Lighthouses of Russia: Eastern Chukotka

The Chokotka Autonomous Okrug (autonomous district) is the unit of the Russian Federation that occupies the easternmost extension of Siberia, reaching toward Alaska. It is a peninsula, with coastlines facing north on the East Siberian Sea and Chukchi Sea and south on the Bering Sea. This page has lighthouses of the Bering Strait and Bering Sea; there is a separate page for lighthouses of the Arctic coast.

Although Russian explorers reached this remote area in the 17th century and mapped it in the 18th century, full control by the Russian Empire did not occur before late in the 19th century.

The capital of Chukotka, Anadyr, is the easternmost municipality in Russia; it has a population of about 10,000 and the total population of the district is only about 50,000.

During the Soviet period, few foreigners were able to visit Russia's Pacific ports, and even today tourism in the Russian far east is slight. As a result, no photos are available for many of the lighthouses. If you have or can locate additional photos, please let me know.

Special thanks to Michel Forand for his careful research on lighthouses of the Russian Arctic.

Russian lighthouses are owned and operated by the Russian Navy, although some of them have civilian keepers. The Russian word for a lighthouse is mayak (маяк); mys is a cape, ostrov is an island, and buhkta or zaliv is a bay.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volumes L and M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals, and U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publications 112 and 115.

General Sources
World of Lighthouses - Arctic Coast of Russia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
cape Dezhneva Light
Cape Dezhneva Light, Bering Strait, August 2001
Panoramio photo copyright Fazotron; permission requested

Chukotsky District (Bering Strait) Lighthouses

Chukchi Sea Lighthouses
Mys Dzhenretlen
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 37 m (121 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the cape. Located on a cape about 65 km (40 mi) southeast of Kolyuchin Island. Site status unknown. RU 2111-9220; Admiralty L9900; NGA 115-17780.
Ostrov Idlidlya
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 29 m (95 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a daymark painted black with a white vertical stripe. A distant view from the mainland is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the western end of a small island about 50 km (30 mi) east of Mys Dzhenretlen. Site status unknown. RU 2111-9230; Admiralty L9910; NGA 115-17784.
Chegitun
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 48 m (157 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) square metal skeletal tower. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the area. Located on heights near the mouth of the Chegitun River, about 120 km (75 mi) northwest of the Bering Strait entrance. Site status unknown. RU 2111-9270; Admiralty L9920; NGA 115-17793.
Inin
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 94 m (309 ft); white flash every 4 s. 14 m (46 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower. No photo available, and Google has only a distant satellite view of the area. Located on an isolated peak about 80 km (50 mi) northwest of the Bering Strait entrance. Site status unknown. RU 2111-9300; Admiralty L9925; NGA 115-17796.
Ostrov Idlidlya Light
Ostrov Idlidlya Light, Chukchi Sea, seen from the mainland
Chukotsky District government photo

Cape Dezhnev and Lavrentia Area Lighthouses
Mys Dezhneva (Cape Dezhnev, East Cape, Pamyatnik Dezhneva)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 80 m (262 ft); one long white flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) square pyramidal solid concrete monument (pamyatnik) with a small lantern and gallery. The tower is unpainted; lantern painted red. A keeper's house and other buildings are abandoned. A photo is at the top of this page, the district government has a photo (next to last line of thumbnails), Lightphotos.net has Harry Shave's view from below the lighthouse, and a 2011 photo and a more distant view are available, but Google has only a distant satellite view of the cape. Mys Dezhneva is the easternmost cape of Siberia, facing Alaska across the Bering Strait. The bust mounted on the lighthouse is that of Semyon Dezhnyov (or Dezhnev), who sailed around the cape from the mouth of the Kolyma River in the Arctic Ocean to the Anadyr River in 1648, eighty years before the strait was rediscovered by Vitus Bering. The monument apparently dates from about 1910, but the light was only added much later, probably in the 1950s. The lighthouse is on the southeastern side of the rounded cape, where it guides vessels bound for Dezhnevo, the easternmost village of Russia. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS ASR-053; Admiralty M8232; NGA 112-15260.
Lavrentiya
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 35 m (115 ft); red flash every 1.5 s. 7 m (23 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower. A distant view is available, but the light is not seen in Google's distant satellite view of the location. The light does not appear active in the photo. Lavrentiya (population about 1300) is the district center for Chukotsky District and is the easternmost town in Russia. Located on a hillside just north of the village. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M8217; NGA 112-15281.1.
Kriguygun (Mys Krigygun)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) square pyramidal tower, painted white with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, and Google has only a very distant satellite view of the cape. Located on a prominent cape south of the entrance to Lavrentia Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8214; NGA 112-15280.

