Lighthouses of Canada: Southwestern Québec

This page covers lighthouses of upper Québec: the part of the Canadian province near and upstream from the city of Québec and north of the St. Lawrence River, including the cities of Québec and Montréal. The St. Lawrence is one of the world's greatest inland waterways: ocean-going ships sail the river to Montréal, and many continue on the St. Lawrence Seaway to the Great Lakes.

The lighthouses of southwestern Québec are certainly among the least well known of all Canadian lighthouses. In fact, many of them don't seem to have been known at all until recent years. Special thanks are due to Michel Forand for his help in compiling these listings; without his careful research the Internet would have no information on many of the range lighthouses of the middle St. Lawrence.

Aids to navigation in Canada are maintained by the Canadian Coast Guard. In 2008, Parliament passed the Heritage Lighthouse Protection Act to designate and protect historic lighthouses. In 2010, the Coast Guard declared the great majority of lighthouses to be surplus, and there is fear that this may lead to the disposal and possible destruction of many lighthouses. This fear is particularly acute along the St. Lawrence, where the small lighthouses do not enjoy the support of local preservation groups. In fact, dozens of lighthouses have already been lost in this region.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CCG numbers are from the Atlantic Coast portion of the List of Lights, Buoys, and Fog Signals of Fisheries and Oceans Canada for most lighthouses, and from the Inland Waters list for lights in and west of Montréal. Admiralty numbers are from Volume H of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA numbers are from Publication 110.

General Sources
Quebec, Canada Lighthouses
Photos and text, including travel directions, by Kraig Anderson.
Lighthouses in Quebec, Canada
Fine aerial photos posted by Marinas.com.
Quebec
Photos of Quebec lighthouses posted by C.W. Bash.
Lighthouses in Quebec
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
World of Lighthouses - Atlantic Coast of Canada
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Phares du Québec
Historic postcard views posted by Michel Forand.
Leuchttürme Kanadas auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard views posted by Klaus Huelse.

Lachine Range Front Light
Lachine Range Front Light, Lachine, October 2012
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Jean Gagnon

Capitale-Nationale Region Lighthouses

Île d'Orléans Municipality Lighthouses
Note: Located on the north side of the St. Lawrence a short distance downstream from Québec City, the Île d'Orléans is 34 km (21 mi) long and 8 km (5 mi) wide. The island was one of the first places settled by the French in the 1660s, but it is thinly populated today, with a population of about 6700. It is accessible by bridge from Beaufort.
Pointe Argentenaye Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 64 m (210 ft); continuous white light visible only on the range line. 35.5 m (116 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower. Google has a street view and a satellite view. This range guides vessels upstream toward Québec. The front light is on a small skeletal tower. Located off the Chemin Royal on the northeast coast of the island. Site and tower closed (private property), but the light is easily seen from the road. CCG 1910.6; Admiralty H2267.1; NGA 3802.
* Sainte-Pétronille (Beaulieu, Pointe du Bout de l'Île) (3)
1957 (station established 1901). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); yellow flash every 5 s. 14.5 m (46 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower. Google has a street view and a satellite view. The original lighthouse is seen in a 1905 postcard view and a second postcard view, both posted by Forand. It was located on the extreme tip of the island and was destroyed by fire in the 1930s. It was replaced by a light on a shed on the wharf. The skeletal tower was built on the wharf in 1957 and then moved to the parking lot in 1983 when the wharf was demolished. Located in a restaurant parking lot at the southwestern tip of the island. Site open, tower closed. Site manager: Auberge La Goéliche. ARLHS CAN-997; CCG 1927; Admiralty H2288; NGA 3876.

