Lighthouses of Russia: St. Petersburg Area

Russia's traditional western outlet to the sea is the city of Saint Petersburg at the head of the Gulf of Finland. The easternmost extension of the Gulf is a shallow sound known as Neva Bay. A large number of lighthouses, many historic but some quite modern, have been built to guide vessels in this narrow and crowded waterway.

Metropolitan St. Petersburg surrounds Neva Bay. Like Moscow, it has the status of a federal city, that is, it is a full member of the Russian Federation.

In the Soviet Union, all lighthouses were closed to foreign visitors. Since the breakup of the Soviet empire, conditions have become much more free, but some of the lighthouses are still closed to casual visits because they are located in sensitive military areas. Better information on accessibility is needed, and photos and visitor reports would be welcome.

Russian lighthouses are owned and operated by the Russian Navy, although some of them have civilian keepers. The Russian word for a lighthouse is mayak (маяк); mys is a cape and ostrov is an island.

Special thanks to Michel Forand for sharing his research on these lighthouses.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume C of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 116.

General Sources
Online List of Lights - Baltic Russia
Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Lightphotos.net - Russia - Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Russian Lighthouses
Photos by Rosalie Beasley, taken on a cruise ship visit to St. Petersburg in 2009.
Russia Lighthouses
Photos by Larry Myhre, taken in June 2008.
Lighthouses in Russia
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
Russische Leuchttürme auf historischen Postkarten
Postcard views of historic Russian lighthouses posted by Klaus Huelse.

Lesnoy Range Rear Light
Lesnoy Range Rear Light, St. Petersburg, June 2008
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Larry Myhre

Kronshtadt District (Kotlin Island) Lighthouses
Note: Kronshtadt (often spelled Kronstadt) is the historic home port of Russia's Baltic Fleet. The city and naval base are built on Kotlin Island, located 30 km (19 mi) west of St. Petersburg. The St. Petersburg Dam, a flood control structure also carrying the St. Petersburg Ring Road, extends from Kotlin Island to both sides of Neva Bay; its purpose is to protect St. Petersburg from inundation by storm surges driven by westerly winds. Ships pass through this barrier via a floodgate just south of the island, while a tunnel carries vehicular traffic under the gateway.
Tolbukhin (2)
1810 (station established 1719). Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); white light, 3 s on, 9 s off. 30 m (98 ft) 2-stage round cylindrical old-style stone tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern dome is red. 2-story keeper's house and other light station buildings. Semyon Zakharov's photo is at right, another good photo is available, Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, Huelse has a historic postcard view, and Bing has a satellite view. The original light, a wooden tower, was ordered by Peter the Great. The present tower, the oldest active lighthouse in northwestern Russia, was designed by A.D. Zakharov, a famous Russian architect. Located on a tiny island about 7 km (4 mi) west northwest of the western tip of Ostrov Kotlin, the island on which Kronshtadt is located. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS ERU-070; Admiralty C4010; NGA 13012.
Ostrov Kotlin Floodgate Outer South Mole
2008. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two green flashes every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical tower, painted green with a white horizontal band. Trabas has Helmut Seger's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the south mole at the west entrance to the floodgate. Site and tower closed. Admiralty C4011.
Ostrov Kotlin Floodgate Outer North Mole
2008. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two red flashes every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical tower, painted red with a white horizontal band. A closeup photo is available, Trabas has Helmut Seger's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the north mole at the west entrance to the floodgate. Site and tower closed. Admiralty C4011.2.
Ostrov Kotlin Floodgate Inner South Mole
2008. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two green flashes every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical tower, painted green with a white horizontal band. Trabas has Helmut Seger's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the south mole at the east entrance to the floodgate. Site and tower closed. Admiralty C4011.4.

