Lighthouses of Canada: Northeastern Québec

The Canadian province of Québec once had at least 275 lighthouses, but only about 80 remain today. A number of historic towers have been carefully restored, but lighthouse preservation as a whole has been a little slower to take hold in Québec than in the maritime provinces. This seems to be changing for the better, with reports of several recent preservation and restoration efforts. However, there is no province-wide preservation association.

This page lists lighthouses of the north shores of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the St. Lawrence estuary below Québec city. Most navigation in Québec is along the St. Lawrence. Below Québec city the river widens into an increasingly broad estuary (the largest estuary in the world). There are no bridges across this inland sea, so for land travelers the north shore of the estuary is remote from the south shore. The estuary empties into the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and Québec's territory extends for many miles along its north shore.

Many lighthouses are accessible from Québec highway 138, which follows the north shore of the St. Lawrence. The province plans to extend this highway all the way to the border of Labrador, but currently there is still a gap of some 425 km (264 mi) between Kegashka and Vieux-Fort.

Aids to navigation in Canada are maintained by the Canadian Coast Guard. In 2008, Parliament passed the Heritage Lighthouse Protection Act to designate and protect historic lighthouses. In 2010, the Coast Guard declared the great majority of lighthouses to be surplus, and there is fear that this may lead to the disposal and possible destruction of many lighthouses.

Special thanks to Michel Forand for his help in compiling these listings; in particular, he was the first person to inventory accurately on the Internet the range lighthouses of the middle St. Lawrence.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CCG numbers are from the Atlantic Coast list of the List of Lights, Buoys, and Fog Signals of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Admiralty numbers are from Volume H of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA numbers are from Publication 110.

General Sources
Quebec Canada Lighthouses
Photos and text, including travel directions, by Kraig Anderson.
Photos des Phares du Saint-Laurent
A Flickr.com collection of photos by Jean Goupil.
Lighthouses in Quebec
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
World of Lighthouses - Atlantic Coast of Canada
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Phares de la Côte-Nord/North Shore Lighthouses
Photos posted on Flickr.com by the Québec office of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans.
Phares du Québec
Historic postcard views posted by Michel Forand.
Phares/Lighthouses
Historic lighthouse photos posted on Flickr.com by the Québec office of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans.
Leuchttürme Kanadas auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard views posted by Klaus Huelse.

Haut-Fond Prince Light
Haut-fond Prince Light, July 2013
Flickr Creative Commons photo
by Caroline Robert

Côte-Nord (North Coast) Region Lighthouses

Golfe-du-St.-Laurent Municipality Lighthouses
* Blanc-Sablon Range Front (2)
Date unknown (station established 1939). Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); continuous white light visible only on the range line. 15.5 m (51 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying a rectangular orange daymark with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The range guides car ferries arriving in Blanc-Sablon from St. Barbe, Newfoundland. The rear light is on a shorter tower. The original light was in a 6 m (19 ft) square white tower; this lighthouse survived at least to 1980 and we do not when it was replaced. Located beside the coastal highway (QC 138) about 2 km (1.25 mi) southeast of Blanc-Sablon. Site open, tower closed. CCG 1524; Admiralty H0122; NGA 1020.
Île Greenly (3)
1983 (station established 1878). Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 15 s. 22 m (72 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with a square lantern room and gallery. The tower also carries an orange slatted daymark. Google has a good satellite view. This is the landfall light for Blanc-Sablon, the easternmost village of Québec on the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Forand has a historic postcard view of the original lighthouse, which was destroyed by fire in 1947. It was replaced by a skeletal tower in 1949 and then by the present tower in 1983. On 13 April 1928 the German aircraft Bremen landed on Île Greenly after the first successful east to west non-stop crossing of the Atlantic; an account of this flight has a photo of the historic lighthouse about halfway down the page. Located on the southwestern point of Île Greenly, about 8 km (5 mi) southwest of Blanc-Sablon. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS CAN-975; CCG 1528.9.
Île Plate (1)
1913. Inactive since 1979. 10 m (34 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern; tower painted white, lantern red. Keeper's houses demolished. Bing has only a distant satellite view of the island. The abandoned tower is certainly endangered. Located on an island on the north side of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence south of Saint-Augustin. Accessible only by boat; should be visible from ferry steamers serving the isolated villages along the north shore of the gulf. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-242.
Île Plate (2)
1979 (station established 1913). Active; focal plane 30 m (99 ft); white flash every 6 s. 24 m (80 ft) square steel skeletal tower with gallery. Located near the historic lighthouse. Site and tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. CCG 1543; Admiralty H1894; NGA 2840.
Baie de la Tabatière Outer Range Front (2)
1973 (?) (station established 1950). Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); continuous green light seen only on the range line. 30.5 m (100 ft) square pyramidal skeletal towercarrying a rectangular orange daymark with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The original lighthouse was a 23.5 m (77 ft) skeletal tower. Located on a steep bluff about 800 m (1/2 mi) north of La Tabatière. Site status unknown. CCG 1546; Admiralty H1891.2; NGA 2856.
Île Sainte-Marie (St. Mary Islands) (1)
1913. Inactive since 1981. Approx. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal cylindrical tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern painted red. A Coast Guard photo is at right, and Google has only a distant satellite view of the island. The active light (focal plane 42 m (138 ft); white flash every 2.5 s) is on a 16 m (52 ft) square skeletal tower. The abandoned tower is certainly endangered. Located on an island off a prominent cape guiding vessels into the northeastern corner of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS CAN-243; CCG 1562; Admiralty H1904; NGA 2932.
Rochers au Cormoran (Île aux Cormorans, Cape Whittle) (3?)
1970s (station established 1928). Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); white flash every 15 s. 15.5 m (51 ft) square skeletal tower. A small photo of the station shows the second (?) tower and a newer one, and Bing has a satellite view. The original lighthouse was a square wood tower. Cape Whittle is the point on the northwest side of the entrance to the northeastern extension of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Located on a small island off the point of the cape. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS CAN-776; CCG 1563; Admiralty H1906; NGA 2940.