Portneuf Municipality Lighthouses
Île Richelieu (3?)
1971 (station established 1816). Active; focal plane 6 m (19 ft); continuous green light shone to the northeast for upstream traffic, continuous yellow light shown to the southwest for downstream traffic. 6 m (19 ft) conical concrete block tower topped by an open lantern-like structure. Anderson has photos, Simon Roy has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. This is one of the oldest light stations on the St. Lawrence, but the island on which it was built has almost entirely washed away. The previous lighthouse, a 12 m (35 ft) octagonal stone tower, was demolished in 1971; Forand has a historic postcard view. Located on the north side of the island off Deschambault, opposite Lotbinière. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-1105; CCG 2001.8; Admiralty H2349; NGA 4244.
* Pointe des Grondines Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 39 m (128 ft); continuous green light visible only on the range line. 33 m (108 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. The tower carries a slatted fluorescent orange daymark with a black vertical stripe on the range line. Serge Marcouiller has a photo, Marinas.com has aerial photos (incorrectly identified as the front light), and Google has a street view and a satellite view. This is a downstream range. There was an earlier Grondines range (1874-1904), but it's not clear if the lights were at the same location. Located at the marina on the Chemin des Ancêtres south of Grondines, on the north side of the river opposite Leclercville. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS CAN-954; CCG 2024; Admiralty H2362.1; NGA 4344.

Mauricie Region Lighthouses

Les Chenaux Municipality Lighthouses
* Batiscan Range Rear (4)
1908(?). Active; focal plane 22 m (73 ft); continuous green light visible only on the range line. 17 m (55 ft) square skeletal mast carrying an orange slatted daymark with a vertical black stripe on the range line. Google has a street view of the new light. Michel Forand's photo at right and Anderson's photos show the previous tower. The light is curiously hard to find in Google's satellite view. This is an upstream range; the front light is mounted on a small platform 440 m (0.27 mi) northeast. Located on the north shore of the river northeast of Batiscan. Site appears to be open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-870; CCG 2043; Admiralty H2366.1; NGA 4428.
* Champlain Upper Range Rear (3?)
Date unknown (station established 1904). Active; focal plane 28.5 m (94 ft); continuous green light visible only on the range line; also a passing light, red flash every 5 s. 21.5 m (71 ft) skeletal tower. The front face of the tower carries an orange daymark with a black vertical stripe on the range line. Google has a satellite view confirming that the skeletal tower shown on the Lighthouse Explorer page has been replaced by a modern, slender tower. This is an upstream range; the front light is on a mast about 455 m (0.28 mi) east. Located on the north shore of the river west of Champlain, about 10 km (6 mi) northeast of Trois-Rivières. Site appears open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-1181; CCG 2064; Admiralty H2380.1; NGA 4532.

Lanaudière Region Lighthouses

D'Autray Municipality Lighthouses
Île Dupas Range Front
1907. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); continuous green light visible only on the range line. 5 m (18 ft) square wood tower mounted on a square pyramidal concrete pier. Tower painted white, except the front is painted bright orange-red with a black vertical stripe on the range line. Anderson has a photo, a kayaker has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. This is a downstream range. Located on the Île aux Cochons on the northwest side of the river south of Berthierville; probably visible distantly from the southeast side south of Tracy. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-1103; CCG 2274; Admiralty H2450; NGA 5136.
Batiscan Rear Range Light
Batiscan Range Rear Light, Batiscan
photo copyright Michel Forand; used by permission
* Île Dupas Range Rear
1907. Active; focal plane 25.5 m (84 ft); continuous green light visible only on the range line. 20.5 m (67 ft) square skeletal mast carrying a trapezoidal slatted daymark painted bright orange-red with a black vertical stripe. Google has a street view and a satellite view. This is a downstream range; the rear light is on a skeletal tower 625 m (0.39 mi) north. Located at the end of the Rang de l'Île Dupas on the south end of the Île Dupas, 625 m (0.39 mi) north of the front light. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-1104; CCG 2275; Admiralty H2450.1; NGA 5140.
Lavaltrie Range Front (3)
1915 (station established 1831). Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); continuous green light. 4 m (13 ft) square tower with lantern, mounted on a concrete pier. Tower painted white, lantern roof red; the front of the tower is painted red with a black vertical stripe. Bing has a satellite view. This is an upstream range. Located on the east side of l’Île Hervieux, a low island off the waterfront of Lavaltrie. Accessible only boat or over the ice in winter. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. CCG 2292; Admiralty H2460; NGA 5252.
Lavaltrie Range Rear (3)
1915 (station established 1831). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); continuous green light. 18 m (56 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with lantern, gallery, and enclosed watch room. Tower painted black, watch room white, lantern white with a red roof. The front of the tower carries a large rectangular daymark, painted bright orange-red with a black vertical stripe on the range line. Bing has a satellite view. This pyramidla lighthouse was still standing in August 2011,as seen in Google's street view; most lighthouses of this class have been replaced by skeletal masts. Located on an islet just off the south end of l’Île Hervieux. Accessible only boat or over the ice in winter. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. CCG 2293; Admiralty H2460.1; NGA 5256.