Tolbukhin Light, July 2007
Flickr photo copyright Semyon Zakharov; used by permission
Ostrov Kotlin Floodgate Inner North Mole
2008. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two green flashes every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical tower, painted green with a white horizontal band. A 2013 photo is available, Trabas has Helmut Seger's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the south mole at the east entrance to the floodgate. Site and tower closed. Admiralty C4011.6.
Littke East Range Rear
Date unknown. Inactive. 17 m (56 ft) round cylindrical metal tower, painted white with a black vertical stripe on the former range line. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the south side of Kotlin Island just east of the ring road. Site and tower closed. ex-Admiralty C4013.1.
Morskoy Kanal Range Rear
1914. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); long white flash every 6 s. 41.5 m (136 ft) octagonal tower with lantern and gallery. The lighthouse is unpainted gray concrete with black and white horizontal bands on the side facing the range line. A photo shows the daymark, Klaus Kern's photo is a side view, Beasley has a photo, a photo of both range lights is available, Dmitry Rostopshin has a distant view from downrange, and Google has a satellite view. The Morskoy Kanal is the dredged channel through Neva Bay (Nevskaya Guba) from Kronshtadt to St. Petersburg; the channel is ruler straight and has a length of about 28 km (17 mi). The Lesnoy Range in St. Petersburg guides eastbound traffic in the channel, while the Morskoy Kanal Range lights guide westbound traffic. The range is an outbound (westbound) range guiding ships away from St. Petersburg. Located about 1 km (0.6 mi) southwest of Fort Kronshlot. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS ERU-050; Admiralty C4059.1; NGA 13056.
Fort Nikolai Range Front
1891. Inactive since the early 1920s. 16 m (52 ft) round cast iron tower with lantern and gallery, painted red, built just outside the walls of Fort Kronshlot (formerly Fort Nikolai). An excellent closeup is available, Beasley has a photo, another photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. The current Fort Kronshlot Light was the rear light of this range. The light became unnecessary after the current Kronshtadt Rear Light was built in the 1920s. It appears that the lighthouse has been maintained as a daybeacon, since still stands on the range line. Located 180 m (200 yd) west of the Fort Kronshlot Light on a small island just west of the naval base, near the east end of Ostrov Kotlin. A map is available. Accessible only by boat, but there are distant views from Kronshtadt and from the civilian port of Lomonosov on the mainland 3 km (2 mi) to the south. ARLHS ERU-314.
Fort Kronshlot (Kronshtadt Range Front)
1891. Inactive since 2008. 25 m (82 ft) round cast iron tower with lantern and gallery, painted red, built just outside the walls of Fort Kronshlot. An aerial photo is available, Capt. Peter has a good photo, a distant photo of the fort and lighthouse is available, and Google has a satellite view. Built by Peter the Great in 1704, Fort Kronshlot is the oldest of the many fortresses protecting Kronshtadt and St. Petersburg. The range guided ships up the channel on the south side of Ostrov Kotlin toward the naval base at Kronshtadt. Located on a small island just west of the naval base, near the east end of Ostrov Kotlin. Accessible only by boat, but there are distant views from Kronshtadt and from the civilian port of Lomonosov on the mainland 3 km (2 mi) to the south. Site and tower closed. ARLHS ERU-046; ex-Admiralty C4012; ex-NGA 13016.
Kabotazhnaya Gavan Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 1.5 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower, mounted on a square concrete pier. The entire lighthouse is enclosed by a wood daymark painted red with a black vertical stripe on the range line. A photo and a closeup are available, Beasley has a closeup photo and a photo showing both range lights, Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, and Google has a good satellite view. In Beasley's 2009 photos the paint has worn off, obscuring the vertical stripe. This light is a front range light that guides naval vessels as they enter the Kronshtadt naval station. Located about 600 m (0.4 mi) north of Fort Kronshlot. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. Admiralty C4020; NGA 13032.
Kabotazhnaya Gavan Range Rear (Petrovskaya Pristan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); quick-flashing red light. 29 m (95 ft) square steel frame tower, faced with wood siding, with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, except the side facing the range is painted red with a black vertical stripe on the range line; lantern painted red. Evgeny Gerashchenko's photo is at right, another closeup photo is available, Beasley has a good photo and a photo showing both range lights, Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, another photo shows the lighthouse and the dome of the historic Kronshtadt cathedral, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The lighthouse appears freshly painted in a 2007 photo. This light is a rear range light that guides naval vessels as they enter the Kronshtadt naval station. The lighthouse stands on the Petrovskaya Pristan (mole), one of the breakwaters protecting the main harbor of Kronshtadt, the traditional and historic home port of the Russian Navy. Site and tower closed, but there are good views from shore. ARLHS ERU-144; Admiralty C4020.1; NGA 13036.