1913 Île Sainte-Marie Light, Harrington Harbour, undated
Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans photo
[Pointe de Natashquan (1)]
1914. Lighthouse destroyed in 1995. 9.5 m (31 ft) square skeletal tower. This was a 9 m (30 ft) hexagonal concrete tower, buttressed at the corners, with lantern and gallery. In 1992, as the lighthouse was threatened by erosion of the cliff on which it stood, the light was moved to a 9 m (30 ft) square skeletal tower. Google has a very distant satellite view of the location. The historic lighthouse could have been saved by moving it back from the cliff, but it was abandoned to its fate and collapsed over the edge in 1995. Anderson has a photo of the lighthouse lying on the beach at the base of the cliff. One small building survives at the station. The light on the skeletal tower was discontinued in 2006, although it is still listed by NGA. Located on a prominent cape about 13 km (8 mi) southeast of Natashquan. Site open. ARLHS CAN-336; ex-Admiralty H1912; NGA 3004.

Minganie Municipality: Île d'Anticosti Lighthouses
Note: The Île d'Anticosti is an island in the mouth of the St. Lawrence estuary. It is quite large, almost 220 km (135 mi) long, but its permanent population is less than 300. Port-Menier, on the south coast near the west end of the island, is the only settlement of any size. Anticosti is accessible in the summer by air or by car ferry from Rivière-au-Renard on the Gaspé Peninsula or from Havre St.-Pierre on the north shore of the St. Lawrence. The Route Transanticosti, a rough gravel road, runs the length of the island; 4WD vehicles are strongly recommended. Several companies offer ecotours that include stops at one or more lighthouses. The island is administered as part of the Minganie Regional County Municipality.
#Pointe Heath
1835. Inactive since 1965 at least. Ruins of a demolished 40.5 m (133 ft) masonry tower. No photo available; Google has a very distant satellite view of the point. The navigational light was shown from a skeletal tower from 1965 to 2002, but the skeletal tower was demolished in 2003. Today a 123 m (403 ft) skeletal tower carries aviation beacons (white flashes every 1.5 s) at focal planes of 128 and 68 m (420 and 223 ft). Located at the easternmost point of Île d'Anticosti. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Owner: Environnement Québec. Site manager: Pointe Heath Ecological Reserve. ARLHS CAN-986; ex-CCG 1513.1; NGA 3130.
Escarpement Bagot (Bagot Bluff) (2)
1912 (station established 1871). Inactive since 1980. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) pyramidal concrete tower with flying buttresses; lantern removed. Active light on a 15 m (50 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower (focal plane 19.5 m (64 ft); white flash every 6 s). Keeper's houses demolished in 1989. Charlie Drody has a 2008 photo, and Bing has a satellite view. The original lighthouse was a hexagonal wood tower. The abandoned tower is certainly endangered. Located near Pointe du Sud on the southeast coast of Île d'Anticosti. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-172; CCG 1514; Admiralty H1864; NGA 3132.
Pointe du Sud-Ouest (Southwest Point) (1)
1831. Inactive since 1959. 24 m (80 ft) stone tower, formerly with lantern and gallery and painted white with two horizontal red bands. Critically endangered. The abandoned lighthouse is falling quickly into ruins; Anderson's photos show that the top of the tower has collapsed, dropping the lantern to the ground. Marc Serre's 2008 photo is at right, an October 2006 closeup photo showed the poor condition of the lighthouse at that time, Franco Velo has a 2010 photo, and Bing has a satellite view. The active light is on a 15 m (50 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower (focal plane 21 m (68 ft); white flash every 6 s) built in 1972. Located on the point, in the middle of the south side of Île d'Anticosti. Accessible only by boat. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-398; CCG 1515; Admiralty H1866; NGA 3136.
Pointe du Sud-Ouest
Pointe du Sud-Ouest Light, Île d'Anticosti, August 2008
Flickr photo copyright Marc Serre; used by permission

