Science and Medical Journalism
School of Journalism and Mass Communication
JOMC 560.1 (cross listed as HBEH 660 & HPM 550), Fall 2014
MW 10:00 a.m. - 11:15 a.m., Carroll Hall 340
Tom Linden, M.D.
328 Carroll Hall
|Wednesday, 2:00 - 3:00 p.m. or whenever office door is open|
|linden at unc dot edu|
Course Description & Goals
The purpose of this course is to teach an appreciation of science and medical journalism and provide you with skills to report on science, medical, and health news for a variety of media, principally print or text, but also video and audio.
As a participant in this course, you'll learn the following:
How to find news value in scientific research reports.
How to integrate scientific and medical statistics from source materials into news reports.
How to research and write science, medical and health news stories for popular media.
Readings for the course include a text about medical
statistics, a classic book on writing well, a compendium of
great writing about health and medicine from the New York
Times, an anthology of the best science and nature writing
published in 2013, a primer about science writing from masters
in the field, a best-selling, nonfiction book about infections
jumping from animals to humans, and a memoir from a physician
writer. Please complete the reading assignments before
the appropriate classroom discussions. In addition to the list
below, I'll supply additional source materials and articles from
various publications. The following books are all available at
the UNC student store and copies of all the books (except A
Field Guide for Science Writers) will be on reserve in the
Park Library (second floor) in the School of Journalism &
Mass Communication. Please note that the books on reserve in the
Park Library may be earlier editions that can be substituted for
current editions. Students should also consult the AP Stylebook for
proper style and usage for all written assignments.
1) Blum, Deborah, Mary Knudson & Robin Marantz Henig, editors. A Field Guide for Science Writers (Second Edition), Oxford University Press (paperback), 2005, $19.95, ISBN: 0-19-5174992.
2) Cohn, Victor and Lewis Cope with Deborah Cohn Runkle. News & Numbers: A Writer's Guide to Statistics, Wiley-Blackwell (paperback), Third Edition, © 2012, 181 pp., ISBN: 978-1-4051-6096-4.3) Linden, Tom & the Writers of The New York Times. The New York Times Reader: Health & Medicine, © 2011, $24.95, 292 pp., ISBN: 978-1604264821.
7) Zinsser, William. On Writing Well: The Classic Guide to Writing Nonfiction (30th Anniversary Edition), Collins, © 2006, 336 pp., ISBN: 978-0-06-089154-1.
Also, starting with the class for Wednesday, September 10, students should begin reading the print version of the Tuesday Science Times section of the New York Times. On the assigned dates, please bring the Science Times section to class. Consult the course schedule below for the exact dates for which the section should be read. Please note that the online version of the New York Times is not an acceptable substitute since the online and print versions do not necessarily have the same content. The New York Times is available in the UNC Student Store and is also available at a reduced rate by subscription. To subscribe, you can call 1-800-NYTIMES and ask for college subscriptions. Receiving the print edition by subscription also gives you unlimited online access.
A working medical journalist typically talks and discusses
relevant issues with colleagues and others before preparing his
or her report. This class will be no different. I'll
expect you to share your thoughts with your peers and with me.
Classroom discussion will help clarify your ideas and sharpen
your focus. You'll also be posting all written assignments on Sakai where your classmates
will critique your work.
Each undergraduate student will be responsible for one 15- to 20-minute presentation on assigned reading. Graduate students will be responsible for two presentations. I'll assign the presentations at the beginning of the second class meeting. As critical thinking and discussion with peers are integral to the work of journalists, I'll count your presentation(s) as 15% of your final grade, with an additional 10% of your final grade based on your classroom participation throughout the semester. I'll base your grades on the quality (not necessarily the quantity) of your discussion. I'll judge quality of your classroom discussion based principally on the following two criteria:
1) Whether it's clear that you've read and thought about the readings.
2) Your ability to integrate ideas gleaned both from readings and from contributions of your classmates.
After one unexcused absence, each absence will result in a drop of one letter grade. This is a graduate-level seminar, and your presence and contribution are essential. You cannot pass the course with more than two unexcused absences.
To succeed in science and medical journalism, you must write well. Good writing requires an understanding of the material and the ability to communicate ideas simply and clearly.
To sharpen your writing skills, you'll write a series of stories in various journalistic genres. The writing assignments will count for 75% of your final grade.
