Lighthouses of Southern Thailand: East Coast

Most of Thailand faces south onto the Gulf of Thailand, an arm of the South China Sea. The country also includes much of the long and narrow Malay Peninsula, which faces both east on the Gulf of Thailand and west on the Andaman Sea, an arm of the Indian Ocean. This page includes lighthouses of the Malay Peninsula's east coast.

The Andaman Sea coast of Thailand has become a popular resort area in recent years, although some of the beach resorts were heavily damaged by the great tsunami of 26 December 2004.

Thailand is unique among southeast Asian nations in having maintained its independence throughout the colonial period. As a result, the country's lighthouse history is also independent from all of the European traditions. Most of the country's historic lighthouses were built during or shortly after the reign of King Chulalongkorn (1868-1910), who was successful in modernizing the country while avoiding European penetration. More information on these lighthouses is needed.

A number of attractive new lighthouses have been built recently in tourist areas. As far as I know, these are faux lighthouses or unofficial lights.

Coastal lighthouses in Thailand are operated and maintained by the Hydrographic Department of the Royal Thai Navy; lighthouses in the Bangkok area are operated and maintained by the Port Authority of Thailand. In the Thai language, the word for a lighthouse is praphakhan (ประภาคาร), ko or koh is an island, hin is a rock or reef, and laem is a cape.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Leuchttürme in Thailand
Photos taken in December 2007 and October 2014 by Andreas Köhler.
Online List of Lights - Thailand
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Lighthouses in Thailand
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
World of Lighthouses - Thailand
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.

Songkhla Light
Songkhla Light, Songkhla, June 2008
Panoramio photo copyright yusmansyah; used by permission

Prachuap Khiri Khan Province Lighthouse
Khao Takiab (Khao Takiap)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 130 m (427 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 6 m (20 ft) skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. NGA calls the tower a tripod. Lightphotos.net has Köhler's photo, a distant view is available (click on the photo for enlargement), and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located atop a huge monolith at Nong Kae, south of the popular Hua Hin beach resorts. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2932.7; NGA 20776.
Mae Nam Pran Buri (Pranburi) Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); yellow flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round bottle-shaped tower carrying a diamond-shaped daymark. Entire lighthouse is gray. Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on the north side of the Pranburi River about 500 m (1/3 mi) above the entrance. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2932.49.
Mae Nam Pran Buri (Pranburi) Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); yellow light, 1.5 s on. 1.5 s off. 18 m (59 ft) round barbell-shaped tower carrying a diamond-shaped daymark. Entire lighthouse is gray. Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located in a side channel of the Pranburi River about 100 m (110 yd) southwest of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2932.491.
Ko Sattakut
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 160 m (525 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 11 m (36 ft) triangular white concrete skeletal tower. Köhler's photo is at right, and the light can be seen in Google's distant satellite view. Located atop a steep-sided, heavily forested island off the cape of Khao Sam Roi Yot. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2932.4; NGA 20780.
Ko Raet
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 129 m (423 ft); white flash every 3 s. 4 m (13 ft) round white concrete tower with gallery. Google has a distant satellite view. Located atop a small island off Prachuap Khiri Khan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2932; NGA 20784.
* Prachuap Khiri Khan Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 25 m (82 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) triangular skeletal tower, painted white and carrying a yellow diamond-shaped daymark. Köhler has a photo of the two range lights, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the waterfront at a harbor just north of the Hlaem Mae Ramphung lighthouse. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2931.
* Prachuap Khiri Khan Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 30 m (98 ft); red light, characteristic unknown. Approx. 23 m (75 ft) triangular skeletal tower, painted white and carrying a yellow diamond-shaped daymark. Köhler has a photo of the two range lights, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located about 150 m (500 ft) northwest of the front light. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2931.1.
Ko Sattakut Light
Ko Sattakut Light, Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, November 2014
photo copyright Andreas Köhler; used by permission
Hlaem (Laem) Mae Ramphung
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 75 m (246 ft); white flash every 6 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. Köhler has a photo, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a prominent cape at Mae Ramphung on the west side of the Gulf of Thailand. Site status unknown. ARLHS THA-011; Admiralty F2930; NGA 20788.