* Baie Ellis Range Front
1906. Inactive since about 1986. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical cast iron tower with gallery, painted white. Google has a distant satellite view. The active light is on a 9 m (30 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower displaying a continuous green light only on the range line (focal plane 12 m (40 ft)). The abandoned tower is rusting and clearly endangered. Prefabricated by Sauter & Harle, this lighthouse is a typical French tourelle, one of only a few such towers surviving in North America. Both towers were relocated in 1927 due to a change in the channel alignment; Forand has a historic postcard view of the lighthouse at its original location. The lantern of this light was moved to the rear lighthouse (next entry) in 1989. Located at Port-Menier, the island's only protected anchorage. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: unknown. ARLHS CAN-958; CCG 1519; Admiralty H1870; NGA 3144.
* Baie Ellis Range Rear
1906. Inactive since about 1986. 16 m (52 ft) round cylindrical cast iron tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Lighthouse Explorer has a good closeup photo by Katherine McIntyre, and Google has a distant satellite view. The active light is on a 15 m (50 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower displaying a continuous green light only on the range line (focal plane 26 m (86 ft)). The abandoned tower is rusting and clearly endangered. Prefabricated by Sauter & Harle, this lighthouse is a typical French tourelle, one of only a few such towers surviving in North America. Both towers were relocated in 1927 due to a change in the channel alignment; Forand has a historic postcard view of the lighthouse at its original location. The lighthouse was taken down, repaired, and placed on a new foundation in 1989, but its lantern was damaged in the process. The lantern from the front light was then placed on the refurbished tower. Located at Port-Menier, the island's only protected anchorage. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: unknown. ARLHS CAN-959; CCG 1520; Admiralty H1870.1; NGA 3148.
* [Pointe de l'Ouest (West Point) (1)]
1858. Inactive since 1967. Ruins of a 34 m (112 ft) stone tower. A historic photo of the tower is available, and Forand has a 1930 postcard view.
* Pointe de l'Ouest (West Point) (2)
1967. Active; focal plane 27 m (88 ft); white flash every 5 s. 18 m (60 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery. Two 1-story wood keeper's cottages (1950s) survive and are available for vacation rental. René Bourque has a good photo of the station, and Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located at the westernmost point of the island; accessible by road from Port-Menier. Site open, tower closed. Owner: Canadian Coast Guard. Site manager: Auberge de la Pointe-Ouest. ARLHS CAN-525; CCG 1523; Admiralty H1878; NGA 3160.
* Cap de Rabast (Pointe-Nord)
1919. Active; focal plane 24 m (78 ft); three white flashes, separated by 5 s, every 30 s. 22 m (72 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern is red. 2-story wood duplex keeper's house. A 2008 view is available, and Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Gerard Barriault has a page on the history of the station, where his father was once the keeper. The keeper's house is managed by Pourvoire Lac Geneviéve d'Anticosti and is available for vacation rental. Located on the northernmost point of the island about 25 km (15 mi) northeast of Port-Menier. Site open, tower closed. Owner: Canadian Coast Guard. Site manager: Pourvoire Lac Geneviéve d'Anticosti. ARLHS CAN-084; CCG 1602; Admiralty H1882; NGA 3164.
* Pointe Carleton
1919. Active; focal plane 38.5 m (126 ft); green flash every 6 s. 12 m (40 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern is red. 2-story wood keeper's quarters. A Parcs Québec photo is at right, Goupil has a good photo (also with a deer), Gerard Barriault has another photo, a good closeup is available, and Google has a good satellite view. The keeper's houses were formerly available for vacation rentals, but they have been abandoned since 2006. Located in the middle of the north coast of the island; accessible by road from Port-Menier. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-395; CCG 1601; Admiralty H1884; NGA 3168.
** Cap de la Table (Table Head)
1919. Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); red flash every 6 s. 12 m (40 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern is red. Two 2-story wood keeper's houses (1960) were demolished in 2011. Bing has a partly clouded satellite view. The light station is used by a tour company to provide overnight accommodations for tourists. Located on the northeast coast of the island. Site open, tower closed. Owner: Canadian Coast Guard. Site manager: Safari Anticosti. ARLHS CAN-082; CCG 1600; Admiralty H1886; NGA 3172.
Pointe Carleton Light
Pointe Carleton Light, Île d'Anticosti, September 2004
Flickr
photo by Parcs Québec

