Lighthouses of Turkey: Northern Anatolia

Most of the modern nation of Turkey occupies the broad peninsula of Anatolia (Asia Minor) between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. The northwestern corner of the country is the region of eastern Thrace, a part of Europe adjoining Greece and Bulgaria. Between Anatolia and Thrace is the small Sea of Marmara, connected to the Black Sea by the Bosporus and to the Aegean Sea by the Dardanelles. These narrow passages form a famous international waterway, lit by several historic lighthouses, connecting the Black Sea to the Mediterranean.

This page describes the lighthouses of Turkey's Black Sea coast in Anatolia, that is, east of the Bosporus entrance.

The Turkish word for a lighthouse is fener (plural fenerler) or deniz feneri ("sea lantern"). Burnu is a cape or headland, ada or adası is an island, and limani is a harbor. Lighthouses in Turkey are operated by the Directorate General of Coastal Safety (Kıyı Emniyeti Genel Müdürlüğü).

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. TR numbers are Turkish light list numbers as reported by the Admiralty. Admiralty numbers are from volume E of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 113.

General Sources
Deniz Fenerleri
Photos of 22 lighthouses by Haluk Özözlü.
Lighthouses R Us - Turkey North
This page by C.W. Bash preserves a series of small photos formerly posted on the Directorate General's web site.
Lighthouses of Turkish Seashores
A blog by Matthew K. Jones has photos and information about Turkish lighthouses.
Lighthouses in Turkey
Photos available from Wikimedia.
World of Lighthouses - Turkey
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Europäische Leuchttürme auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse.
Şile Feneri
Şile Light, Şile, August 2009
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Darwinek
Eastern İstanbul Province Lighthouse
*** Şile (Şile Burnu)
1859. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); one long (1.5 s) white flash every 15 s. 19 m (62 ft) octagonal stone tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 1-story stone keeper's house. Tower painted white with narrow black horizontal bands. This is a staffed station, and the keepers still wind the mechanism rotating the light. A photo appears at the top of this page; in addition, a 2005 photo, a black-and-white closeup photo, and a distant view are available, and the Coastal Safety Directorate has the history of the station. Michel Forand has a historic photo showing the lighthouse without the black bands. Cape Şile is the first prominent cape east of İstanbul on Turkey's Black Sea coast. Built by French engineers under contract to the Ottoman Empire, the lighthouse is one of Turkey's best known and most beautiful. The station has been designated a National Historic Landmark. Located on the point of the cape about 1 km (0.6 mi) northeast of the town of Şile. Site open, tower listed by the Coastal Safety Directorate as open to visitors. ARLHS TUR-046; Admiralty E5832; NGA 19680.

Kocaeli Province Lighthouse
* Kefken Adası (Kefkenada) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1879). Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 10 m (33 ft) octagonal cylindrical white concrete observation tower with a flared top and double gallery. Fog horn (two blasts every 20 s). A Coast Guard station adjoins the lighthouse. A closeup photo is at right, Özözlü has a distant photo (last photo in third row), another view from the sea is available, and Google has a satellite view. The history of this station is unknown; a 1920 light list describes the light as a 7 m (23 ft) metal column. One of the few islands on Turkey's Black Sea coast, Kefken is located off Kefken Burnu, a prominent cape about 50 km (30 mi) east of Şile. Site of a 14th century Genoese fortress, the island is a tourist attraction. Boat transportation to the island is available. Located near the west end of the island, overlooking the island's harbor. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS TUR-058; TR-10510; Admiralty E5830; NGA 19664.