Kabotazhnaya Gavan Range Rear Light, 2006
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo
by Evgeny Gerashchenko
Morskoy Kanal Range Front
1914. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); quick-flashing white light. 20 m (66 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. The lighthouse is unpainted gray concrete, except the side facing the range is painted black with a white vertical stripe on the range line. Dmitry Rostopshin has a nice view, Beasley has a photo, a photo of both range lights is available, Trabas has Kern's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Perhaps endangered, the lighthouse has a distinct lean. Located about 1.6 km (1 mi) southwest of the Kronshtadt lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS ERU-049; Admiralty C4059; NGA 13052.
Sredney Gavan' Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); quick-flashing red light, visible only on the range line. 12 m (39 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower; the front of the tower is covered by a daymark colored white with a red vertical stripe. Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, and Google has a satellite view. This range guides eastbound vessels. Located on a detached breakwater south of the naval harbor. Site and tower closed. Admiralty C4036.
Sredney Gavan' Range Middle
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); quick-flashing red light, visible only on the range line. 25 m (82 ft) triangular cylindrical skeletal tower; the front of the tower is covered by a daymark colored white with a red vertical stripe. Trabas has Klaus Kern's view of the front and middle lights, Google has a satellite view. Located about 400 m (1/4 mi) north of the Kronshtadt Range Rear lighthouse (next entry). Site and tower closed. Admiralty C4036.1.
Kronshtadt (Range Rear)
Early 1920s. Active; focal plane 54 m (177 ft); continuous green light shone only to the west. 54 m (177 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Tower is unpainted gray concrete; lantern painted red. One of Dmitry Rostopshin's photos is at right, Jessica Brach has a 2007 photo, Beasley has a closeup and a more distant view, Trabas has Kern's photo, another photo is available, another photo shows the lighthouse and the city of St. Petersburg in the distance, and Google has a good satellite view. Located near the east end of the naval harbor at Kronshtadt, about 2.3 km (1.5 mi) east southeast of the front light at Fort Kronshlot. Site and tower closed, but there are good views from shore and distant views from the civilian port of Lomonosov on the mainland 3 km (2 mi) to the south. ARLHS ERU-047; Admiralty C4012.1; NGA 13020.
Voennaya Gavan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 12 m (39 ft) hexagonal cylindrical cast iron skeletal tower, painted red. The light is seen in Christian Dirksen's photo, Beasley has a good photo and a more distant view also featuring the Kronshtadt Range Rear Light, Trabas has Helmut Seger's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the corner of a pier at the extreme southeastern tip of the Kronshtadt naval base, about 400 m (1/4 mi) southwest of the Kronshtadt lighthouse. Site and tower closed. Admiralty C4042.
Kronshtadt Fairway No. 15 (Summer Harbor) Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (56 ft); continuous green light. 16 m (52 ft) round tower, painted white with a black vertical stripe. Bing has a satellite view. Located about 300 m (1000 ft) west of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty C4042.21.
Kronshtadt Fairway No. 15 (Summer Harbor) Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); continuous green light. 12 m (39 ft) round tower, painted white with a black vertical stripe. A closeup photo and a 2011 photo are available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the eastern tip of Kotlin Island. Site status unknown. Admiralty C4042.2.
Sredney Gavan' Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 47 m (154 ft); quick-flashing red light, visible only on the range line. 40 m (131 ft) tapered round tower with gallery; the tower carries a slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. Trabas has Helmut Seger's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Trabas has Kern's photos of the front and middle lights, which are on skeletal towers on Kotlin Island. Located about 4 km (2.5 mi) east of Kotlin Island. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4036.2.
Kronshtadt Range Rear Light
Kronshtadt Range Rear Light
Panoramio photo copyright Dmitry Rostopshin; used by permission