Minganie Municipality: Mainland Coast and Mingan Archipelago Lighthouses
Note: The Mingan Archipelago (Archipel-de-Mingan) is a chain of ragged, mostly small islands extending for 175 km (110 mi) along the north coast of the St. Lawrence estuary across from the Île d'Anticosti. The islands are included in the Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve and are administered as part of the Minganie Regional County Municipality.
[Île Joncas (Petite Natashquan) (2)]
1969 (station established 1906). Active; focal plane 13.5 m (44 ft); green light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 9.5 m (31 ft) square skeletal tower. This light replaced a 10 m (33 ft) square wood tower with lantern and gallery that was swept away in a winter storm in 1969. A 2004 photo does not show the light, but it does show a small service building seen in Google's satellite view. Located at the southeast end of a small island in the entrance to the harbor of Natashquan. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS CAN-1141; CCG 1576; Admiralty H1914; NGA 3008.
Petite Île au Marteau (2)
1955 (station established 1915). Inactive since about 1976. 11.5 m (38 ft) octagonal concrete (?) tower, painted white; lantern is red. A photo of the station is at right, Goupil has a closeup and a photo of the station, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. In 2005 Parks Canada allocated $125,000 to begin restoration of the two Mingan Archipelago lighthouses. Eventually some $2 million was spent on restoration and site improvements, including expanded wharf and visitor facilities. The project was completed in October 2010. Located on an island a few miles southeast of Havre-St.-Pierre. Island accessible only by boat; transportation is available in Havre-St.-Pierre, and a hiking trail leads to the lighthouse. Site open, tower closed. Owner: Canadian Coast Guard. Site manager: Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve. ARLHS CAN-375.
Petite Île au Marteau (3)
1976 (station established 1915). Active; focal plane 28.5 m (94 ft); white flash every 2.5 s. 25.5 m (84 ft) square pyramidal steel skeletal tower. Goupil has a photo of the station. Located near the historic lighthouse. Site open, tower closed. Owner: Canadian Coast Guard. Site manager: Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve. CCG 1585; Admiralty H1934; NGA 3048.
* Havre-St.-Pierre Range Rear (3?)
Date unknown (station established 1907). Active; focal plane 24.5 m (80 ft); continuous red light seen only on the range line. 18.5 m (61 ft) square skeletal mast carrying a trapezoidal slatted daymark colored orange with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. The front light is on a similar tower 11 m (36 ft) tall. The original light was on a mast. Located north of the Rue Boréale and east of the Avenue Anticoste in a residential neighborhood of Havre St.-Pierre. Site status unknown, but the light is easy to see from nearby streets. CCG 1588; Admiralty H1936.1; NGA 3056.
Petite Île au Marteau Light
Petite Île au Marteau Light, Havre St.-Pierre, 2009
Québec Ministère de la Culture photo by Jean-François Rodrigue
Pointe aux Esquimaux (Eskimo Point) Range Rear
1951 (?) (station established 1907). Active; focal plane 23.5 m (77 ft); continuous red light seen only on the range line. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a trapezoidal slatted daymark colored orange with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. The front light is on a similar tower 12 m (39 ft) tall. The original light was on a mast. Pointe aux Esquimaux is the location of the port facilities of Havre St.-Pierre. Located a short distance northwest of the point. Site status unknown, but the light is easy to see from nearby streets. CCG 1591; Admiralty H1940.1; NGA 3092.
Île du Fantôme (Fright Island) Entrance Range Rear
1950. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); continuous green light seen only on the range line. 18.5 m (61 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a trapezoidal slatted daymark colored orange with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. The range guides ferries arriving in Havre-St.-Pierre in a channel between the Île du Fantôme and the Île du Havre. Located a short distance northwest of the point. Site status unknown, but the light is easy to see from nearby streets. CCG 1593; Admiralty H1943.1; NGA 3084.
* Havre de Mingan Eastern Entrance Range Rear (3?)
Date unknown (station established 1927). Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); continuous green light seen only on the range line. 21 m (62 ft) square skeletal mast carrying a trapezoidal slatted daymark colored orange with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. The front light is on a similar tower 12.5 m (41 ft) tall. The harbor of Mingan is sheltered behind an island and can be approached from either end of the island. Located on the south side of QC 138 in Mingan. Site status unknown, but the light is easy to see from nearby streets. CCG 1605; Admiralty H1946.1; NGA 3112.
Île aux Perroquets (2)
1951 (station established 1888). Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10.5 m (35 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted white; lantern is red. 1-1/2 story wood keeper's house. A photo is at right, Jean-Sebastien Chouinard has a 2008 closeup photo, Romeo St.-Cyr has a closeup, Jean-François Petit has a photo of the station, and Google has a satellite view of the station. A historic photo of the 1888 lighthouse is also available. In 2005 Parks Canada allocated $125,000 to begin restoration of the two Mingan Archipelago lighthouses. In 2014, this became the first Québec lighthouse to receive the heritage designation. Also in 2014, the lighthouse was transferred to the Corporation de l'Île aux Perroquets, which opened the keeper's house for overnight stays. Located on an island off the north shore near Longue-Pointe, west of Mingan. Accessible only by boat; ecotours of the area are available. Site open, tower closed. Owner: Canadian Coast Guard. Site manager: Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve. ARLHS CAN-236; CCG 1608; Admiralty H1958; NGA 3124.

Sept-Rivières Municipality Lighthouses
Île du Corossol (Carousel Island, Sept-Îles) (2)
1953 (station established 1876). Inactive since 1988. 17 m (56 ft) octagonal concrete (?) tower, painted white; lantern is red. 1-1/2 story wood keeper's house and other buildings. A photo is at the bottom of this page, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. Endangered by abandonment, the lighthouse is deteriorating. The first nation council of Uashat-Maliotenam is interested in restoring the buildings as a tourist attraction, but funds are lacking. Located on an island off the entrance to Sept-Îles. Accessible only by boat; boat tours out of Sept-Îles sometimes pass the site. Site and tower closed (important bird nesting area). Owner: Ministry of Indian and Northern Affairs. Site manager: Canadian Wildlife Service (Île du Corossol Migratory Bird Sanctuary). ARLHS CAN-239.
Île aux Perroquets Light
Île aux Perroquets Light, Mingan, 2013
Parks Canada photo
Île du Corossol (Carousel Island, Sept-Îles) (3)
1988 (station established 1876). Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 2.5 s. 18 m (60 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. A photo is at the bottom of this page. Located near the historic lighthouse. Owner: Canadian Coast Guard. CCG 1658; Admiralty H1990; NGA 3196.
Île du Grand Caouis (Great Cawee Island) (2)
1955 (station established 1927). Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) octagonal concrete (?) tower, painted white; lantern is red. Bing has a satellite view. The keeper's house was demolished after the station was automated in 1970; foundation ruins remain. Located on an island off the north shore about 50 km (30 mi) south of Port-Cartier. Accessible only by boat. Site status uncertain. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-240; CCG 1686; Admiralty H2010; NGA 3280.
Île aux Oeufs (Egg Island) (2)
1955 (station established 1871). Inactive since 2003. 11 m (36 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted white; lantern is red. Keeper's house demolished in the 1970s. Bing has a satellite view of the station. According to Robert Giroux of the Canadian Coast Guard, this lighthouse was deactivated in October 2003 but there are no plans to demolish it. It is still listed by NGA. Located on an island off Port-Cartier. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-235; ex-Admiralty H2018; NGA 3284.