Zonguldak Province Lighthouses
Ereğli Outer Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); two green flashes every 5 s. 6 m (20 ft) white concrete tower "on hexagonal building," according to NGA. No closeup photo available; only the upper part of the tower is seen in a distant view from the sea. Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the new south outer breakwater of Ereğli. Site status unknown. Admiralty E5828; NGA 19652.
Kefken Adası Light
Kefken Adası Light, Kefken
Coastal Safety Directorate photo
Ölüce Burnu
1863. Active; focal plane 78 m (256 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 9 m (30 ft) round tower, attached to the seaward end of a keeper's house. Lighthouse painted white. David Lianez has a 2010 photo, Mustafa Kilic has a closeup of the lantern and lens, and the lighthouse is easy to find in a Google satellite view. Located on Mount Kestaneci, a prominent cape about 3 km (2 mi) north of Ereğli. Site status unknown; Kilic's photo suggests that the lighthouse can be viewed from nearby. ARLHS TUR-044; TR-10470; Admiralty E5826; NGA 19632.
Zonguldak West Breakwater
2002. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower mounted on a round, truncated conical stone tower. The tower is unpainted except the concrete gallery rail is painted green. A photo is available, Bash has a Coastal Safety Directorate photo (1/4 the way down the page), and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater of Zonguldak harbor. Site status unknown. TR-10430; Admiralty E5822; NGA 19620.
Zonguldak North Breakwater
2002. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); red flash every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower mounted on a round, truncated conical stone tower. The tower is unpainted except the concrete gallery rail is painted red. Serkan Şeşen has a photo, another photo is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Huelse has a historic postcard view of an earlier light at this harbor entrance. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Zonguldak harbor. Site status unknown. TR-10420; Admiralty E5821; NGA 19624.
* Zonguldak (2)
1920s (station established 1908). Active; focal plane 53 m (174 ft); white flash every 5 s. 9 m (30 ft) round masonry tower with lantern and gallery, attached to the seaward side of a 1-story keeper's house. Lighthouse painted white. Lokman Önsoy's photo is at right, Ali Turner has a photo, the lighthouse appears on a postage stamp, and Google has a satellite view. Turkish Wikipedia has a view of the town from the lighthouse, possibly taken from an adjacent city park. The original lighthouse was a wood tower. Zonguldak Province is Turkey's leading coal-mining area, although production has declined in recent years. Located on a high promontory at the northeast entrance to Zonguldak harbor. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS TUR-057; TR-10410; Admiralty E5820; NGA 19608.
Zonguldak Light
Zonguldak Light, Zonguldak, September 2007
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Lokman Önsoy

Bartın Province Lighthouses
Demirli Burnu
1965. Active; focal plane 70 m (230 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is unpainted white concrete. Bash has a Coastal Safety Directorate photo (1/3 the way down the page), and the lighthouse is seen in a Google satellite view. Located on a promontory on the south side of Bartın harbor, 12 km (7.5 mi) northwest of the city. Site and tower closed. TR-10394; Admiralty E5818.4; NGA 19588.
Bartın Limani South Breakwater
1965. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); three green flashes every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is unpainted white concrete. Bash has a Coastal Safety Directorate photo (1/3 the way down the page), both breakwater lights are seen in Ilgar Agayev's sunset photo, and the lighthouse is seen in a Google satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Bartın harbor. Site and tower closed. TR-10396; Admiralty E5818.6; NGA 19596.
Bartın Limani North Breakwater
1965. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); two red flashes every 5 s. 7 m (23 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is unpainted white concrete. Both breakwater lights are seen in Ilgar Agayev's sunset photo, and the lighthouse is seen in a Google satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Bartın harbor, 12 km (7.5 mi) northwest of the city. Site and tower closed. TR-10395; Admiralty E5818.5; NGA 19592.
Amasra
1863. Active; focal plane 77 m (253 ft); white flash every 10 s. 7.5 m (25 ft) lantern mounted at the seaward end of a 1-story masonry keeper's house. A 2008 photo is at right, and the lighthouse is seen in a Google satellite view. This light is a sibling of the Sinop lighthouse. Amasra is a small port about 15 km (9 mi) northeast of the city of Bartın. Located atop a cliff on the north side of a steep-sided island northwest of Amasra harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty E5817; NGA 19576.
* Amasra North Breakwater
1961. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped steel tower, painted white. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater; accessible by walking the mole. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty E5817.5; NGA 19584.
Amasra South Breakwater
1961. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped steel tower, painted white. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south (really the east) breakwater. Site and tower closed. Admiralty E5818; NGA 19580.
Amasra Feneri
Amasra Light, Amasra, July 2008
Wikimedia public domain photo by Nosferatü
* Kurucaşile
1963. Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); white flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) concrete post light rising from a round concrete base. Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory just west of the harbor of Kurucaşile. Site open, tower closed. TR-10377; Admiralty E5816.7; NGA 19572.

