martinez reports that only the foundation remains of the original lighthouse, a prefabricated cast iron tourelle. Located on the northeastern tip of an island in the northwestern corner of the Visayan Sea about 25 km (15 mi) northeast of the northeastern point of Panay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS PHI-094; Admiralty F2294; NGA 14648.
* [Estancia]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 7 s. 10 m (33 ft) slender white fiberglass tower. The light is at the upper right in Eulogio Empio's photo of the port, and Bing has a satellite view. Located south of the pier in Estancia, a small fishing port near the northeastern corner of Panay. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2310; NGA 14656.

Manigonigo Island Light, November 2014
photo copyright Loyd Martinez; used by permission
Baliguian Island (2)
Date unknown (station established 1916). Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 7 s. 20 m (66 ft) octagonal cylindrical tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Raul Banias's photo is at right, and Bing has a distant satellite view. Baliguian is an inhabited island, although it has no tourist facilities. Located on the island, about 22 km (14 mi) east of Conception in northeastern Panay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS PHI-007; Admiralty F2314; NGA 14668.
Calabazas Island (1)
1895. Inactive. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical cast iron tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 1-story keeper's house. The light tower has collapsed in recent years, and the keeper's house is in ruins. The lighthouse was a prefabricated French cast iron tourelle. The Coast Guard has a fuzzy photo, and Klaus Huelse has a historic postcard view showing the original appearance of the lighthouse. Located adjacent to the modern light (next entry). ARLHS PHI-073.
Calabazas Island (2)
Date unknown (station established 1884). Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); green flash every 5 s. 20 m (66 ft) octagonal concrete tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. The 1-story keeper's house of the original light station survives in ruins. A 2010 photo is available, the Degree Confluence Project has a photo taken from the sea, and Google has a satellite view of the station. Located on an island southeast of Ajuy in northeastern Panay. Accessible only by boat, but apparently there is ferry service available from Ajuy. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS PHI-033; Admiralty F2316; NGA 14688.
Baliguian Island Light
Baliguian Island Light, Panay, April 2007
Flickr photo copyright Raul Banias; used by permission

Iloilo City Lighthouses
Iloilo River Entrance North
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); red flash every 4 s. 6 m (20 ft) vase-shaped red fiberglass tower on a square base. Edgar Ediza has a view from the harbor, Michael Gutib also has a view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the north side of the Iloilo River entrance in Iloilo City. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2326.2; NGA 14696.
* Iloilo River Entrance South
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); green flash every 4 s. 6 m (20 ft) vase-shaped green fiberglass tower on a square base. Michael Gutib has a view from the harbor, Edgar Ediza has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the south side of the Iloilo River entrance in Iloilo City. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2326; NGA 14700.

Guimaras Province Lighthouses

Note: Guimaras is an island province off the coast of Iloilo Province. The islands of Panay and Guimaras are separated by the narrow channel of the Iloilo Strait. Ferry transportation is available from Iloilo City to Buenavista, Guimaras. Formerly part of Iloilo Province, Guimaras became a separate province in 1992.
East Coast (Guimaras Strait) Lighthouse
Navalas Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; three white flashes every 6 s. Appro. 12 m (39 ft) round barbell-shaped fiberglass tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the northeastern tip of Guimaras. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2319; NGA 14694.