Manicouagan Municipality Lighthouse
**** Pointe des Monts
1830. Inactive since 2000. 27.5 m (90 ft) round stone tower with a small square lantern room perched on a platform-like gallery. Lighthouse painted white with two broad red horizontal bands; lantern is also red. 1-1/2 story keeper's house and several other light station buildings. Yves Galipeau's photo is at right, Anderson has a good page with several photos, Fred Lefebvre has another good photo, a nice 2007 photo is available, Forand has a historic postcard view, Huelse has a historic postcard view, Google has a street view, and Bing has a good satellite view. This magnificent lighthouse is one of Canada's oldest and most famous. The 7 floors of the tower are a museum; the keeper's house is operated as a restaurant. There is a bed and breakfast inn as well as cottages and camping facilities on site. The lighthouse was saved from demolition in 1964 by Jacques Landry and his wife, the final keepers; it was transferred to the government of Québec in 1965. The area is accessible via QC 138 from Québec city or by ferry from Matane on the south shore. Located about 4 km (2.5 mi) southwest of Baie Trinité off QC 138 at the end of the Chemin de la Pointe des Monts. Accessible by a footbridge about 45 m (150 ft) long. Site open; tower open daily early June to mid September. Owner: Québec Ministère de la Culture et des Communication. Site manager: Gîte du Phare de Pointe-des-Monts. ARLHS CAN-396; ex-Admiralty H2024.
[Pointe Saint-Pancrace (2)]
Date unknown (station established 1925). Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) square skeletal tower with rectangular orange daymark on two faces. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The original lighthouse had a lantern atop a keeper's house. Located on a prominent headland about 5 km (3 mi) northeast of Baie-Comeau. Site status unknown. ARLHS CAN-987; CCG 1709; Admiralty H2050; NGA 3304.
Pointe de Manicouagan (2)
Date unknown (station established 1975). Active; focal plane 36 m (118 ft); white flash every 6 s. 30.5 m (100 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower. Google has a street view and a satellite view. This light marks a very prominent cape. The present tower replaced a triangular skeletal tower of similar height. Located beside the Rue Granier about 16 km (10 mi) south of Baie-Comeau. Site open, tower closed. CCG 1719; Admiralty H2056; NGA 3336.

Pointe des Monts Light, Baie Trinité, July 2009
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by Yves Galipeau

La-Haute-Côte-Nord (Upper North Coast) Municipality Lighthouse
*** Bon Désir (2)
1957 (station established 1941). Active; focal plane 44.5 m (146 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10.5 m (35 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted white; lantern is red. Goupil has a photo, a closeup photo is available, and Google has a very distant satellite view. This readily accessible light station is also a popular site for whale watching. Gift shop and ample parking provided. Located at the end of the Chemin du Cap-Bon-Désir, off QC 138 about 3 km (2 mi) east of Grandes-Bergeronnes. Site open, interpretive center open daily mid June through mid October, tower closed. Owner: Canadian Coast Guard. Site manager: Parc Marin du Saguenay-St. Laurent (Centre d'Interprétation et d'Observation de Cap-de-Bon-Désir). ARLHS CAN-080; CCG 1755; Admiralty H2093; NGA 3396.
Île Rouge (Red Islet)
1848. Active; focal plane 20 m (65 ft); white flash every 10 s. 19.5 m (64 ft), 4-story round cylindrical limestone tower incorporating keeper's quarters, unpainted; lantern is red. Caroline Robert's photo is at right, Maxime Chevalier has a view from the St. Lawrence, and the Coast Guard has a photo taken about 1990, but the island is barely visible in Google's satellite view. This was one of the last staffed stations on the St. Lawrence, automated in 1988. For a number of years the station was available for vacation rental, but it has been abandoned since the late 1990s. Located on an island in the middle of the St. Lawrence off Tadoussac and the mouth of the Rivière Saguenay. Accessible only by boat; visible from whale-watching tours out of Tadoussac. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-245; CCG 1770; Admiralty H2104; NGA 3432.
Haut-fond Prince (Prince Shoal)
1964 (lightship station established 1905). Active; focal plane 25 m (83 ft); white flash every 2.5 s. Approx. 14 m (45 ft) round cylindrical steel (?) tower rising from 1-story circular keeper's house, all mounted on a vase-shaped caisson. Tower painted with red and white horizontal bands; lantern and keeper's house painted white. Fog horn (blast every 20 s) sounds only on radio command from passing vessels. Caroline Robert's photo is at the top of this page, Blake Maybank has a nice 2010 photo, Tom Duryea also has a photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Built at Champlain Drydock in Lévis, opposite Québec city, this modern structure replaced a lightship in marking the shoal at the entrance to the Rivière Saguenay off Tadoussac. Located in the St. Lawrence at the mouth of the Saguenay. Accessible only by boat; visible from whale-watching tours out of Tadoussac. Site and tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-223; CCG 1773; Admiralty H2106; NGA 3436.
Île Rouge Light
Île Rouge Light, Tadoussac, August 2006
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Caroline Robert