All assignments must be posted on the Sakai discussion site at least two days before they are due in class. Late assignments will not be accepted without prior permission. Even with prior permission, submission of late assignments will result in a 10-point deduction per day. Not turning in an assignment within two days of the due date will result in a zero grade. Misspelling of proper names will result in a 10-point deduction per misspelling. Misspelling of other words will result in a two-point deduction for each word misspelled. We'll follow the print style guidelines of the AP Stylebook. If you intend to pursue journalism as a career, I strongly encourage you to purchase a copy of the stylebook. As per the usual practice in the School of Journalism & Mass Communication, a major factual error will result in a failing grade for that particular assignment. Fabricating sources or quotations or engaging in plagiarism will constitute a violation of the Honor Code (for more information about the UNC Honor Code, go to http://instrument.unc.edu).
There will be no midterm or final exam.
Grading Scale (for undergraduates)
98 - 100 A+
94 - 97 A
91 - 93 A-
88 - 90 B+
84 - 87 B
81 - 83 B-
78 - 80 C+
74 - 77 C
71 - 73 C-
68 - 70 D+
64 - 67 D
61 - 63 D-
60 and below F
Grading Scale (for graduate students)
93 - 100 Honors
74 - 92 Pass
61 - 73 Low Pass
60 and below F
How To Succeed in This Course
Attend classes consistently.
Complete readings before the appropriate classroom discussions.
Participate actively in class discussions.
Ask the Professor questions either during class or during office hours if you're unclear about any aspect of the course.
Turn in stories on time, both on Sakai and in class.
Check online syllabus frequently
throughout the semester (preferably before each class) as
assignments and topics may change without e-mail notice.
AUG. 20: INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE AND MEDICAL JOURNALISM
* Turn in Student Data Sheet that was emailed to you.
Linden, Thomas, "Learning To Be a Medical Journalist," Nieman Reports, Vol. 57, No. 2, Summer 2003, pp.66-67.
Linden, Tom, "The
New York Times Reader: Health & Medicine," foreword,
preface and introduction.
WEEK 2:Aug. 25: A GUIDE TO WRITING NONFICTION -- Guest speaker at 10:30 a.m.: Stephanie Brown, Director, Park Library (Alasdair)
* Learn the basics of writing nonfiction.
Zinsser, William, On Writing Well, Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.
Browse online resources
from the JOMC Park Library.
Aug. 27: A GUIDE TO WRITING NONFICTION (cont.) & ETHICS OF
SCIENCE AND MEDICAL JOURNALISM (Gayatri)
"Aiding Those in Distress," Association of Health Care Journalists, http://www.healthjournalism.org/secondarypage-details.php?id=898.
Mar, Andrew M. & Alison Page Howard, "Freedom of the Press: HIPAA & Newsgathering," http://www.firstamendmentcenter.org//press/topic.aspx?topic=hipaa_news&SearchString=hipaa.
Reporters Committee for Freedom of
the Press, "A Reporter's Guide to Medical Privacy Law," http://www.rcfp.org/reporters-guide-medical-privacy-law.
Scanlan, Chip, "The
First Peril: Fabrication," Poynteronline, (Adapted from Reporting
and Writing: Basics for the 21st Century, Oxford
University Press, 2000). Updated March 2, 2011.
SPJ Code of Ethics: http://www.spj.org/ethicscode.asp?
Statement of Principles of the Association of Health Care Journalists: http://healthjournalism.org/secondarypage-details.php?id=56
Zietman, Anthony L., "Falsification,
Fabrication, and Plagiarism: The Unholy Trinity of Scientific
Writing," International Journal of Radiation Oncology,
Vol. 87, No. 2, 1 October 2013, pp. 225-227.
Zinsser, William, On Writing
Well, Chapters 8, 9, 10, 11, 12.
SEPT. 1: No class (Labor Day)
SEPT. 3: INTERPRETATION OF MEDICAL STATISTICS -- Skype
interview with Dr. Ivan Oransky, vice president and global
editorial director, MedPage
Today, 10 - 10:30 a.m.
Cohn & Cope, News & Numbers: A Writer's Guide to Statistics, Part I, Learning the Basics, pp. 1-68.
Leaf, Clifton, "Do Clinical Trials Work?" New York Times, July 13, 2013.
Oransky, Ivan, "How
to avoid 'he said-she said' science journalism," Not
Exactly Rocket Science guest blog, February 18, 2010.
Oransky, Ivan, four posts from Hyung-In Moon archives, Retraction
Browse the web sites of the World Health Organization's International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) and the National Institutes of Health's clinicaltrials.gov.
Assignment #1: News story due Wednesday, Sept. 17.
Please upload your draft of your news story to Sakai ->
Forums -> Assignment #1 by Monday, Sept. 15, at 6 p.m.
SEPT. 8: INTERPRETATION OF MEDICAL STATISTICS (cont.)
Cohn & Cope, News & Numbers: A Writer's Guide to Statistics, Part II, pp. 70-169.