L'Assomption Municipality Lighthouses
Mousseau Range Front
1914. Inactive. 6 m (20 ft) square wood lantern room with a pyramidal roof, supported by four iron legs on a square concrete pier. Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the west side of the north end of Île Bouchard. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: unknown. ex-Admiralty H2462.
Mousseau Range Rear
1914. Inactive. 15 m (49 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with wood lantern and enclosed upper portion. Lighthouse originally painted white, but nearly all the paint has worn off. Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located about 700 m (0.42 mi) southwest of the front light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: unknown. ex-Admiralty H2462.1.
Île Ronde (Péninsule Bouchard) Range Front
1914. Inactive since 1995. 6 m (20 ft) square wood lantern house standing on a 4-legged steel platform. Lighthouse painted white (most of the paint has weathered away); lantern roof is red. Google has an indistinct satellite view. Endangered: the lighthouse is abandoned and deteriorating. Located an unknown distance southwest of the rear light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: unknown. ex-CCG 2300; ex-Admiralty H2463.
Île Ronde (Péninsule Bouchard) Range Rear
1914. Inactive since 1995. 17.5 m (57 ft) square pyramidal steel skeletal tower with lantern, gallery, and enclosed upper portion. Lighthouse painted white (most of the paint has weathered away); lantern roof is red. A photo by Lloyd Gross is at right, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Endangered: the lighthouse is abandoned and deteriorating. The range guided vessels headed upstream around the north side of the Îles de Verchères. Located on the west side of the Îles de Verchères opposite St.-Sulpice. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: unknown. ex-CCG 2301; ex-Admiralty H2463.1.
Île Bouchard Range Rear (2)
Date unknown (station established 1902). Active; focal plane 22 m (73 ft); continuous green light visible only on the range line. 16.5 m (54 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, with lantern but no enclosed portion of the tower. The tower also carries an inverted-trapezoidal slatted daymark painted orange with a black vertical stripe on the range line. Anderson has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. This is a downstream range. Located on the southeast side of the island, a long narrow island that divides the river near Verchères, roughly 20 km (13 mi) northeast of Montréal. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-1262; CCG 2327; Admiralty H2480.1; NGA 5392.
Île Ronde Range Rear Light
Île Ronde Range Rear Light, St.-Sulpice, July 2007
Flickr photo copyright Lloyd Gross; used by permission
Île Bouchard Range Front (3?)
Date unknown (station established 1902). Active; focal plane 13 m (73 ft); continuous green light visible only on the range line. 9 m (30 ft) square platform supported by four steel piles. The tower also a rectangular daymark painted orange with a black vertical stripe on the range line. Google has a satellite view. The light lists all describe this light as being on a "cylindrical mast," but Anderson's photos show otherwise. Located on the southeast side of the island 934 m (0.58 mi) southwest of the rear light. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-1093; CCG 2326; Admiralty H2480; NGA 5388.

