Lighthouses of Sudan
Sudan is one of the largest countries in Africa, but its coastline
is limited to about 850 km (530 mi) on the Red Sea between Egypt and
Eritrea. British forces conquered Sudan in the 1890s, and in 1899 the
country was placed nominally under joint British and Egyptian rule. In
fact, Sudan was administered as a British colony until it was granted
independence in 1956.
Bur Sudan (Port Sudan), founded by the British colonial government in
1909, is the principal port. Although violence has marred the southern
and western parts of the country for many years, the coastline has
been relatively peaceful and is open to tourism. Coral reefs off the Sudanese coast
in the Red Sea attract scuba divers from around the world.
The Arabic word for a lighthouse is mnarh or manara (منارة). Ra's is a cape, jaza'ir or jazirat is an island, and shi'b is a reef.
Aids to navigation in Sudan are maintained by the Sudan
Sea Ports Corporation.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS
World List of Lights. Lights on this page were formerly included in volume E of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog
Signals, but in 2013 they were moved to volume D with new numbers. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.
- General Sources
- World of Lighthouses - Sudan
- Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Leuchttürme auf historischen Postkarten
- Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse.
Sanganeb Reef Light, Red Sea, December 2007
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Clifton Beard
- Red Sea Reef Lighthouses
- Abington Reef
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); two white flashes every
18 s. 30 m (98 ft) square pyramidal iron skeletal tower with gallery, mounted
on a square concrete pier. Mariacristina Pulliero has a blog with several photos (one of which is at right), Keresztes Áron has a photo, a distant view (about 1/3 the way down the page) is available, and Google has a fuzzy satellite view.
Located on a reef about 30 km (19 mi) due east of the fishing port of Muhammad
Qol (Qawl) in the northeastern corner of Sudan. This reef is also a popular
dive site, but it is much more remote than Sanganeb Reef. Accessible only
by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS SUD-001; Admiralty D7295.9 (ex-E6058); NGA 30608.
- ** Sanganeb Reef (2)
- Date unknown (station established 1906). Active; focal plane 50 m (165 ft);
white flash every 5 s. 50 m (165 ft) concrete tower with lantern and gallery,
attached to a 2-story concrete crew quarters. 5th order Fresnel lens in use. Fog horn (3 s blast every 30
s). Clifton Beard's photo is above, Jonathan Proud has posted numerous photos,
another nice photo is available, Colin Jones has a 2007 photo,
Dusan Richtarik has a 2009 photo, and Bing has a satellite view.
Sanganeb Reef is one of several very dangerous reefs in the Red Sea east and
northeast of Bur Sudan. This light station is one of a chain of stations established
by the British on desert islands of the Red Sea to protect shipping between
Europe and Asia. The original lighthouse, seen in a postcard
view posted by Huelse, was a wonder of its age, a 55 m (180 ft)
skeletal lighthouse similar in design to the Florida Reef lighthouses in the
U.S. The present lighthouse is permanently staffed by the Sudanese military
as an assertion of Sudanese sovereignty over the reefs. The reef is considered
one of the best diving sites in the world, but no expedition to the reef is
complete without climbing the lighthouse. Located at the south point of the
reef about 25 km (16 mi) east northeast of the Bur Sudan entrance. Accessible
only by boat; boats can be chartered at Bur Sudan. Site open, tower open by
arrangement with the keepers. ARLHS SUD-003; Admiralty D7295.8 (ex-E6058.5); NGA 30612.
Abington Reef Light, Red Sea, June 2012
photo copyright Mariacristina Pulliero; permission requested
- Nimra Talata (Wingate Reef East)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 7 m (23 ft) concrete tower, painted in a black and white checkered pattern, mounted on a concrete pier. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Wingate Reef is famous among divers for the wreck of the Umbria, an Italian freighter that sank in June 1940 carrying munitions to Italian troops in East Africa. Located at the northeastern tip of the reef system, about 15 km (9 mi) off the entrance to Bur Sudan. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS SUD-004; Admiralty D7295.79 (ex-E6059); NGA 30620.