Kolata, Gina, online at "Forty Years' War -- Advances Elusive in the Drive to Cure Cancer," also in New York Times Reader, pp. 156-162.
de Lorgeril, Michel et al., "Cholesterol Lowering,
Cardiovascular Diseases and the Rosuvastatin-JUPITER
Controversy," Arch Intern Med. 2010;170(12):1032-1036 (June 28,
Meier, Barry, "A
Clash Over a Spine Treatment," New York Times, September
Ridker, Paul et al., "Rosuvastatin to Prevent Vascular Events
in Men and Women with Elevated C-Reactive Protein," N Engl J Med
2008;359:2195-2207 (Nov. 20, 2008).
SEPT. 10: NEWS STORIES
Blum et al.,
editors. A Field Guide for Science Writers, Chapters
1, 2, 4, 5, 6.
Linden, New York Times Reader, Chapter 1, pp. 7-24.
SEPT. 15: NEWS STORIES (cont.) (Emily)
* In-class newswriting exercise.
New York Times Reader, Chapters 2 & 3.
you must use embargoes, here's how to do it right,"
Epidemiology Biostatistics and Public Health, 2013, Vol. 10,
SEPT. 17: CRITIQUE OF ASSIGNMENT #1
Assignment #1 due today.
Assignment #2: Rewrite of Assignment #1 due Monday,
Sept. 29. Please upload the redraft of your news story to
Sakai -> Forums -> Assignment #2 by Saturday, Sept. 27,
at 6 p.m.
SEPT. 22: NON-FICTION NARRATIVE (Christine)
Quammen, Spillover, pp. 11 - 209.
ABCnews.com debrief on Ebola with Dan Childs, ABC News
Managing Editor for its medical unit.
SEPT. 24: NON-FICTION NARRATIVE -- Skype interview with
author David Quammen
Quammen, Spillover, pp. 261 - 489.
Rewrite of Assignment #1 due Monday,
Sept. 29. Please upload the redraft of your news story to
Sakai -> Forums -> Assignment #2 by Saturday, Sept. 27,
at 6 p.m.
SEPT. 29: CRITIQUE OF ASSIGNMENT #2
Assignment #2 (Rewrite of Assignment #1) due
OCT. 1: COMMENTARY: COLUMNS & ESSAYS (Sasha)
Barish, David, "God,
Darwin and My College Biology Class," New York Times,
Sept. 27, 2014.
Berger, Marilyn, "Lewis
Thomas, Whose Essays Clarified the Mysteries of Biology,
Is Dead at 80," New York Times, Dec. 4, 1993.
Linden, New York Times Reader,
Chapter 12, pp. 247-261 & Chapter 13, pp. 262-268.
Mukherjee (editor), The Best American Science and
Nature Writing, "Super Humanity" by Robert M.
Sapolsky, pp. 255-260.
OCT. 6: INVESTIGATIVE & PERSPECTIVE
Reading:Linden, New York Times Reader, Chapter 4, pp. 51-91 & Chapter 8, pp. 162-182.
OCT. 8: OBITUARIES & HISTORICAL STORIES
"Science Times" section from
Tuesday, Oct. 7, New York Times.
Altman, Larry, "For
3 Nobel Winners, a Molecular Mystery Solved," New York
Times, Oct. 7, 2013.
Butler, Katy,"What Broke My Father's Heart," New York Times, June 18, 2010.
Linden, New York Times Reader, Chapter 5, pp. 92-102 & Chapter 9, pp. 183-197.
OCT. 13: EXPLANATORY STORIES (Jenny)
Blum, Deborah & Mary Knudson, editors. A Field Guide for Science Writers, Ch. 17 (pp. 111-117), Ch. 20 (pp. 132-137).
Best Possible Day," New York Times, Oct. 5, 2014 (as
follow-up to the Katy Butler piece from last week).
New York Times Reader, Chapter 7, pp. 120-155.
OCT. 15: PROFILES - REPORTING FROM THE EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT -
science and medical journalism Program Guest Lecturer: Judith E.
Tintinalli, MD, MS, Professor, Dept. of Emergency Medicine,
UNC-CH. Please meet at 10 a.m. in conference room A on the
second floor of the Starbucks Cafe adjacent to the lobby of
the UNC Cancer Hospital. Please allow 15 minutes to walk from
the UNC Quad to the UNC Cancer Hospital.
Assignment #3: 900-word profile from the UNC Emergency Department due Monday, Oct. 27. Please upload your draft of your news story to Sakai -> Forums -> Assignment #3 by Saturday, Oct. 25, at 6 p.m.