Montréal City Lighthouses

* Île Sainte-Hélène (Île Ronde Range Rear)
1912. Inactive for many years. 14.5 m (48 ft) square concrete tower on a square pyramidal concrete base; wooden lantern. Lighthouse painted white. Anderson has good photos, David Giral has a closeup photo, another photo and a wider view are available, Wikimedia has a photo, and Google has a good satellite view. The history of this downstream range light is not well known. A 1929 photo and a 1927 aerial photo were taken during construction of the Jacques-Cartier Bridge; in the aerial photo the front light can be seen to the left of the bridge. The only lighthouse in the downtown area of Montréal seemed endangered for many years. However, it was repainted, apparently in 2007, as seen in Bash's photo and Ginette Brosseau's closeup, and it appears now to be in good condition. Located below the Fort de l'Île Sainte-Hélène at the west side of the island in Montréal harbor. Accessible from the Jacques Cartier Bridge (QC 134); parking nearby. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: City of Montréal. ARLHS CAN-977.
* Lachine Range Rear (2)
1900 (station established 1889). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); continuous green light visible only on the range line. 17 m (55 ft) steel tower with lantern and a small gallery. Lighthouse painted white with red trim; the lantern dome is red. Jean Gagnon's photo is at right, Anderson has good photos, Bash has a 2008 photo, Benoit Larocque also has a good photo, Wikimedia has several excellent photos, Huelse has a historic postcard view, Google has a street view, and Bing has a satellite view. This is a downstream (eastbound) range; the two towers are about 240 m (800 ft) apart. Located in Parc Saint-Louis, on Boulevard Saint-Joseph in Lachine. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. Inland Waters CCG 1195. ARLHS CAN-967.
* Lachine Range Front (2)
1900 (station established 1889). Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); continuous green light visible only on the range line. 7 m (24 ft) steel tower with lantern and a small gallery. Lighthouse painted white with red trim; the lantern dome is red. Jean Gagnon's photo is at the top of this page, Anderson has good photos, Bash has a 2008 photo, Wikimedia has several excellent photos, Marinas.com has aerial photos, Forand has a historic postcard view, Google has a street view, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the wharf adjoining Parc Saint-Louis, on Boulevard Saint-Joseph in Lachine. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. Inland Waters CCG 1194. ARLHS CAN-968.
Dixie Range Rear
1915. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); quick-flashing green light visible only on the range line. 26 m (85 ft) square pyramidal steel skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, mounted on a square concrete pier. Lighthouse painted white; lantern roof painted red. There is also a large rectangular red slatted daymark with a vertical black stripe on the range line. Bash's 2008 photo is at the bottom of this page, Forand has a historic postcard view, and Bing has a satellite view. This is an upstream range guiding ships past Lachine. The front range is on a small round tower. Located in the river off Dorval, about 3.2 km (2 mi) west of Lachine. Accessible only by boat, but there are good views from the Parc du Millénaire and other points on the north shore in the Dorval area. Site open, tower closed. Inland Waters CCG 1202; Admiralty H2518.41; NGA 5703.
Lachine Range Rear Light
Lachine Range Rear Light, Lachine, October 2012
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Jean Gagnon

Montérégie Region Lighthouses

Vaudreuil-Soulanges Municipality Lighthouses
Note: The Soulanges Canal was opened in 1899 to provide a route around the rapids of the St. Lawrence between Lac St.-Louis and Lac St.-François. The canal is 23 km (14 mi) long and has five locks. It was closed in 1958 following inauguration of the St. Lawrence Seaway. Ships on the Seaway today use the rebuilt Beauharnois Canal on the south side of the river.
* Soulanges Canal Lower Entrance Range Front
1902. Inactive since 1960. 9 m (29 ft) cast iron tower with lantern, painted white; lantern roof painted gray. Kate McDonnell has a good closeup photo, Ginette Brosseau has a good photo, Forand has a historic postcard view, and Bing has a satellite view. The lighthouse was discontinued when the canal was closed following inauguration of the St. Lawrence Seaway. The tower has recently been restored. Located in Pointe-des-Cascades at the end of the north pier at the eastern canal entrance; this is also at the confluence of the Ottawa and St. Lawrence Rivers. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Municipalité de Pointe-des-Cascades. ARLHS CAN-1198.
* Soulanges Canal Lower Entrance Range Rear
1902. Inactive since 1960. 14 m (45 ft) cast iron tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern roof painted black. Pierre Bona's photo is at right, a nice 2008 photo is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The lighthouse was discontinued when the canal was closed following inauguration of the St. Lawrence Seaway. The tower has been restored and relocated to a municipal park. Located on the south side of the canal in the Parc des Ancres in the center of Pointe-des-Cascades. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Municipalité de Pointe-des-Cascades. ARLHS CAN-1199.
* Soulanges Canal Upper Entrance Range Rear
1902. Inactive since 1960. Approx. 11 m (30 ft) cast iron tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern roof painted black. Ginette Brosseau has a good photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The lighthouse was discontinued when the canal was closed following inauguration of the St. Lawrence Seaway. The tower has recently been restored; it is an attraction in a riverside public campground. Located near the campground entrance on the east side of the canal in Les Coteaux, about 480 m (1585 ft) north of the front light. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Camping Coteau Landing. ARLHS CAN-1201.
* Soulanges Canal Upper Entrance Range Front
1902. Inactive since 1960. 11 m (35 ft) cast iron tower with lantern, painted in a gaudy red, white, and blue pattern. Google has an indistinct satellite view. The lighthouse was discontinued when the canal was closed following inauguration of the St. Lawrence Seaway. The tower has recently been restored; it is an attraction in a riverside public campground. Located on the west side of the entrance to the canal in Les Coteaux. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Camping Coteau Landing. ARLHS CAN-1200.
Pointe Beaudette (Pointe au Beaudet, McKie Point) (2)
1877 (station established 1847). Inactive since 1962. 9 m (30 ft) square pyramidal wood tower, painted white; no lantern. Forand has a historic postcard view, and Bing has a satellite view. The lighthouse was replaced by a pair of range lights (see next entry). It was to be demolished after deactivation, but instead it was leased by two neighboring landowners. The lantern was removed after it was badly damaged by a storm in 1995. The tower is now deteriorated and endangered, but the town of Rivière Beaudette is hoping to acquire it for restoration. Located on a sharp point on the north side of the river near Rivière Beaudette and the Ontario border. Site and tower closed (private property), although the lighthouse can be seen from the river. Owner/site manager: private. ARLHS CAN-1124; ex-CCG (Inland Waters) 0099.
Soulanges Lower Entrance Range Rear Light
Soulanges Canal Lower Entrance Rear Light, April 2006
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Pierre Bona
Pointe Beaudette Range Rear
Date unknown (1962?). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); continuous green light. 17.5 m (57 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. The tower carries a triangular slatted daymark, painted orange with a black vertical stripe. The tower has not been located in Google's satellite view. Located about 650 m (0.4 mi) north of the historic lighthouse. Site status unknown. CCG (Inland Waters) 0099.1; Admiralty H2544.1; NGA 6088.