Chumphon Province
Lighthouses
Ko Rang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 92 m (302 ft); white flashe every 9 s. 7 m (23 ft) white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located on a small island about 40 km (25 mi) northeast of Chomphon. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS THA-037; Admiralty F2928; NGA 20792.
Ko Mattaphon (Ko Mattra, Chomporn River) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1908). Active; focal plane 47 m (154 ft); white light, 2 s on, 7 s off. 6 m (20 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white, mounted on a temple structure of some kind. Another view is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on an island at the south side of the entrance to the harbor of Chumphon. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown, tower closed. ARLHS THA-025; Admiralty F2924; NGA 20796.
Ko Rang Banthat
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 6 m (20 ft) white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a small island about 8 km (5 mi) offshore and 50 km (30 mi) south of Chomphon. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS THA-038; Admiralty F2922; NGA 20800.
* [Mae Nam Tako]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); white flash every 3 s. 6 m (20 ft) white concrete post. Köhler has a photo, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the south side of the entrance to the port of Pak Nam Tako. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2923; NGA 20804.
* Lang Suan (3?)
Date unknown (station established 1910). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white or red light, depending on direction, occulting twice every 5 s. 17 m (56 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, lower portion concrete and upper portion steel. One of Köhler's photos is at right, he has a second photo, and Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. The previous lighthouse was a square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery. Located on the south side of the entrance to the Lang Suan River. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS THA-054; Admiralty F2920; NGA 20808.

Surat Thani Province Lighthouses
Ko Samui (Laem Sui)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); three white flashes every 12 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of a long sand spit at the northern entrance to the bay of Surat Thani. Site status unknown. ARLHS THA-050; Admiralty F2918; NGA 20848


Lang Suan Light, Chumphon Province, March 2017
photo copyright Andreas Köhler; used by permission

Ko Prap (Ko Prab) (2?)
Date unknown (station established 1907). Active; focal plane 74 m (243 ft); white light, 1.5 s on, 4.5 s off. 14 m (46 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery and a small lantern. A Navy photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. In a 2007 Notice to Mariners, the Admiralty gave the tower height as only 6 m (20 ft), but the focal plane was unchanged. More information is needed. Located on a small island in the bay of Surat Thani. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS THA-034; Admiralty F2916; NGA 20836.
Ko Tao
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 69 m (226 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. Agustí Duran Parra has contributed a view from the sea, and Google has a distant satellite view. Ko Tao is an island about 70 km (45 mi) east of the Malay Peninsula. It was uninhabited when it was annexed by Thailand in 1899. For several decades it was the site of a political prison, but now it has resorts catering to ecotourists and scuba divers. The island is accessible by ferries from Chumphon and Surat Thani. Located at the northeastern tip of the island. Site and tower closed. ARLHS THA-042; Admiralty F2915.3; NGA 20812.
Ko Pha Ngan (Ko Phangan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 104 m (341 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. The lighthouse is barely visible in Wikimedia's aerial view (atop the cape at lower left), Loic Camus has a street view taken from the top of the lighthouse, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Ko Pha Ngan is a popular resort island about 50 km (30 mi) southeast of Ko Tao and a similar distance north of the mainland. Located on a sharp promontory at the southeastern tip of the island. Site status unknown. ARLHS THA-032; Admiralty F2915.2; NGA 20816.
Laem Yai (Ko Samui)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 58 m (190 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. Google has a satellite view. The largest Thai island, Ko Samui is halfway between Ko Phangan and the mainland. Located on a sharp promontory at the northwestern tip of the island. Site status unknown. ARLHS THA-053; Admiralty F2915; NGA 20820.
Ko Palikan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This light guides ships in a narrow passage between the mainland and the islands northwest of Surat Thani. Located atop the island of Ko Palikan. Site status unknown. ARLHS THA-030; Admiralty F2915.4; NGA 20828.
Ko Prap Light
Ko Prap Light, Surat Thani
Thai Navy photo
Ko Wang Nai
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 69 m (226 ft); three white flashes every 9 s. 9 m (30 ft) (?) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. In the satellite view the tower appears taller than its listed height. Located on an island in the strait separating Ko Samui from the mainland. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS THA-044; Admiralty F2914; NGA 20832.

Nakhon Si Thammarat Province Lighthouses
* Sichon
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); flash every 3 s, white or red depending on direction. 11 m (36 ft) triangular skeletal tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. Köhler has a photo, and Google has a street view, but the small tower is hard to find in Google's satellite view. Located adjacent to a parking lot at the base of the south breakwater at Sichon. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2912; NGA 20852.
Nakhon (Mae Nam Pak Phun)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 3 s. 30 m (98 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located about 16 km (10 mi) south of Tha Sala at the northern entrance to Nakhon Bay. Site status unknown. ARLHS THA-056; Admiralty F2910; NGA 20856.
Laem Talumphuk
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 29 m (95 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. Köhler has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on Laem Talumphuk, a hooked sand spit on the east side of Nakhon Bay. Site status unknown. ARLHS THA-052; Admiralty F2908; NGA 20860.
Ko Kra
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 178 m (584 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. 15 m (49 ft) white concrete tripod tower. No photo available, and Google has only a distant satellite view of the island. Located on a small, isolated island about 65 km (40 mi) east of Laem Telumchuk. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2909; NGA 20868.