Kastamonu Province Lighthouses
* Kerempe Burnu
1885. Active; focal plane 82 m (269 ft); one long (2 s) white flash every 20 s. 8 m (26 ft) round stone tower attached to the front of a 1-story stone keeper's house. Entire lighthouse painted white. A photo by İsmail Refik Görgülü is at right, G. Arslan has a 2008 closeup, the lighthouse appears on a postage stamp, and Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse is on a mountainous cape, at the top of a cliff about 250 m (800 ft) from the shore. Located about 8 km (5 mi) west of Doğanyurt. Accessible by road. Site apparently open, tower closed. ARLHS TUR-007; TR-10370; Admiralty E5816; NGA 19556.
İnebolu North Breakwater
1953. Active; focal plane 13.5 m (45 ft); green flash every 3 s. 7 m (23 ft) round concrete tower, painted white. Bash has a Coastal Safety Directorate photo (nearly halfway down the page), but Google's satellite view does not reveal the tower. Located at the end of the north (outer) breakwater of İnebolu. Site status unknown. TR-10340; Admiralty E5813; NGA 19548.
İnebolu (2)
Date unknown (station established 1863). Active; focal plane 38 m (125 ft); white flash every 10 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery and four ribs. Entire lighthouse is white. Bash has a Coastal Safety Directorate photo (nearly halfway down the page), and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a promontory overlooking the harbor of İnebolu. Site status unknown. TR-10330; Admiralty E5812; NGA 19544.
Kerempe Feneri
Kerempe Light, Doğanyurt, August 2011
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by İsmail Refik Görgülü

Sinop Province Lighthouses
Note: Sinop (Sinope) has been a Black Sea port for at least 3000 years; it has one of the few naturally protected harbors on Anatolia's north coast. The city today has a population of about 40,000.
Usta Burnu (Ayancık)
1963. Active; focal plane 29 m (87 ft); white flash every 5 s. 6 m (20 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower mounted atop a square 1-story concrete equipment room. No photo available, and Google's satellite view does not show the tower, which may be hidden in shadows. Located on a prominent cape at Çaylıoğlu, about 8 km (5 mi) west of Ayancık. Site status unknown. TR-10320; Admiralty E5811; NGA 19536.
* İnce Burun (Sinop)
1863. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); four white flashes every 20 s. 12 m (39 ft) masonry tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 1-story masonry keeper's house. The upper portion of the tower is octagonal and the lower portion is square. Entire lighthouse painted white. Three additional keeper's houses or other light station buildings. A photo by Nurettin Mert Aydin is at right, Kerim Arli has a good 2007 photo, Okan Çalış has a photo, and Google has a satellite view of the station. This lighthouse stands on the northernmost point of Turkey. Note: Turkey has several other İnce Buruns. Located on the point of the cape, about 25 km (15 mi) west northwest of Sinop. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS TUR-005; TR-10310; Admiralty E5810; NGA 19532.
* Sinop (Boztepe Burnu)
1863. Active; focal plane 107 m (351 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. 4 m (13 ft) lantern mounted on a concrete pedestal and attached to the seaward side of a small 1-story concrete keeper's house. Entire lighthouse is white. Bash has a Coastal Safety Directorate photo (halfway down the page), and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. This might be the original lighthouse covered by stucco. Boztepe Burnu is a promontory, shaped rather like a turkey's head, that protects the harbor of Sinop, one of the oldest ports of Turkey's Black Sea coast. Located at the tip of the promontory. Accessible by road. Site apparently open, tower closed. TR-10290; Admiralty E5808; NGA 19512.
* Gerze (Kosk Burnu)
1944. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 3 s. 6 m (20 ft) round concrete tower with double gallery and four ribs. Entire light house is white. A photo is available, C. Tosun also has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory that shelters the harbor of Gerze, about 25 km (15 mi) south of Sinop. Site open, tower closed. TR-10280; Admiralty E5807; NGA 19508.
* Gerze North Mole
Date unknown. Active; characteristics unknown. Approx. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater mole of Gerze. Accessible by walking the mole. Site open, tower closed.
Sinop Light
İnce Burun Light, Sinop, September 2009
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Nurettin Mert Aydin