Petrodvortsovy District: Lomonosov Area Lighthouses
Note: Lomonosov, called Oranienbaum in czarist times, is a port on the south side of Neva Bay west of Peterhof and opposite the naval base of Kronshtadt. Although Lomonosov remains the administrative seat of the Lomonosov District of Leningrad Oblast, the town itself has been annexed to the federal city of Saint Petersburg and is therefore not part of Leningrad Oblast.
Malaya Ishora Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); red light occulting once every 2.5 s. 15 m (49 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower carrying a rectangular daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. A good photo and a more distant view are available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. This range guides naval vessels as they leave Kronshtadt harbor and turn toward the main channel of Neva Bay. Located just east of the Kronshtadt bridge in Lomonosov. Site and tower closed. Admiralty C4044.
Malaya Ishora Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); red light occulting once every 2.5 s. 20 m (66 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted red. The tower carries a slatted daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. A photo shows most of the tower, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located about 300 m (1000 ft) south of the front light, inside the loop of a ramp connecting to the A121 highway. Site and tower closed. Admiralty C4044.1.
Lightship Irbenskiy (?)
1962. Decommissioned around 1990. 43 m (141 ft) two-masted steel lightship; the light was displayed from a lantern atop the mainmast. Hull and masts painted red, superstructure white. Lightphotos.net has a good photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view of the ship moored in Lomonosov harbor. Built in Finland for the Soviet Navy, the Irbenskiy was stationed on the Mikhailovskaya shoal in the Irbensky Strait, between Estonia and Latvia, until it was replaced by a lighthouse in 1986. It was then reassigned to a station off Ventspils, Latvia. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 it has been moored at the Navy's hydrographic station. In 2009 the Navy announced that it would be scrapped, but a group of veterans quickly formed to advocate for the preservation of the lightship as a memorial. Through their efforts, the Navy was moved to make repairs to the vessel assuring that it will remain afloat. In October 2012, the office of President Putin announced that "the Defense Ministry is ready to transfer the lightship to an entity that is capable of renovating her and preserving her as the memorial vessel." Negotiations with the Kronshtadt Historical Museum are underway. The group's web site has disappeared, and we need information on the status of this effort. Site and vessel closed.
Oranienbaum (Lomonosov East Pierhead)
1875. Inactive. Approx. 8 m (26 ft) square light tower with gallery attached to a 1-story harbormaster's office. The lantern has been replaced by a pyramidal roof. A photo and a closeup are available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. This historic building appears to be abandoned. Located at the end of the east breakwater pier of Lomonosov harbor. Site status unknown.
Lomonosov Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); continuous red light. 14 m (46 ft) round cylindrical tower with gallery; the tower carries side panels as a daymark. Lighthouse painted white with red vertical stripes. Dmitry Rostopshin's photo is at right, Trabas has Klaus Kern's closeup photo, another photo and a third photo are available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located near the base of the east breakwater pier of Lomonosov harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty C4047.
Lomonosov Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); continuous red light. 28 m (92 ft) steel post with side panels providing a daymark. Lighthouse painted white with red vertical stripes. Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, the light appears on the right in a distant view, and its shadow is seen in Google's satellite view. Located on a broad quay on the east side of Lomonosov. Site probably open, tower closed. Admiralty C4047.1.
Lomonosov Range Front Light
Lomonsov Range Front Light, 2008
Panoramio photo copyright Dmitry Rostopshin
used by permission
Sidorovskiy Kanal Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); green light, 2 s on, 1 s off, visible only on the range line. 18 m (56 ft) square or triangular cylindrical skeletal tower; the front of the tower is covred by a slatted daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located about 200 m (220 yd) southwest of the front light. Site probably open, tower closed. Admiralty C4048.1.