West Coast (Iloilo Strait) Lighthouses
Siete Pecados (1)
1904. Inactive. 10 m (33 ft) tower with lantern and gallery, attached to or mounted on a 1-story keeper's house. Lighthouse formerly painted white, but little paint remains. A photo by Loyd Martinez is at right, Glenn MacLang has a view from the sea, Rex Delsar Dianala also has a view from the sea, a photo of the lighthouse entrance is available, and Google has a satellite view of the station. Unlike the one at Calabazas (previous entries), this Spanish lighthouse is still standing, but it is in poor condition, covered with rust. "Siete Pecados" is Spanish for "Seven Sins." Located on the largest of 7 tiny islands off the northern tip of Guimaras Island, marking the entrance to Iloilo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS PHI-058.
Siete Pecados (2)
Date unknown (station established 1904). Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped white tower. A photo by Loyd Martinez is at right, the Coast Guard has a very fuzzy closeup photo, and Glenn MacLang has a view from the sea. Located adjacent to the historic lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2320; NGA 14692.
Bundolan Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 80 m (262 ft); white flash every 7 s. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) round barbell-shaped white metal and fiberglass tower. A distant view from the sea is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a steep promontory at Jordan, directly opposite the Iloilo waterfront. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2327; NGA 14702.
Sinapsapan Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped steel and fiberglass tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Google has a satellite view and a "street" view from the water. Located on a promontory, the western tip of Guimaras, near the village of Sinapsapin. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2329; NGA 14706.

Siete Pecados Light, Guimaras, July 2014
photo copyright Loyd Martinez; used by permission
* Lusaran Point (Guisi Point, Guimaras) (1)
1894. Inactive. 17.5 m (58 ft) cylindrical tower cast iron tower. Ruined 1-story stone keeper's house. J.L.V. Salazar has a closeup photo, Renz Ticsay has another photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view of the station. Gravely endangered: only the iron shell of the tower survives, and it looks about ready to collapse. Located on Guimaras island opposite Iloilo, next to the current Lusaran Point Light (next entry). Site open, tower open but not climbable. ARLHS PHI-121.
* Lusaran Point (Guisi Point, Guimaras) (2)
Date unknown. Inactive. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery. The lighthouse was probably painted white, although very little paint remains. Jon Mannion has a photo, Google has a street view, and the lighthouse can be seen in a panoramic view (pan to the right). Thanks to Jürgen Klinksiek for alerting me to the existence of this lighthouse; we need information on its history. Site open, tower closed.
* Lusaran Point (Guisi Point, Guimaras) (3)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 34 m (111 ft); white flash every 15 s. 11.5 m (38 ft) hourglass-shaped metal tower, painted white. Jazz Ramiro's photo at right shows the new tower and part of the ruins of the keeper's house, Renz Ticsay has a closeup photo, Gabiano Rogelio has a 2012 closeup, Abigail Regala has a photo, a panoramic view is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view of the station. Located on the southwestern point on Guimaras Island opposite the port of Iloilo, Panay, marking the southern entrance to Iloilo Strait and Harbor. Site status unknown. ARLHS PHI-047; Admiralty F2328; NGA 14708.
Lusaran Point Light
Lusaran (Guisi) Point Light, Guimaras, January 2006
photo copyright Jazz Ramiro; used by permission

Negros Occidental Province Lighthouses

Note: The fourth largest island of the Philippines, Negros is divided by a volcanic mountain range. Before 2015, the northwestern half of the island was in the Western Visayas Region and the southeastern half in the Central Visayas Region. The island has a population of nearly 4.5 million. The largest cities are the two provincial capitals, Bacolad in West Negros (Negros Occidental) and Damaguete in East Negros (Negros Oriental).
West Coast Lighthouses
Sojoton Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown but probably at least 30 m (98 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) round barbell-shaped white metal and fiberglass tower. A 2010 photo is available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located atop a high promontory at the southwestern corner of Negros, marking the south side of the entrance to the Panay Gulf from the Sulu Sea. Site probably open (the point is accessible by road), tower closed. Admiralty F2359.7; NGA 14717.
Pulupandan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 14 m (46 ft); two red flashes every 5 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped white metal and fiberglass tower. A view from the sea is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a pier at Pulupandan, a port and ferry terminal on the central west coast of Negros. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2359; NGA 14686.7.
Tomonton (Tomongtong) Point
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round barbell-shaped white metal and fiberglass tower. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a marshy point at the northwestern corner of Negros. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2357.7; NGA 14681.