Providensky District Lighthouses

Mys Nygchigen
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 48 m (157 ft); white flash every 2.5 s. 11 m (30 ft) square pyramidal tower, painted white with a black horizontal band. No photo available, and Google has only a very distant satellite view of the cape. NGA misspells the name as Mys Nygligan. Located on a prominent cape about 120 m (75 mi) southwest of the entrance to Lavrentia Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8208; NGA 112-15284.
Chaplino (Mys Chaplino)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); one long white flash every 6 s. 18 m (59 ft) square pyramidal tower, probably skeletal, with a "platform on top," according to NGA. No photo available; Bing has a distant satellite view of the cape. Cape Chaplino is a sharp point at the convergence of two long gravel spits. The cape is only 58 km (36 mi) northwest of the village of Gambell on St. Lawrence Island, Alaska. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS ASR-020; Admiralty M8196; NGA 112-15300.
Ploskiy (Mys Ploskiy)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 55 m (180 ft); one long (2 s) white flash every 10 s. 12 m (39 ft) white pyramidal tower. No photo available; Google has a distant satellite view of the cape. Located on a cape about 80 km (50 mi) southwest of Cape Chaplino. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8192; NGA 112-15304.

Provideniya Bay Lighthouses
Note: Buhkta Provideniya (Provideniya Bay or Providence Bay) is a protected fjord on the south side of the Chukotskiy Peninsula, on the north side of the Bering Sea. The town of Provideniya, a former Soviet military base, is the closest Russian town of any size to Alaska.
Mys Gaydamak
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12.5 m (41 ft); red flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) square brick tower. The tower was covered with a white concrete coat, but large sections of this covering have fallen away. Lightphotos.net also has Evgeny Basov's distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on Reyd Plover (Plover Spit), a gravel spit on the east side of the entrance to Provideniya Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8186; NGA 112-15316.
Bukhta Komsomol'skaya (Buhkta Emma, Emma Bay) Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); green light, 2 s on, 4 s off. 9 m (30 ft) square stone tower, painted white with a red vertical stripe on the range line. A photo by Dave Wiltzius is at right, a closeup, a wintry photo, and a view from the bay are available, and Google has a satellite view. Buhkta Komsomol'skaya is a branch off the east side of the larger Provideniya Bay. Located on the north side of the entrance to Buhkta Komsomol'skaya from Buhkta Provideniya. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M8176; NGA 112-15328.
Bukhta Komsomol'skaya (Buhkta Emma, Emma Bay) Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 51 m (167 ft); green light, 2 s on, 4 s off. 11 m (36 ft) square stone tower, painted white with a red vertical stripe on the range line. The light is visible on the hillside to the left in a view of the town, and Google has a satellite view. Located in the town of Provideniya, about 550 m (1/3 mi) northeast of the front light. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M8178; NGA 112-15332.
Mys Lisovskogo (Mys Lisovskiy, Mys Severnyy) (2)
Date unknown (after 2008). Active; focal plane 49 m (161 ft); white light, 2 s on, 8 s off. 9 m (30 ft) triangular cylindrical skeletal tower attached to a small equipment shelter. The tower is not seen in Google's wintry satellite view. A 2008 view of the original light from the sea is available. Located on the cape on the west side of the entrance to Provideniya Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8172.5; NGA 112-15340.
Provideniya Range Light
Bukhta Komsomol'skaya Range Front Light, July 2007
Panoramio photo copyright Dave Wiltzius; used by permission

Anadyrsky District Lighthouses

Kresta Bay Lighthouses
Note: The Anadyr Gulf is an arm of the Bering Sea on the south side of the Chukotskiy (Chukchi) Peninsula. Kresta Bay is a large bay at the northern end of the Gulf. The bay is 100 km (60 mi) long north to south and 45 km (28 mi) wide. At the head of the bay is the former gulag settlement of Egvekinot (population 2800), which has an airport and has become a destination for ecotourism.
Mys Meechkyn (Meyechkyn)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); white flash every 6 s. 18 m (59 ft) square cylindrical steel skeletal tower. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view. Located at the end of a long spit on the east side of the entrance to Kresta Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8171.75.
Mys Olovyannyy
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 4 s. 16 m (59 ft) square cylindrical steel skeletal tower. The light is seen in a distant view of the cape (2/3 the way down the page), but Google has only a fuzzy satellite view. The name means "Cape Dangerous." Located at the end of a spit on the east side of the entrance to the harbor of Egvekinot. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8169.7.
Mys Kruzenshterna
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) square cylindrical steel skeletal tower. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view. Located at the end of a spit on the west side of the entrance to the harbor of Egvekinot. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8169.9.