Samsun Province Lighthouses
* Bafra Burnu
1880. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); white flash every 5 s. 23 m (75 ft) hexagonal pyramidal cast iron skeletal tower with lantern, gallery, enclosed 2-story watch room, and central cylinder. Entire lighthouse painted white. This is a staffed station, and the keepers must wind the rotating mechanism every 3 hours. A photo is at right, Faruk Alışkan's report of a December 2010 visit has several photos, there's a distant view, the Coastal Safety Directorate has the history of the station, and Google has a good satellite view. The lighthouse was prefabricated in France. Bafra Burnu is the cape formed by the delta of the Kızılırmak (Irmak or Halys River). Turkey's longest river, the Kızılırmak drains a large part of central Anatolia. Located about 1 km (0.6 mi) southwest of the river's mouth near Sahilkent, about 20 km (13 mi) north of Bafra. Site apparently open, tower closed. TR-10270; Admiralty E5806; NGA 19496.
İncir Burnu
2008. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); three white flashes every 12 s. 12 m (39 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. Bing has a cloudy satellite view. Located on the beach about 50 km (30 mi) northwest of Samsun. Site status unknown. TR-10260; Admiralty E5805; NGA 19492.
* Samsun (2)
2008 (station established 1863). Active (?); focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 1-story building. The lighthouse appears to be unpainted white concrete; the lantern roof is red. Muammer Ay has a closeup photo apparently taken in June 2008, a closeup is available, and Google has a satellite view. The lighthouse is part of an extensive beach redevelopment project being undertaken by the city of Samsun; there is a photo of the lighthouse under construction (a little less than halfway down the page). The lighthouse resembles the original lighthouse as seen in a postcard view posted by Klaus Huelse. That lighthouse disappeared sometime in the 1930s or 1940s. Located near the base of the Samsun North Mole. Site open, tower status unknown.
Samsun North Mole
1959. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 2 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Ahmet Rasim has an aerial view showing both lighthouses, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north mole of Samsun harbor. Site status unknown. TR-10230; Admiralty E5802; NGA 19480.
Samsun East Mole
1959. Active; focal plane 13.5 m (45 ft); red flash every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) round concrete tower. Lighthouse painted red with a narrow white horizontal band. A 2010 photo of the repainted lighthouse is available, and Google has a satellite view. The light was formerly all white, as seen in a view from the north mole and Ahmet Rasim's aerial view showing both lighthouses. Located at the end of the east mole of Samsun harbor. Site status unknown. TR-10240; Admiralty E5803; NGA 19476.
Bafra Burnu Feneri
Bafra Burnu Light, Sahilkent
Coastal Safety Directorate photo
Çalti Burnu
1961. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. 1-story keeper's house painted white with a red tile roof. Bash has a Coastal Safety Directorate photo (2/3 the way down the page), and Google has a satellite view. Located on a cape about 7 km (4.5 mi) northeast of Terme. Site status unknown. TR-10200; Admiralty E5799; NGA 19464.
Çiva Burnu (2)
Date unknown (station established 1880). Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 18 m (59 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Bash has a Coastal Safety Directorate photo (2/3 the way down the page), and Google has a satellite view. The original light was a skeletal lighthouse, presumably similar to the surviving Bafra Burnu lighthouse (see below). Çiva Burnu (Cape Civa or Cape Mercury) is the wedge-shaped delta of the Yeşilırmak (Iris) River. Presently the river flows into the sea at the point of the cape. The lighthouse is 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southeast of the river mouth and about 30 km (19 mi) northeast of the city of Samsun. Site status unknown. ARLHS TUR-002; TR-10210; Admiralty E5800; NGA 19468.