Saguenay - Lac-St.-Jean Region Lighthouses

Le Fjord-du-Saguenay (Saguenay River) Lighthouses
Note: The lower Saguenay River is a deep fjord; tides penetrate as far upriver as Saguenay, about 100 km (60 mi) from the mouth. Only one of the historic lighthouses built to guide navigation on the Saguenay survives; Anderson's page has notes on some of the others.
Cap à l'Est
1909. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 6 s. 8 m (27 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower, painted white; lantern is red. Erik Ledroit has a closeup photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a prominent cape on the the north side of the Saguenay in the parish municipality of Sainte-Rose-du-Nord, off QC 172 about 40 km (25 mi) east of Chicoutimi. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-963; CCG 1798; Admiralty H2142; NGA 3532.
Rivière Valin Range Front (3?)
1977 (?) (station established 1873). Active; focal plane 27.5 m (90 ft); continuous white light seen only on the range line. 26 m (85 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower carrying an orange trapezoidal daymark with a black vertical stripe. Dennis Beaulieu's photo is at right, and Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. This is an upstream (westbound) range. The rear light is on a much shorter tower. Located on the north side of the river off the Rue Valin, on the east side of the mouth of the Valin River about 10 km (6 mi) northeast of Saguenay. Site and tower closed (private property) but the light can be seen from the road. ARLHS CAN-1167; CCG 1805; Admiralty H2143.3; NGA 3584.
Rivière Valin Range Rear (2)
1908 (station established 1893). 6 m (20 ft) square wood tower with lantern painted white with red trim and and a red band around the lantern. This was originally a 19.5 m (64 ft) square skeletal tower topped by a square wood watch room and lantern. The watch room and lantern have been relocated to private property next to the modern front range light. Dennis Beaulieu's photo is at right. Site and tower closed (private property). ARLHS CAN-1168.
[Rivière du Caribou Range Front (4?)]
Date unknown (station established 1873). Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); continuous white light. 12.5 m (41 ft) skeletal mast carrying a trapezoidal slatted daymark painted red with a black vertical stripe. The rear light is on a similar tower 9.5 m (31 ft) tall. Both lights are seen in a Google street view but not in a satellite view. The original lighthouse was a small square wood tower; it was replaced by a taller wood tower in 1913. The rear light was originally on a mast; it was replaced by a skeletal tower with enclosed watch room in 1912. Both lighthouses were removed in the late 1970s. Located beside QC 172 about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) west of the Rivière Valin Front Light. Site and tower closed (private property) but the lights can be seen from the road. Front: ARLHS CAN-1162; Admiralty H2143.4; CCG 1808; NGA 3592. Rear: ARLHS CAN-1163; Admiralty H2143.5; CCG 1809; NGA 3596.
Rivière Valin Range Lights
Rivière Valin Front Light (left) and
lantern of former rear light, Saguenay, July 2007
Panoramio photo copyright Denis Beaulieu; permission requested
[Simard Range Front (3?)]
Date unknown (station established 1912). Active; focal plane 9 m (29 ft); continuous green light. 8 m (26 ft) skeletal mast carrying a trapezoidal slatted daymark painted red with a black vertical stripe. The rear light is on a similar tower 12.5 m (41 ft) tall. Google has street views of the front and rear lights, and the tower cast long, thin shadows in Google's satellite view. The original front lighthouse was a square wood tower; the rear lighthouse was a skeletal tower with lantern and gallery. Located beside QC 172 a short distance southwest of the Rivière du Caribou range lights. Site and tower closed (private property) but the lights can be seen from the road. Front: ARLHS CAN-1191; Admiralty H2143.6; CCG 1811; NGA 3608. Rear: Admiralty H2143.7; CCG 1812; NGA 3612.
Poste St.-Martin Range Rear (4?)
1977 (?) (station established 1873). Active; focal plane 54 m (177 ft); continuous white light seen only on the range line. 19 m (62 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying an orange trapezoidal daymark with a black vertical stripe. Google has a distant street view, but trees hide the light in Google's satellite view. This is an upstream (westbound) range. The original rear light was only 277 m (910 ft) northwest of the front tower. This separation was increased to 628 m (2060 ft) in 1907. Today the rear light is across the river, 3322 m (2.06 mi) from the front light. Located on the north side of the river off highway 172 at the eastern edge of Saguenay. Site and tower closed (private property) but the light can be seen from the road. ARLHS CAN-1158; CCG 1802; Admiralty H2143.1; NGA 3572.
Poste St.-Martin Range Front (4?)
1977 (?) (station established 1873). Active; focal plane 23.5 m (77 ft); continuous white light seen only on the range line. 22 m (72 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying an orange trapezoidal daymark with a black vertical stripe. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the south side of the river off Rang St.-Martin about 6 km (3.5 mi) northeast of Saguenay. Site and tower closed (private property) but the light can be seen from the road. ARLHS CAN-1157; CCG 1801; Admiralty H2143; NGA 3568.

