From ALA Model Policy, March 1982
At the request of a faculty member, a library may photocopy and place on reserve excerpts from copyrighted works in its collection in accordance with guidelines similar to those governing formal classroom distribution for face-to-face teaching discussed above. This University [College] believes that these guidelines apply to the library reserve shelf to the extent it functions as an extension of classroom readings or reflects an individual student's right to photocopy for his personal scholastic use under the doctrine of fair use. In general, librarians may photocopy materials for reserve room use for the convenience of students both in preparing class assignments and in pursuing informal educational activities which higher education requires, such as advanced independent study and research.
If the request calls for only one copy to be placed on reserve, the library may photocopy an entire article, or an entire chapter from a book, or an entire poem.
The negotiated safe-harbor guidelines for classroom uses are in many ways inappropriate for the college and university level. "Brevity" simply cannot mean the same thing in terms of grade-school readings that it does for more advanced research. Because university professors were not specifically represented in the negotiation of the classroom guidelines, ALA published Model Policy Concerning College and University Photocopying for Classroom, Research and Library Reserve Use (the "Model Policy").
In general with respect to classroom uses, the standard guidelines should be followed:
1. The distribution of the same photocopied material does not occur every semester.
2. Only one copy is distributed for each student.
3. The material includes a copyright notice on the first page of the portion of material photocopied.
4. The students are not assessed any fee beyond the actual cost of the photocopying.
Requests for multiple copies on reserve should meet the following guidelines:
1. The amount of material
should be reasonable in relation to the total amount of material assigned
term of a course taking into account the nature of the course, its subject matter and level, 17 U.S.C. §
107(1) and (3).
2. The number of copies should
be reasonable in light of the number of students enrolled, the difficulty
timing of assignments, and the number of other courses which may assign the same material, 17 U.S.C. §
107(1) and (3).
3. The material should contain a notice of copyright, see, 17 U.S.C. § 401.
4. The effect of photocopying
the material should not be detrimental to the market for the work.
the library should own at least one copy of the work.) 17 U.S.C. § 107(4).