OCT. 20: PROFESSIONAL MEMOIR -- Skype interview with author
Reading:Pascoe, Wolf, "Breathing for Two," ebook available at http://www.amazon.com/Breathing-Two-Wolf-Pascoe-ebook/dp/B00BFWYCGK, Kindle edition, 102 pp., $2.99.
OCT. 22: SCIENCE WRITING FOR MAGAZINES (Scott)
OCT. 27: IN-CLASS CRITIQUE OF ASSIGNMENT #3
Assignment #3 due today.Assignment #4: Rewrite of assignment #3 due Monday, Nov. 3. Please upload your draft of your UNC Emergency Department story to Sakai -> Forums -> Assignment #4 by Saturday, Nov. 1, at 6 p.m.
Please browse the North Carolina
Health News web site.
Hoban, Rose, "How
a bad relationship between NC DHHS and the press can harm
the public," News & Observer, Sept. 14, 2013.
North Carolina Health News, "Budget writers rely on questionable method for Medicaid budgeting," August 18, 2014.
North Carolina Health News, "Complicated
Hospital Accounting Adds to Medicaid Uncertainty," July
North Carolina Health News, "Medicaid Managed Care Outcomes Vary Across Country," July 22, 2104.
NOV. 3: CRITIQUE OF ASSIGNMENT #4 -- guest critiquer: Dr. Judith Tintinalli, professor and chair emeritus, Department of Emergency Medicine, U. of North Carolina School of Medicine
Assignment #4 (rewrite of assignment #3) due today.
NOV. 5: REPORTING FOR THE ELECTRONIC MEDIA
* Discuss "Science Times" section from Tuesday, Nov. 4, New York Times.
Linden, Tom, "Medical Reporting for
the Electronic Media," in Barbara Gastel's Health Writer's
Handbook (Second Edition), chapter in Sakai's
"Science Times" section from Tuesday, Nov. 4, New York Times.Assignment #5: Next story assignment (radio script) due Wednesday, Nov. 19. Attend the Thursday, Nov. 6, Memorial Hall performance of Curlew River, Benjamin Britten's homage to the Japanese Noh play. Special interview session with Curlew River performers to be held on Friday, Nov. 7, at a time and locale TBA.
NOV. 10: REPORTING FOR THE ELECTRONIC MEDIA -- Skype
interview, Dan Childs, Managing Editor, ABC News Medical Unit
Handout on television script writing tips (in Resources folder of Sakai).
Blum, Deborah & Mary Knudson, editors,
A Field Guide for Science Writers, pp. 35-38, 39-44,
NOV. 12: WRITING THE BROADCAST SCRIPT -- guest speaker, Helen
* View "Government
prosecutes alleged scientific fraud on AIDS research,"
story produced by David Fitzpatrick & Drew Griffin, CNN
investigations, Oct. 20, 2014.
NOV. 17: RADIO REPORTTING
Listen to "My Lobotomy," "Mastodons in Manhattan,"and "Why A Teenage Mom Was Jailed in El Salvador After A Stillbirth."
NOV. 19: IN-CLASS CRITIQUE OF ASSIGNMENT #5 (radio script)
Assignment #5 due today.
NOV. 24: SCIENCE WRITING FOR MAGAZINES (cont.)(Shani)
Mukherjee (editor), The Best American Science and Nature
Writing, pp. 261-318.
NOV. 26: No Class (Happy Thanksgiving)
DEC. 1: SCIENCE BLOGGING -- guest speaker: blogger David Kroll,
Browse David Kroll's Terra Sigillata blog.
Browse David Kroll's other blog on Forbes website.
Kroll, David, "An
Ebola Outbreak Contained: What U.S. And Other Nations Can
Learn From Nigeria," Oct. 20, 2014, post from Forbes blog.
Kroll, David, "Well,
how did I get here?" Oct. 24, 2012, post from "Terra
Kroll, David, "Trine
Tsouderos on This Week in Virology: When do you fact-check
article content with sources?" post on Take As Directed,
Sept. 19, 2011, PLoS blogs.
Dec. 3: Class wrap-up and evaluation
The Honor Code
The Honor Code is in effect in this class and all
others at the University. I am committed to treating Honor Code
violations seriously and urge all students to become familiar
with its terms set out at http://instrument.unc.edu.
If you have questions, it's your responsibility to ask me about
the Code’s application. All work for this class must be
submitted with a statement that you have complied with the
requirements of the Honor Code.
Professional Values and Competencies
Among the many skills students will learn in this
course, it's expected they will be able to fulfill the following
values and competencies as enumerated by the Association for
Education in Journalism and Mass Communication:
--syllabus revised Oct. 21, 2014