Capitale-Nationale Region Lighthouses

Charlevoix-Est Municipality Lighthouses
* [Pointe Noire Range Front (4)]
Date unknown (station established 1875). Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); continuous light, white or green depending on direction. 11.5 m (37 ft) square skeletal mast carrying a large trapezoidal daymark painted orange with a black vertical stripe. Square 1-story equipment building. Alexander Krutzke has a photo of the station, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. This is an entrance range for the Saguenay fjord. The first lighthouse was destroyed by fire. The second, a square wood tower, was deactivated in 1880 but reactivated in 1903. It was replaced by a skeletal tower in 1952, and the present tower was built in 1997. Parks Canada maintains a parking area and lookout tower at Pointe Noire, the south side of the entrance to the Saguenay. Located on the point below the lookout tower. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS CAN-399; CCG 1779; Admiralty H2112; NGA 3464.
[Pointe Noire Range Rear (3)]
Date unknown (station established 1875). Active; focal plane 43.5 m (143 ft); continuous white light. 9 m (30 ft) square skeletal mast carrying a large trapezoidal daymark painted orange with a black vertical stripe. Lighthouse Explorer has a Coast Guard photo, but the tower is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located on a steep slope 427 m (1400 ft) west of the front light. Site status unknown. ARLHS CAN-1129; CCG 1780; Admiralty H2112.1; NGA 3468.
Cap de la Tête au Chien
1909. Active; focal plane 63 m (207 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 11 m (37 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with a large circular lantern; tower painted white, lantern red. Goupil has a good photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located atop a bluff in Baie-des-Rochers, north of Saint-Siméon. Inaccessible, though visible distantly from QC 138 and from ferries between Saint-Siméon and Rivière-du-Loup. Site and tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-083; CCG 1834; Admiralty H2166; NGA 3652.
* [Saint-Siméon (3?)]
Date unknown (station established 1906). Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); red light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower. Bruno Gallant has a photo, and Bing has a satellite view. The original lighthouse had a lantern centered on a pierhead building; Anderson has a photo from the national archives and Michel Corboz also has a photo (misidentified as Pointe-au-Pic). The building was removed by around 1970. Located at the end of the pier at Saint-Siméon. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. CCG 1835; Admiralty H2168; NGA 3656.
Cap au Saumon
1894. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 14 m (46 ft) octagonal pyramidal tower, painted white with red trim; lantern is red. 1-1/2 story keeper's house and other buildings. Samuel Bouchard's photo is at right, Anderson has a good page for the lighthouse, and Michel Desmeules has a view from the river, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. In 2003 the station was leased to Peter Noreau, who formed the private Corporation du Phare de Cap-au-Saumon to restore the keeper's house and other buildings. Located on the cape about 5 miles south of Saint-Siméon. Difficult to reach from the land due to the steep slope, but Noreau has opened a trail for hikers. Site open, tower closed. Owner: Canadian Coast Guard. Site manager: private. ARLHS CAN-078; CCG 1836; Admiralty H2182; NGA 3660.
Pointe-au-Pic (3)
Date unknown (station established 1882). Active; focal plane 19.5 m (64 ft); red flash every 6 s. 18.5 m (61 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. The original light was a lantern mounted on the pier's passenger station. This light was (and is) on the pier of the Manoir Richelieu hotel, a popular resort. The McCord Museum has a historic photo taken about 1912. Located about 1.5 km (1 mi) south of La Malbaie (Murray Bay). Site status unknown. ARLHS CAN-1250; CCG 1844; Admiralty H2194; NGA 3676.
Phare de Cap au Saumon
Cap au Saumon Light, Saint-Siméon, October 2007
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Samuel Bouchard

Charlevoix Municipality Lighthouses
* [Cap aux Oies (Goose Cape) (2)]
Date unknown (station established 1876). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 6 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower. Christian Veillet has a photo that also shows the foundation pads of the earlier lighthouse, and a closeup is available, but the slender tower is not seen in Bing's cloudy satellite view. An inn with a restaurant and overnight accommodations is close to the light station. Located on a cape about 10 km (6 mi) east of Les Éboulements. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS CAN-079; CCG 1849; Admiralty H2202; NGA 3680.
[Cap Saint-Joseph (Saint-Joseph-de-la-Rive, Les Éboulements) (3?)]
Date unknown (station established 1882). Active; focal plane 13.5 m (44 ft); green light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 11 m (36 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower. Alain Corri has a photo, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. The original light was a lantern atop a pierhead shed; the McCord Museum has a historic photo taken about 1898. Located on the pier for the ferry to the Île aux Coudres at St.-Joseph-de-la-Rive. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS CAN-1322; CCG 1849.5; Admiralty H2204; NGA 3684.
Cap aux Corbeaux Range Front
Date unknown (station established 1915). Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); continuous white light seen only along the range line to the southwest; a second continuous white light is visible to vessels approaching from the east. 30.5 m (100 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower. The light is at the left edge of Michael Boucher's photo below right, and Google has a satellite view. The rear light is on a 7.5 m (25 ft) skeletal tower. Located on the riverbank about 5 km (3 mi) west of St.-Joseph-de-la-Rive. Site status unknown. CCG 1852; Admiralty H2218; NGA 3688.
Pointe de la Prairie (Île aux Coudres) (2)
1972 (station established 1931). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 5 s. 17 m (55 ft) tall: short round cylindrical steel tower with lantern topped by a helipad, all mounted on a conical concrete base. Michael Boucher's photo is at right, Tom Duryea has a good photo, a winter photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. The crumbling base of the lighthouse was repaired in 2004. Located on a tiny islet just off the Île aux Coudres opposite Baie Saint-Paul. Visible distantly from the Île aux Coudres ferry and more closely from the end of the Chemin des Prairies (an unpaved bicycle path) on the island. Site and tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-234; CCG 1851; Admiralty H2208; NGA 3700.
Banc du Cap Brûlé Upstream Range Rear (2)
1965 (station established 1931). Active; focal plane 29 m (96 ft); continuous white light visible only on the range line. 20 m (65 ft) round cylindrical tower, painted with orange and white horizontal bands, mounted at the edge of a circular pier. The pier, painted orange, also carries 1-story equipment building and a helipad, plus the Downstream Range Front Light atop a 9 m (29 ft) slatted daymark painted orange with a black vertical stripe. Martin Magnan has a photo, a good closeup is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located in the river off Cap Brulé, which is on the north bank about 18 km (11 mi) northeast of Beaupré. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-1138; CCG 1901; Admiralty H2262.1; NGA 3780.
Banc du Cap Brûlé Downstream Range Rear (2)
1965 (station established 1931). Active; focal plane 23 m (76 ft); continuous white light visible only on the range line. 17 m (55 ft) round cylindrical tower, painted white with an orange band at the top, mounted at the edge of a circular pier. The pier, painted orange, also carries a helipad and a small equipment building, plus the Upstream Range Front Light atop a 9 m (29 ft) slatted daymark painted ornage with a black vertical stripe. A 2008 photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Lighthouse Digest has a 1943 photo of the lower part of the original pillar. Located in the river off Cap Brulé, which is on the north bank about 18 km (11 mi) northeast of Beaupré. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-1004; CCG 1899; Admiralty H2261.1; NGA 3752.
Pointe de la Prairie Light
Pointe de la Prairie Light, Baie St.-Paul, October 2014
Cap aux Corbeaux Range Front (left) and Rear Lights onshore
photo copyright Michael Boucher; used by permission