Anadyr Estuary Lighthouses
Note: The town of Anadyr, the capital of Chukotka, is located on Onemen Bay, an estuary that forms an arm of the gulf. With a population of about 13,000, it is the largest settlement of Russia's far northeast.
Russkaya Koshka (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); white flash every 6 s. 28 m (92 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower with gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. A square brick crew building with a square tower centered on the roof is very possibly an earlier lighthouse; a photo of this building is at right. Evgeny Basov has a photo (first photo on the page), Yevgeniy Gusev has a distant view of the station, and an article describes solar eclipse observations at the station in 1972, with a photo showing the present light tower. Google has only a very distant satellite view of the location. Russkaya Koshka is a 16 km (10 mi) long sand spit at the north side of the entrance to the Anadyr Estuary. The lighthouse is at the end of the spit. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M8162.
Mys Nikolaya Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying a white daymark with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This is an eastbound range guiding vessels departing the estuary. Located on a spit on the east side of the estuary about 16 km (10 mi) northwest of the Russkaya Koshka station. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8164.
Mys Nikolaya Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); continuous white light. 25 m (82 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying a white daymark with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the mainland 3.3 km (2.1 mi) east of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8164.1.
Russkaya Koshka Station
Russkaya Koshka Station, Anadyr, July 2007
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by F.A. Kondrashov
Salamatova Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 9 m (30 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying a white daymark with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This is a westbound range for vessels entering the estuary. Located on the Salamatova spit about 10 km (6 mi) west of Mys Nikolaya. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8164.5.
Salamatova Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); continuous white light. 21 m (69 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying a white daymark with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located 611 m (2000 ft) northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8164.6.
Mys Salamatova
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); flash every 6 s, red or white depending on direction. 16 m (52 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. Alexandr Alifanov has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the tip of the Salamatova spit. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8165.
Mys Konstantina
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); one long white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands, atop a square skeletal base. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a bluff about 5 km (3 mi) northwest of Mys Salamatova. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8166.5.
Ostrov Alyumka
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower with gallery. Harry Shave's photo is at right, Yevgeniy Gusev has a distant view, a closeup shows the base of the tower, Russian Wikipedia has an aerial photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small island in the Anadyr Estuary, about 8 km (5 mi) southeast of the town of Anadyr. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M8167.
Mys Observatsii Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); quick-flashing red light. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying a red daymark with a white vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This is a northbound range for vessels approaching Anadyr. Located on a bluff across the estuary from Anadyr. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8167.5.
Mys Observatsii Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 46 m (151 ft); red light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying a red daymark with a white vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located about 800 m (1/2 mi) north of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8167.51.
Mys Observatsii
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 54 m (177 ft); one long red flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower with gallery, painted red. A distant view is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a promontory across the estuary from Anadyr. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8168.
Ostrov Alyumka Light
Ostrov Alyumka Light, Anadyr, August 2011
Panoramio photo copyright Harry Shave; used by permission
Bukhta Melkaya Range Front (twin towers)
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 57 m (187 ft); two very quick-flashing red lights. Two 25 m (82 ft) square cylindrical skeletal towesr carrying a white daymark with a black vertical stripe. Google has a satellite view. Located on the northeast side of Shakhtyorsky, a town on the east side of the estuary north of Mys Observatsii. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8169; NGA 15345.
Bukhta Melkaya Range Rear
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 102 m (335 ft); red light, 1.5 s on, 1.5 s off. 25 m (82 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying a white daymark with a black vertical stripe. Google has a satellite view. Located 732 m (0.45 mi) east northeast of the front lights. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8169.1; NGA 15345.1.
* [Anadyr Stele]
Date unknown. No recognized as a lighted aid to navigation, although a streetlight-style lamp illuminates the stele at night. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) stele on a pyramidal base. Marisa Lystseva has a photo, and Bing has a satellite view. The stele (monument) carries the arms of the city at the top. Located on a point of land on the waterfront of Anadyr. Site open, tower closed.
Mys Geka
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 20 m (66 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted red. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the spit at the west side of the entrance to the estuary. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8160.

Southern Anadyr Gulf Lighthouses
Barykova (Mys Barykova)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 103 m (338 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted red. No photo available; an indistinct Google satellite view may show the tower. Located on a mountainous cape marking the eastern end of the Koryak Range and the southern entrance to the Anadyr Gulf. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8159; NGA 112-15356.
Beringovskiy Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); red light occulting once every 4 s. 13 m (43 ft) square white concrete tower; the front side is painted black with a white vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Beringovskiy is a small coal mining port near the southern end of the Anadyr Gulf. Located on the waterfront in Beringovskiy. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M8157; NGA 112-15353.
Beringovskiy Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 51 m (167 ft); red flash every 3 s. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying a red daymark with a white vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located about 1.9 km (1.2 mi) west of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8157.1NGA 112-15353.1.
Mys Korobitsyna
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 55 m (180 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) round tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands, atop a square skeletal base. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view. Located on a headland about 100 km (60 mi) north of Cape Navarin. Site status unknown. Admiralty M8153; NGA 112-15352.
Mys Navarin (Cape Navarin)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 75 m (246 ft); white flash every 8 s. 17 m (56 ft) octagonal concrete tower, probably with lantern and gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. Google has only a very distant satellite view of the cape. This is a major lighthouse on a major cape, so it is disappointing that no photos of it are available. In 2003 the radionuclide thermoelectric generator (RTG) powering the lighthouse was found to be leaking dangerous amounts of radiation, causing the lighthouse to be shut down and a difficult cleanup planned. In 2007 the radioactivity was removed and the lighthouse reactivated on solar power. There is an article (in Russian) describing this work, and near the bottom of the page the base of the lighthouse is seen in two photos. Located on Cape Navarin, which projects into the Bering Sea at the southernmost end of the Anadyr Gulf. The cape is reputed to have the stormiest weather in all of Russia. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M8150; NGA 112-15348.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Northern Chukotka | East: Alaska | South: Kamchatka and Magadan

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Posted May 19, 2006. Checked and revised December 6, 2013. Lighthouses: 37. Site copyright 2013 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.