Ordu Province Lighthouses
* Ünye (2)
Date unknown (station established 1911).Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7.5 m (25 ft) round concrete tower with a flared top, centered on a square 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. Yasin Aydın has a good photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory sheletering the harbor of Ünye. Site apparently open, tower closed. TR-10190; Admiralty E5798; NGA 19460.
Yalıköy South Breakwater (?)
2001. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. The light is at the left in a distant view by Hank van Es, and Google has a satellite view. The Admiralty and NGA now list a skeletal tower. Located at the end of the breakwater at Yalıköy, a small port about 12 km (7.5 mi) east of Fatsa. TR-10163.5; Admiralty E5795.35; NGA 19453.1.
Yalıköy North Breakwater (?)
2001. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); continuous red light. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. The light is at the right in a distant view by Hank van Es, and Google has a satellite view. The Admiralty and NGA now list a skeletal tower. Located at the end of the breakwater at Yalıköy, a small port about 12 km (7.5 mi) east of Fatsa. TR-10163; Admiralty E5795.3; NGA 19453.
* [Yasun Burnu (2)]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 7 m (23 ft) round hourglass-shaped white tower. A closeup photo is available, Uğur Tunç has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists a skeletal tower here. Located at the tip of a very sharp promontory about 8 km (5 mi) west of Çam Burnu. Site open, tower closed. TR-10160; Admiralty E5795; NGA 19452.
* Çam Burnu (Vona-Ordu)
1880. Active; focal plane 39 m (128 ft); white flash every 10 s. 6 m (20 ft) round cylindrical masonry tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. A photo is at right, another closeup photo is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Çam Burnu (Pine Point) is a common geographical name in Turkey. Located on a prominent cape 5 km (3 mi) north of Perşembe and 25 km (15 mi) northwest of Ordu. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS TUR-067; TR-10150; Admiralty E5794; NGA 19448.
* Ordu (Piramet, Bozukkale)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted white. Hasan Marangoz has a view from the sea, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north (outer) breakwater at Kumbaşı, about 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Ordu. Probably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. TR-10140; Admiralty E5793; NGA 19444.
Cam Burnu
Çam Burnu Light, Perşembe
Coastal Safety Directorate photo
* Piraziz Burnu (2)
Date unknown (station established 1975). Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white flash every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped metal tower, painted white. Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the location. Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a bluff above the harbor of Piraziz, just west of the border between Ordu and Giresun Provinces. Site open, tower closed. TR-10104; Admiralty E5789.4; NGA 19440.

Giresun Province Lighthouses
Giresun
Date unknown (station established 1863). Active; focal plane 111 m (364 ft); white flash every 15 s. 12 m (39 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery; there is an enclosed section in the center of the tower. Lighthouse painted white. Bash has a Coastal Safety Directorate photo (3/4 the way down the page), and an indistinct Google satellite view probably shows this location. Located on a steep hilside overlooking the base of the breakwater of Giresun. Site status unknown. TR-10110; Admiralty E5790; NGA 19428.
* [Eynesil]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white flash every 10 s. 7 m (23 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. A photo shows the lighthouse built within the walls of the historic Eynesil fortress, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a prominent cape about 3 km (2 mi) northeast of the town of Eynesil. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS TUR-069; TR-10085; Admiralty E5787.5; NGA 19412.