Information available on lost lighthouses:

  • Anse Saint-Jean (ca. 1890 - after 1915), Saguenay River. The McCord Museum has a photo from about 1900; at this time the light was on a pole. The light was moved atop the pierhead shed in 1915.
  • Baie des Moutons Range Front and Rear (1929-1985), north shore Gulf of St. Lawrence. Lighthouse Digest has photos of the present front and rear lights, both on skeletal masts. ARLHS CAN-1133 and 1134; CCG 1551-52; Admiralty H1896-96.1; NGA 2876 and 2880.
  • Baie Saint-Paul (1876-?), north side lower St. Lawrence River opposite the Île aux Coudres. There is no longer a light at this location. ARLHS CAN-868.
  • Cap Brûlé (1870-?), north side lower St. Lawrence River. There is a small skeletal beacon here today. ARLHS CAN-962; Admiralty H2259; CCG 1902; NGA 3772.
  • Cap Brûlé Range Front and Rear (1875-1972), north side lower St. Lawrence River. See Anderson's Banc du Cap Brulé page. The range was discontinued in 1972, and nothing remains of the light stations. ARLHS CAN-1150 and 1151.
  • Grosse Roche (1906-?), Saguenay River about 20 km (13 mi) from the mouth. Anderson has a historic photo. There is no longer a light at this location. ARLHS CAN-819.
  • Île Blanche Pillar (1956-1980), center of the St. Lawrence River off Cacouna. This lighthouse was demolished and replaced by a buoy (CCG 1823.8). ARLHS CAN-974.
  • Îles de Mai (1910-?), north shore Gulf of St. Lawrence near Port-Cartier. Nothing remains of this light station. ARLHS CAN-1112.
  • Lark Islet (Îlet aux Alouettes) (1872-1910), St. Lawrence River off the entrance to the Saguenay fjord. Anderson has a historic photo. This lighthouse was replaced by a buoy (CCG 1178). ARLHS CAN-1119.
  • Portneuf-sur-Mer (Portneuf en Bas) (1873-1971), St. Lawrence River. The original lighthouse was destroyed by a storm in 1906. Michel Forand has a historic postcard view of the second (1911) lighthouse. Nothing remains of this light station. ARLHS CAN-1154.
  • Rivière du Moulin Lower Range Front and Rear (1873-1977), Saguenay River on the east side of Saguenay. This range is marked today with short skeletal masts. Front: ARLHS CAN-1165; Admiralty H2143.9; CCG 1814; NGA 3616. Rear: ARLHS CAN-1166; Admiralty H2143.91; CCG 1815; NGA 3620.
  • Rivière du Moulin Upper Range Front (1922-1977), Saguenay River on the east side of Saguenay. This range is marked today with short skeletal masts. Front: Admiralty H2144; CCG 1817; NGA 3632. Rear: Admiralty H2144.1; CCG 1818; NGA 3636.
  • Saint-Irénée (1901-1945), about 7 km (4 mi) south of La Malbaie. A distant view is available. There is no light at this location today.
  • Savard Range Front and Rear (1873-1912), Saguenay River near Saguenay. This range was replaced by the Simard Range in 1912. ARLHS CAN-1189 and 1190.

Île du Corossol Light
Île du Corossol Light, Sept-Îles, around 1990
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Notable faux lighthouses:

  • La Baie, Saguenay. Apparently built by a homeowner, this lighthouse is easily seen by eastbound traffic on QC 170 leaving La Baie. For westbound traffic, there's a good view from a turnout just past the Chemin St. Charles about 10 km (6 mi) east of La Baie. Google has a satellite view.

Adjoining pages: North: Labrador | East: Northwestern Newfoundland | South: Eastern Québec | West: Southwestern Québec

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Posted September 12, 2003. Checked and revised August 5, 2015. Lighthouses: 43. Site copyright 2015 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.