Songkhla Province Lighthouses
* Ranot
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 3 s. 31 m (102 ft) skeletal tower carrying a circular slatted daymark, painted white. One of Köhler's photos is at right, he has a similar photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at Pak Trae in the Ranot District, at the north end of Songkhla Province. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2907; NGA 20872.

Ranot Light, Songkhla Province, March 2017
photo copyright Andreas Köhler; used by permission
Songkhla Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 3 s. 11 m (36 ft) round barbell-shaped metal tower, painted white and mounted on a platform supported by piles. This is the entrance range for Songkhla. Google has a street view from shore and a distant satellite view. Located a short distance off the Songkhla waterfront. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2905; NGA 20884.
* Songkhla Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); green light, 2.5 s on, 2.5 s off. 11 m (36 ft) round barbell-shaped metal tower, painted white and standing on a large boulder. Google has a street view, but the tower is inconspicuous in Google's satellite view. Located next to a major street one block from the waterfront. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F2905.1; NGA 20888.
* Songkhla (Singora, Khao Tang Kuan)
1897. Active; focal plane 107 m (351 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 14 m (46 ft) round white stucco-clad brick tower; lantern removed. An excellent closeup is at the top of this page, Pakin Thanomkiat has a 2015 photo, a photo by Michael Holland and a closeup (1/3 the way down the page) are also available, Michel Forand has a historic photo, and Google has a satellite view and a closeup street view. According to a local source (see entry #4), "The lighthouse was built by Phraya Wichian Khiri in 1897." Early light lists give 1909 as the date of establishment, but that was the date when the Thai royal government assumed direct control of Songkhla province and the lighthouse. The historic tower has been restored and painted recently. Located at the north end of a Buddhist temple complex on Tang Kuan hill, the highest point of a peninsula on the east side of the harbor entrance in Songkhla. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS THA-068; Admiralty F2904; NGA 20880.

Pattani Province Lighthouses
* Mae Nam Pattani
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) round barbell-shaped white tower carrying a diamond-shaped daymark. Sarawut Ainthakat has a street view, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. This appears to be a leading light or perhaps the front light of a range. Located on the south side of the entrance to Pattani harbor. Site appears open, tower closed. Admiralty F2902.
Laem Ta Chi
Date unknown (station established 1913). Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); three white flashes every 8 s. 29 m (95 ft) square pyramidal steel skeletal tower with gallery and a small lantern. Google has a hazy satellite view. Located near the end of a spit sheltering the harbor of Pattani. Site status unknown, tower closed. ARLHS THA-051; Admiralty F2900; NGA 20896.
Ko Losin
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower mounted on a concrete or masonry base. Tower painted white, base black with a white horizontal band. A photo and another photo are available. Located on an isolated rock about 90 km (56 mi) east northeast of Pattani. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS THA-023; Admiralty F2895; NGA 20876.
Khlong Sai Buri
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); white flash every 5 s. 26 m (85 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. Google has a street view and a fuzzy satellite view. Located at Sai Buri, a small port in southeastern Pattani province. Site status unknown, tower closed. ARLHS THA-014; Admiralty F2898; NGA 20912.

Narathiwat Province Lighthouse
* Tak Bai (Sungai Kolok)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); white, red, or green light, depending on direction, 3 s on, 2 s off. 25 m (82 ft) round 2-stage white concrete tower with three galleries; the lower half of the tower is round and topped by a broad octagonal gallery; the upper section appears to be an hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower added to raise the height of the light. A photo is at right, a 2016 photo is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located beside a street in Tak Bai, just across the river from Malaysia. ARLHS THA-061; Admiralty F2895.4; NGA 20878.

Tak Bai (Sungai Kolok) Light, Tak Bai, January 2008
Panoramio photo copyright Rusdyzzz; permission requested

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: Northeast: Central Thailand | Southeast: West Malayasia East Coast | West: Southern Thailand: West Coast

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted February 28, 2006. Checked and revised February 13, 2018. Lighthouses: 32. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.