Laurentides Region (Ottawa River) Lighthouses

Deux-Montagnes Municipality Lighthouse
Pointe aux Anglais (4)
1987(?) (station established 1873). Active (privately maintained since 1998); focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 6.5 m (22 ft) square cylindrical tower with lantern and gallery, painted white with two narrow red horizontal bands, mounted on a concrete pier. Anderson has photos, Marinas.com has distant aerial photos, and Google has a satellite view. The pier supported some of the earlier towers; its date is not known. The light was the front light of a range until sometime in the 1980s. Located on a reef in the Lac des Deux Montagnes at Pointe-aux-Anglais, about 10 km (6 mi) west of Oka. Accessible only by boat, but visible from shore. Owner/site manager: Club de Voile des Laurentides. ARLHS CAN-1271; CCG (Inland Waters) 1245.

Outaouais Region (Ottawa River) Lighthouses

Pontiac Municipality Lighthouses
Lower Allumette Lake (Spence Island) (2)
1909 (station established 1885). Inactive since the 1920s. 8 m (26 ft) square pyramidal wood tower with lantern. Anderson has distant views, the lighthouse peeks above trees in Benedikt Kuhn's 2012 photo, and trees hide the lighthouse in Bing's satellite view of the location. It has only been discovered recently that this lighthouse is still standing. Gravely endangered: abandoned for eight decades, the building is embedded in vegetation and is descending into ruin. Located on an island at the lower end of Lower Allumette Lake, about 8 km (5 mi) north of Waltham. Accessible only by boat. Site open, though somewhat difficult to find. ARLHS CAN-1122.
Passage Lower (Pointe Leblanc) (2)
1907 (station established 1887). Active; focal plane 7.5 m (25 ft); red flash every 4 s. 8 m (27 ft) square pyramidal wood tower, painted white with red trim. Anderson has photos, Benedikt Kuhn has a 2012 photo, and Bing has a good satellite view. Located on the north side of the river on the west end of the Île Leblanc, off the Île des Allumettes about 5 km (3 mi) west of Pembroke, Ontario. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Owner/site manager: Canadian Coast Guard. ARLHS CAN-891; CCG (Inland Waters) 1308.

Information available on lost lighthouses:


Dixie Range Rear Light, St.-Pierre, June 2008
Flickr Creative Commons photo by C.W. Bash

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Northeastern Québec | East: Eastern Québec | South: Southern Québec | West: Southeastern Ontario

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted September 12, 2003. Checked and revised August 26, 2014. Lighthouses: 29. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.