Petrodvortsovy District: Strel'na and Petrodvorets (Peterhof) Lighthouses
Note: Strel'na and Petergof (also called Peterdvorets or, in English and German, Peterhof) are smaller municipalities southwest of St. Petersburg on the south shore of Neva Bay. Both are the sites of large czarist palaces, now museums attracting large numbers of tourists.
* Petergof Range East Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white light occulting once every 3 s. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower mounted on a 1-story equipment shelter. The tower is painted red and carries a slatted daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. A closeup photo is available, Beasley has a photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located in Petergof, about 200 m (600 ft) west of the small boat harbor. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4051.
* Petergof Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 6 m (20 ft); quick-flashing white light. 4 m (13 ft) concrete tower attached to a rectangular 1-story structure topped by an observation deck. Lighthouse painted white with red vertical stripes. Dmitry Shchukin has a photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. This light is the front light for both the east and west ranges. Located at the end of the breakwater pier sheltering the small boat harbor at Petergof. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower probably open. Admiralty C4050.
* Petergof West Range Rear
1887. Active; focal plane about 11 m (36 ft); white light, 1.5 s on, 1.5 s off. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical cast iron (?) tower with lantern, gallery, and skeletal braces on the seaward side. Tower painted white, lantern and watch room red, and there is a white-bordered red vertical stripe shone on the range line. Larry Myhre's photo is at right, a closeup is available, Lightphotos.net has a page for the lighthouse, Beasley has a photo and a more distant view, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Thanks to its location on the grounds of the Imperial palace, this small lighthouse is often photographed. Located in Petergof, below the palace and about 300 m (1000 ft) east of the small boat harbor. Site open, tower closed. Site manager: Petergof State Museum-Reserve. ARLHS ERU-317; Admiralty C4052.
Petrovskiy Kanal Range Rear
2007. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 25 m (82 ft) round cylindrical tower with gallery, mounted on an octagonal concrete platform supported by piles. Lighthouse painted white with a red vertical stripe. Vladimir Kolesnikov has a good photo, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. This range guides vessels bound for Petergof from St. Petersburg. Located about 3 km (2 mi) northeast of the Petergof waterfront. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4076.611.
Petrovskiy Kanal Range Front
2007. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off, visible only on the range line. 10 m (30 ft) round cylindrical tower with gallery, mounted on an octagonal concrete platform supported by piles. Lighthouse painted white with a red vertical stripe. Dmitry Shchukin has a good photo, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located about 1.7 km (1.1 mi) northeast of the rear light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4076.61.
Peterhof Range Rear Light
Petrodvorets West Range Rear Light, June 2008
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Larry Myhre
* Strel'na Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green light occulting once every 3 s. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower mounted on a square concrete base. Tower painted black, base white; the tower also carries a slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. Vladimir Batarin has a good photo, a second photo and a third photo are available, and Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. Located at the end of the west breakwater at Strel'na. Probably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4063.
* Strel'na Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); green light occulting once every 3 s. 25 m (82 ft) triangular skeletal tower mounted on a square concrete base. Tower painted black, base white; the tower also carries a rectangular daymark consisting of two white vertical panels with a red vertical panel in the center. A photo is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located behind the parking lot of the small boat harbor at Strel'na. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4063.01.