Northeast Coast Lighthouses
Matabas Island
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped white metal and fiberglass tower. Minda Monica Ponce-Rodriguez has a distant view from the sea, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the northwest corner of a small but inhabited island on a reef off the northeastern corner of Negros. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2356.6; NGA 14750.
Escalante (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); continuous red light. 10 m (33 ft) white concrete (?) tower. No photo available, but a Google satellite view probably shows the lighthouse. NGA describes the light as being "on ruins of wharf in Danao River," but the wharf has been rebuilt and no longer carries the light. Escalante, at the northeastern corner of Negros, is the terminal for ferries to Tabuelan in Cebu. Located near the new wharf. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2356.4; NGA 14748.
Refugio Island (Sipaway Island)
1913. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); white flash every 7 s. 17 m (55 ft) "white steel tower" with "concrete dwelling." No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the northeastern shore of Refugio (Sipaway) Island, which protects the harbor of San Carlos City on the eastern coast of Negros. Site status unknown. ARLHS PHI-049; Admiralty F2354; NGA 14744.
* San Carlos (3)
Date unknown (station established 1913). Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); two red flashes every 10 s. Approx. 16 m (52 ft) round hourglass-shaped concrete tower, painted white. A photo is at right, Seth Villaflor has a view from the sea, and Google has a satellite view and Roy Espina's street view. The light lists descibe a much shorter tower. Located on the ferry pier at San Carlos. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2356; NGA 14740.
San Carlos Light
San Carlos Light, San Carlos, March 2010
Panoramio photo copyright Marlon "Villegas" Briones; used by permission

Negros Oriental Province Lighthouses

East Coast (Tañon Strait) Lighthouses
Guihulngan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); three white flashes every 12 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower. Entire lighthouse is white. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Google's satellite view of the town. Located in Guihulngan. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2352; NGA 14764.
Amlan (Amblan) Point
2008. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) "white metal tower." No photo available, but Google's satellite view shows a post supporting a large platform. This light marks the west side of the narrowest passage between Negros and Cebu. Located on a low point near the mouth of the Amlan River. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2348; NGA 14780.

South Coast (Bohol Sea and Sulu Sea) Lighthouses
* Dumaguete
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10.5 m (34 ft) square white concrete pillar mounted on a square base, with a stairway winding around the tower, rising from one end of a former passenger terminal building. A 2009 photo and a 2011 photo are available, and Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. The capital of Negros Oriental Province, Dumaguete is an important terminal for ferries crossing the Bohol Sea to Mindanao. Located on the wharf at Dumaguete. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2346; NGA 14732.
** [Apo Island (1)]
1917. Inactive since about 2005. 10.5 m (35 ft) concrete tower with gallery and external ladder, no lantern. 1-story keeper's house, abandoned. Edzel Rubite has a 2016 photo, and Georg Kramer has a photo of both lighthouses. Located at the highest point of the island southeast of Zamboanguita in southernmost Negros. The island is a popular resort, and the lighthouse is accessible by hiking trails. Site open, tower can be climbed.
* Apo Island (2)
2005(?) (station established 1917). Active; focal plane 130 m (428 ft); white flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) hourglass-shaped white fiberglass tower with gallery; access to the gallery is by an internal ladder. A photo is at right, Francis Kang has a photo, Philippe Le Bret has posted a photo, Robert Casaclang has a 2012 photo, and Google has a satellite view of the station. Located close to the old keeper's house. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2344; NGA 14796.
Antulang (Siaton Point)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; three white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Buildings nearby are presumably former keeper's cottages. A photo is available, but the light is not seen in Google's indistinct satellite view. Located at the southern tip of Negros. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2345; NGA 14730.
Cansilan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 5 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory on the southwest coast of Negros about 15 km (9 mi) west of Bayawan. Site open, tower closed. NGA 14729.
Apo Island Light
Apo Island Light, Bohol Sea, October 2008
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Lisa and Alec

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

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Adjoining pages: North: Eastern Philippines | East: Central Visayas | South: Northern Mindanao | West: Mindoro and Romblon Area

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Posted July 24, 2005. Checked and revised October 11, 2016. Lighthouses: 37. Site copyright 2016 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.