Turkmenistan, a country of central Asia, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union until 1991. At its western end, Turkmenistan borders the southeastern quadrant of the landlocked Caspian Sea (known as the Hazar Sea in the Turkmen language). The Caspian is often called the world's largest lake; although landlocked, it has a busy international trade.
The only port of any size is Türkmenbaşy (or Turkmenbashi, known as Krasnovodsk under Russian and Soviet rule). Accessible by air and also by ferry from Baku in Azerbaijan, Türkmenbaşy is the country's main point of contact with Europe.
The Turkmen language has been written in Arabic and Cyrillic scripts (and both versions are still in use) but since the fall of the Soviet Union a modified Latin script has been official. The Turkmen word for a lighthouse, maýak, is adopted from Russian. As in Turkish, ada is the word for an island and burun is a cape.
Aids to navigation in the country are presumably maintained by the transport ministry.
Special thanks to Michel Forand for his assistance in identifying and locating Turkmen lighthouses.
Since lighthouses on the Caspian are not included in international light lists not much is known about them. Further information, especially photos, would be welcome.
These lighthouses are also not on the ARLHS list, because the society does not even have a page for the country.
Tarta Light, Türkmenbaşy, June 2007
photo copyright Oleg Storozhenko; used by permission
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining pages: North: Kazakhstan | West: Northern Iran
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Posted April 28, 2008. Checked and revised July 26, 2014. Lighthouses: 9. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.