Trabzon Province Lighthouses
* Yoroz (Işıklı, Fener) Burnu
1886. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); white flash every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical stone tower, rising from the front of a 1-story keeper's house. Lighthouse painted white; the house has a red tile roof. A 2008 photo, another photo, and a closeup are available, Ted Sarah also has a small photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on Yoroz Burnu (Cape Yoroz), a very prominent headland about 13 km (8 mi) northeast of Vakfikevir and about 35 km (22 mi) west of the city of Trabzon. Site status unknown. ARLHS TUR-010; TR-10070; Admiralty E5786; NGA 19408.
[Trabzon (Güzelhisar Burnu) (2)]
Date unknown (station established 1863). Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. 6 m (20 ft) square skeletal tower with a small lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern dome painted red. A view from the sea is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. The original lighthouse was a short masonry tower attached to a keeper's house, very similar to the surviving Sinop lighthouse (see photo below). The light stands in front of the historic citadel (güzelhisar) of Trabzond. Located on a promontory a short distance west of Trabzond harbor. Site status unknown. TR-10050; Admiralty E5784; NGA 19388.
Araklı Burnu
1969. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery; a section in the center of the tower is enclosed. The lighthouse is unpainted gray metallic. A photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a prominent cape about 3 km (2 mi) northwest of Araklı. This is just off the coastal highway, but the site status is unknown. Admiralty E5783; NGA 19384.
Araklı North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); green flash every 5 s. 9 m (30 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery and an enclosed lower section. Lighthouse painted white. A distant photo is available showing the tower flying the national flag, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north (outer) breakwater at Araklı. This pier may not be walkable. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty E5782.9; NGA 19385.
* Araklı South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); red flash every 5 s. 9 m (30 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery and an enclosed lower section. Lighthouse painted white. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south (inner) breakwater at Araklı. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. TR-10042; Admiralty E5782.95; NGA 19385.5.
Arakli Burnu
Araklı Burnu Light, Araklı
Coastal Safety Directorate photo

Rize Province Lighthouses
* Rize (Piryos Burnu) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1884). Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 5 s. 18 m (59 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery; there is a square 1-story concrete equipment room sheltered by the base of the tower. The tower has not been found in Google's satellite view. Located on a bluff overlooking the harbor of Rize. Site status unknown, but since the tower is close to the coastal road it should be easy to spot. TR-10034; Admiralty E5782; NGA 19368.
* Pazar (Kirazlık Fish Harbor) North Breakwater
2000. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower with gallery. A photo is available, but Google has only a fuzzy satellite view that does not show the tower. Located at the end of the north (outer) breakwater at Pazar. Probably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. TR-10023; Admiralty E5780.7; NGA 19365.
* Pazar (Kirazlık Fish Harbor) South Breakwater
2000. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower with gallery. A photo is available, but Google has only a fuzzy satellite view. Located at the end of the south (inner) breakwater at Pazar. Probably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. TR-10024; Admiralty E5780.8; NGA 19365.5.

Artvin Province Lighthouses
* Hopa (Çamh Burnu) (2)
1980 (station established 1935). Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery and four ribs; no lantern. Two 1-story keeper's houses. Entire light station is white concrete. An older photo is at right. More recently a café has been built next to the lighthouse, as seen a 2009 photo. Bing has a satellite view. Located beside the coastal highway, on a headland about 4 km (2.5 mi) northeast of Arhavi and 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest of the town of Hopa. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS TUR-016; TR-10010; Admiralty E5780; NGA 19352.
Hopa Outer Breakwater
1973. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 3 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round concrete tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. A 2008 photo and a view from the sea are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the outer (west) breakwater of Hopa, Turkey's easternmost Black Sea port. Site status unknown. TR-10014; Admiralty E5780.5; NGA 19357.
Hopa Inner Breakwater
1973. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 3 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round concrete tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Mustafa Özcan has a closeup, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the inner (east) breakwater of Hopa, Turkey's easternmost Black Sea port. Site status unknown. TR-10016; Admiralty E5780.6; NGA 19360.
[Sarp (Hopa-Sarp, Georgian Boundary) Range Front]
1980. Active; focal plane 33.5 m (110 ft); white light occulting once every 4 s. 20 m (66 ft) steel post light. The seaward side of the pylon carries a 6 m (20 ft) wide slatted daymark, painted white with a red vertical stripe on the range line. These range lights were built following an agreement between Turkey and the Soviet Union establishing the boundary between the two countries' 12-mile territorial waters; the range line lies along this sea boundary. The rear light is just on the Georgian side of the border and is listed under Georgia. Sarp is a town on the border. Located just south of the Georgian border near the waterfront. Site status unknown. ARLHS TUR-071; TR-10000; Admiralty E5779; NGA 19344.
Hopa Feneri
Hopa Light, Hopa
Coastal Safety Directorate photo

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: East: Georgia | South: Northwestern Anatolia | West: European Turkey

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Posted April 16, 2007. Checked and revised January 17, 2014. Lighthouses 46. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.