- Silayet (Wingate Reef South)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 8.5 m (28 ft); green flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) skeletal tower, painted black, with a white equipment shelter, mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located at the south end of the reef, about 5 km (3 mi) southwest of Wingate Reef East light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty D7295.78 (ex-E6059.2); NGA 30616.
Bur Sudan (Port Sudan) Lighthouses
- Bur Sudan (?)
- 2011. Active (?); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 38 m (125 ft) octagonal cylindrical white concrete tower with lantern and an octagonal structure near the top. An aerial photo by Arpad Dudas is at right, and Google has a satellite view. We need information on this attractive new lighthouse. A 2010 photo shows the tower without the lantern. It is likely that the building is a harbor control tower replacing the former pilot tower (see below), and its light, assuming it has one, probably replaces the former East Town Light described by NGA and by the Admiralty as being mounted on a water tower. (An Indian Notice to Mariners in October 2011 listed that light as being deactivated.) Located on the east side of the entrance the harbor, adjacent to an industrial area. Site status unknown.
- * Bur Sudan Harbor Range Front
- 2004. Active; focal plane about 36 m (118 ft); continuous red neon light. 34.5 m (113 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted red. A photo is available (taken from the front of the Hilton Hotel), Ahmed Hassan has a photo, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located in downtown Port Sudan. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty D7295.65 (ex-E6061); NGA 30648.
- * Bur Sudan Harbor Range Rear
- 2004. Active; focal plane about 53 m (175 ft); continuous red neon light. 48 m (157 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located in downtown Port Sudan 969 m (0.6 mi) northwest of the front light. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty D7295.655 (ex-E6061.1); NGA 30652.
- #Bur Sudan (Port Sudan) Pilot Tower
- Date unknown. Inactive since 2006 and apparently demolished. 23 m (75 ft) square cylindrical tower with
a large observation and control room, topped by radar equipment . The
building was white with red-brown trim; from a distance it appeared to
have brown and white vertical striping. A good photo is available. The old tower was located
on the south side of the harbor. ARLHS SUD-005; ex-Admiralty E6060.6; ex-NGA 30638.
- Damma Damma
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); quick-flashing red light. 8 m (26 ft) skeletal tower, painted in a red and white checkerboard pattern and mounted on a concrete pier. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located off the south side of the entrance to the harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty D7295.6 (ex-E6060); NGA 30632.
Harbor Control Light, Bur Sudan, May 2011
Panoramio photo copyright Arpad Dudas; used by permission
- Bur Sudan (Port Sudan) Entrance
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (63 ft); two white flashes
every 10 s. 22 m (72 ft) round stone tower with lantern and gallery, painted
black with one white horizontal band; lantern painted white. Graham
Merg has a distant view,
and Google has a satellite view.
We need a closeup photo of this substantial and historic lighthouse. Located on a usually-submerged sandbar on the south side of the entrance
to Bur Sudan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown.
ARLHS SUD-002; AdmiraltyD7295.5 (ex-E6059.4); NGA 30636.
Sawākin (Suakin) Islands Lighthouses
- Note: Sawākin is a seaport about 50 km (30 mi) south of Port Sudan. Prior to the colonial era it was the chief port on this coast. The Sawākin Islands are a large group of low islands and shoals off Sawākin.
- Hindī Gider
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); two white flashes every 20 s. Approx. 24 m (79 ft) square skeletal tower, painted red; there appears to be an enclosed workroom in the base of the tower. A view from the sea is available, but the tower is not seen in Bing's distant satellite view. This reef is often visited by divers. Located on a small island near the northwestern end of the Sawākin archipelago, about 80 km (50 mi) southeast of Port Sudan. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty D7295.031 (ex-E6078); NGA 30684.
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); white flash every 10 s. Approx. 24 m (79 ft) square skeletal tower, painted red; there appears to be an enclosed workroom in the base of the tower. Stefano Colombari has a closeup photo, and a view from the sea (halfway down the page) is available, but the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located on Masamirit, a small island near the southeastern end of the Sawākin archipelago. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty D7295.03 (ex-E6082); NGA 30688.
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining pages: North: Egypt Red Sea | South: Eritrea
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Posted July 6, 2005. Checked and revised July 8, 2016. Lighthouses:
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