Kirovsky District (Downtown St. Petersburg) Lighthouses
Lesnoy Mole Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); red light, 2 s on, 1 s off. 16 m (52 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted black. The upper 2/3 of the west side of the tower carries a slatted daymark, painted red with a black vertical stripe. Trabas has a closeup photo by Capt. Peter (also seen at right), and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the Lesnoy docks on the St. Petersburg waterfront. Site and tower probably closed to the public. Admiralty C4062; NGA 13072.
Lesnoy Mole Range Middle
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); green light, 3 s on, 2 s off. 24 m (79 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black. Trabas has a photo by Capt. Peter, and the shadow of the tower is seen amidst a large number of containers in a Google satellite view. Located at the west end of the containership port; site and tower probably closed to the public. Admiralty C4062.05; NGA 13074.
Lesnoy Mole Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 76 m (249 ft); red light occulting once every 4 s. 73 m (239 ft) round tower with lantern and several galleries, painted with red and white horizontal bands. Larry Myhre's photo is at the top of this page, Lightphotos.net has a page with an excellent photo, and the long shadow of the tower is conspicuous in this Google satellite view. This remarkable and nearly-unknown tower is the tallest Russian lighthouse and one of the tallest lighthouses in the world. The range guides ships from the Morskoy Kanal into the commericial harbor of St. Petersburg, on the south side of the city. Located in a dockyard area on the waterfront; site and tower probably closed to the public. Admiralty C4062.2; NGA 13076.
Korabel'nyy Kanal
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; continuous white, red or green light depending on direction. Approx. 60 m (200 ft) round tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. Natalia Semenova has a 2011 photo, another photo is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on a quay in the Gutuevskaya docks on the St. Petersburg waterfront. Site and tower probably closed to the public. Admiralty C4074.2; NGA 13078.
* Ostrov Krestovskiy Range Front
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 14 m (46 ft); continuous red light. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical tower, painted white with a red vertical stripe. A photo taken from the south and a more distant view from the north are available, and Google has a satellite view and a distant street view. The rear light should be on a similar tower about 200 m (650 ft) to the east, but Google does not show a tower in that area. Krestovskiy Island is at the northwestern corner of the Neva delta in St. Petersburg. Located beside a waterfront boulevard on the southwestern side of the island. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4076.5.

Lesnoy Mole Range Front Light
photo copyright Capt. Peter Mosselberger
used by permission
* St. Petersburg Rostral Columns
1811. Inactive as aids to navigation. Two ornate red columns with galleries, topped by gas burners on tripods and decorated with six ship's prows. Lights were displayed at the tops of the towers during the nineteenth century and decorative gas lights are lit there on special occasions today. Wikipedia has an article with several photos, Huelse has a historic postcard view, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. The columns were originally lit with oil; they have never had modern lamps. Located at the eastern end of Vasilievski Island in downtown St. Petersburg, where the Neva River divides into two channels as it approaches the Gulf of Finland. Site open, towers closed. Site manager: City of St. Petersburg. ARLHS ERU-311.

Kurortny District: Zelenogorsk Lighthouses
* Zelenogorskaya Gavan' Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 5 m (17 ft) round cylindrical tower with lantern, painted orange with a white vertical stripe on the range line. Zelenogorsk (Terijoki in Finnish) is a town on the north side of the westernmost Gulf of Finland, about 50 km (30 mi) northwest of downtown St. Petersburg. The small harbor here had been abandoned, but it recent years it has been redeveloped as a yacht harbor. It appears that the range lights have been moved, perhaps several times, as this development has proceeded. A 2004 photo shows the front light standing on an undeveloped beach. Wikimedia's 2007 photo of the harbor shows the light standing next to hotels under construction. A February 2008 photo shows both range lights (at the right edge of the image) standing close to the shore. Google's satellite view shows the front light apparently on the quay in front of the hotels. We need better information from this station! Site open, tower closed. RU 2201-1706; Admiralty C4081.5.
* Zelenogorskaya Gavan' Range Rear
Date unknown. Listed as active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical tower with lantern, painted white with a red vertical stripe on the range line. The present location of this light is unknown. Serge Timoshe has a 2005 photo showing the light in the woods behind the beach. A February 2008 photo shows both range lights (at the right edge of the image) standing close to the shore, but the rear light is not seen here in Google's current satellite view. There is a 2009 photo of this light or a similar light, but the location is uncertain. Located near the waterfront of Zelenogorsk. RU 2201-1707; Admiralty C4081.51.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

  • Tricentennial Park (1995). This 22 m (72 ft) round granite tower with an observation room at the top was built as the centerpiece of Tricentennial Park, developed to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the founding of St. Petersburg. Described by Russian Wikipedia's article as a "stylized beacon," it does not appear to be used as an aid to navigation. Google has a satellite view and a distant street view.

Adjoining pages: North: Vyborg Area | East: Lake Ladoga | Southwest: Eastern Estonia | West: Ingria

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Posted May 22, 2005. Checked and revised April 2, 2014. Lighthouses: 40; lightships: 1. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.