WPC= ,6Xxd/1H{yEؾg X!{M(tQ\x n7>}}i{/l>/Fip( !# +oXZwsٮ57y{{V{k%9v=X - `oWPM)P|wp^pqc9l4M>Sd?GյOYau]긱Δt!n~Ew𩔗`4 > c7ƐxI-{쇮I*^ALɧ |3 O,OL^WV@nuPJ *³1BT_ZOf!N9m;0.$-25|RhWCHb^ @T'gJ2ZEa8h%+J9@F:͈ؐy/ڌ}*lbM~)\#3Ak="a83&oMU: % n0 04UNw|_4UH 7<6X9`("Courier 10cpiX#|x<6X9`("Courier 10cpiXx6X@8;X@( U$  (9 Z 6Times New Roman RegularEEPEEDEUUUUUDl#H@* 0Times New Roman BoldHL U!   )XXX *^XX)fromWilliamson,Hillbillyland t Chapter1:What"Mountain"Means,What"Hillbilly"Implies1:hillbillyevokesrangeofresponses0   2:"Myassumptionisthatthehillbillymirrorsus...wewanttobehimandwewanttofleehim." (#(# 17:"oursafemirrorforseeingwhatwecouldnotlookatotherwise"17:"whatwedreadalsofillsuswithexhilaration,andviceversa"  thehillysidesoftheAmericaneconomy,   ` thepartsoutofthemainstream   `  theconflictedurbanmemoryofnecessaryfrontierrudeness  producestheruralfoolwhoupendsourcomplacentassumptionsaboutourselves."0   2:attributes (#(#   rankcountrydisregardforallpropriety  absurdlyanddelightfullyfree  "dangerousfreedom  "  neverseemstosuffer  0 `  "ausefulnegativeobjectlesson,akeepawaysignonthefaredgeofourowndeniablepossibilities." ` (#` (# 0   16:inbook,h=hillbilly=  rough,  rural,  poorbutfruitful,  blatantlyantiurban,andoftendangerous,  butnotnec.essarilyfromAppalachiaoranymtnsmountainsambiguityandthemeaningsofmountains #l! 18:antiorderforancientgreekssymbolizedbyPersians,women,andmtns;"ancientenmityofGreekphilosophyagainstmtnchaos";̀pagangrovesinOTalwayshighplaces;"tohatesinwastohatemountains";"possibilitiesofmountainssimultaneouslythrilledandterrified."17c:mtnsaswens,warts,Nature'sshamesandills,deformities0   this"deeplyingrainedaversionneverdisappearedandisthekeytoourmodernambiguity"aboutmtns h+&*(#(#  TYPES: @-(,   historicalprecursors:   ` Greece   ` Picts   ` coonskincapboys  Hillbillyasfool(AndyGriffith)  Hillbillyassocialbandit(J.James)  Hillbillyasgoodoldboy(ThunderRoad)  Hillbillyasmonster(Deliverance)  Hillbillyasmamasboy(SergeantYork) Chapter2:Comedies:TheHillbillyasFool   8  0   21:" clown "origmeantpeasant,rustic,farmworker;==>someonewholivesoutsidecitywalls,   theidiotofurbanism;" idiot "fromGkwdfor"privateperson",onewholivesoutside   thepale; fool fromL.follis=windbag,bellows (#(# 22:foolsprovokedambiguity;teeterbetweentwotruths0   24:Eur.culturerationalizedfool'spresenceasbitterbutnec.medicine; conceptasfoolas p mirror ;25:power/righttorepresentchaostoking'sface;thus\(#(# 0   26: thehillbillyclown asimpudentmirror;mostofteninoppositiontocapitalism;27: idiotof H capitalism ;warnsustoavoidruraledgesoutsideurbaneconomy4(#(# 36:hb'shatashistoricallink38:femaleversiononsceneinmoviesbeforemale MaandPaKettle  4  AndyGriffith (5761)    Thehillbillyaspriapus    0   62:manyhbmoviesarethinlyveiledassaultsonsexualrespectability (#(# 62:hillbillymilieuas"paradiseofunbridledlust" RaisingArizona    0   65:"withnaivefaithintheAmericandream,thishillbillyfooltriestogoatraightintheAmericanway.";filmmockseverythingandeverybody;"sacrificialfoolwhomustbearthehumiliationsofanabsurdworld";68:"mirrorimageofyuppieanxiety" (#(#  Chapter3:TheCoonskinCapBoys  l 73:clownandfooltradsmeldwithwildmantrad Thelongandwindingwoad  0"  0   74:"Wearesuperiortoyouandwewillbanishyourrotten,stinkingrace." (#(# 0   74:virtuallynaked,bluesmudgedPictswhowallowedinweeds[woad]outsideXncivil (#(# 0   76:somentalimagesofpathfinders,frontiersmen,etc.are"partterrifyingmemory,partflatteringimageofourselvesofthenaturewefear." (#(# 76:LastoftheMohicansfilm [DavyCrockett/DanielBoone]  (#' 0   78:powerDCwieldedasgenuinebkwoodsmanthreatenedcitypeople (#(# 80:inlegislature,"gentlemanfromthecane"[Pictland] 0   82:"mutationofDCtoonedimensionalhero;"usefulsymbolofmalesacrificeforaright T,'+ cause,usefulespeciallytothefolkswhodeterminecauses.":"goodnaturedand @-(, convenientlyfatalisticfootsoldierintheacquisitionofterritory." (#(# 86:Boone"standsstalwartlyfortheprofitmotive"   0   90:"greatmajorityofmoviemadecoonskincapboyswereprojectionsofthenationalmalepurposeanditsintenttotakethiscontinentandholditandmakeitturnaprofit"butthereweresomedoubts: (#(# 90:TheKentuckian(BurtLancaster) V3672  8  0   94:CrocodileDundee:AustralianversionofD.Crockett;"idealinhisabilitytoadapttothe $ t naturalworld" (#(# Chapter4:TheHillbillyasSocialBandit:JesseJames99:J.Jamesismountain,likeD.Crockett102: rubeinhoods;Hobsbawmssocialbandits103:JJwasheroofunderclassinMo.0   104:processof ordination :whatishigh/low/us/them;tofightbackagainstordinationistobe   insubordinate (#(# 107:JJmoviespromotehillbillyrevoltsagainstsystem0   114:bestofthem:TheLongRiders(UnitedArtists,1980) UNCV550 ;onloc.inn.Ga.hills; H mtn.culturefully/wellrepresented;includeswomeninresistance (#(# @4XX *^119:msgisruralrebelsOKonhometurf,butawayfromittheylosetheirstrength  p 0   120:LastDaysofFrankandJessieJames XUNC (1986;JoeCatesProductionsfortv);has  \ KristophersonasJJ,W.Nelson,J.Cash,DavidAllanCoe,JuneCarterCash (#(#  Chapter5:TheGoodOldBoys    0   123:somehbmoviessuppressambiguity;presentromanticizedAmer.frontierprimitive;egthemoonshinerunninggoodoldboysof60s70s (#(# 0   124:ThunderRoad(1958) V2183 asfountainhead;(#(# 0 `  firstfilmsinceTheMoonshiner(1904)tolookatthemoonshiningoutlawfromsquarelyinsidetheculture.; ` (#` (# Ѐherosfam.livesonecon.peripheryine.Ky.;0 `  citycashhasinvadedthegarden;hasfoughthonorablyinKorea,butcomeshometopervasivechange; ` (#` (# hehasdonerightbystate,butstatenotbyhim;0 `  tragiceroisionoflibertyasaresultofotherpeoplesgreed;thelawincollusionwiththemob ` (#` (# 0 `  127:womeninfilmareenemy:entrappersandcivilizers;hiddenagenda: deathandbetrayalarewhatwomencanbringyou ` (#` (# 129: rebelselfwhoknowshemustperishyetactsasifheneverwill130:romanticizingofdoomedmasculinity Chapter6:MorethanDogpatch:TheMountainsasMonstrous  *%)     ` 0   goingbeyondwherethepavementendsisexactlywhatidalAmericanmanhoodhasbeentolditoughttodosinceatleastthetimeofTRspresidency.;D-(,(#(# Ѐhbmonstermoviesterrorize,butalsomobilizegroupidentityagainstit;  0   irresistibleferociousnessofhillbillylandishorrifying,butonesownferociousnessisgloriousandgood (#(# 0   0(#(#  155: greatexhilarationinallofthis,withlitleofthedreadofseeingourselvesasmalemonsterscapableofkillingand/orrapinganimal,vegetable,andmineral. (#(# 157:Deliverance V10  L  162:the Deliverancesyndromeofpeople doingtheriver,etc.163ff:Deliveranceonlocation:reactionsoflocalpeople,transformationoflandscape0   167:AndyGriffithasmasculinemonster; ourdeepnervousnessaboutblurringthehbfoolintothehbmalemonster;AGsactingouttheviolenceinhismarriage (#(#  Chapter7:TheMamasBoys %   (  0   173:thesestarred cuddlyboymen,eternallittleshephardsofkingdomcomebutendwith livingaffirmationofthenecessitytobevery,verydangerous. (#(#   TolableDavid(1921)  StarkLove(1927)  SargeantYork(1941)    t 0   175: malevirtueequalsthewillingnessandabilityto...beviolentforagoodcause.; (#(# 176:boyswhomustfatherthemselvesintomanhood; idealizedversionsoffetchingboyishnesswhocan,ifnecessary,cutofftheirownheads.,0   206:SergeantYork: V1537 hadbeenCOinreallifewhoprovedhehadthegonadstofightlikea $t man;devotedtohisMama;amtn.modernizer,advocateofprogress (#(#  Chapter8:HillbillyGals  < 0   226: democracyofsexualityinBlazeStarr(#(# 0   233:momentarilyforcefulwomenfinallyreconciledtomasculinerule;236:hbgalisalwaysscapegoatandclown; normativereactionarymaledoctrine (#(# 248:CoalMinersDaughter(1980) V1550   256:BlazeStarr(1989) V3204  x 0   258:D.Parton( nothingatUNC) as ourfullestembodimentofthehbgalasculturaldevilh (#(#  TREATMENTOFWOMEN  D"  0   18:antiorderforancientgreekssymbolizedbyPersians,women,andmtns; (#(# 28:ASU'sYosef;femalecharactertwindidn'tlast38:femaleversiononsceneinmoviesbeforemale0   62:manyhbmoviesarethinlyveiledassaultsonsexualrespectability[thiswholesection] (#(# 114:++inJ.Jamesmovie1980127:asentrappersandcolonizersinThunderRoad132:inlaterfilms,goodoldboysnottragic; bouncebackcountryclownsthreatenedbythelaw,themob,andwomen; reveledinaroughdominanceoverwomen150ff:allofChap.6onmtnsasmonstrous0   178:TolableDavid(1921):madesuperstaroutofRichardBarthelmess; bottomlinegender h,'+ politics;T-(,(#(# 0   190ff:HelenMundyinStarkLove:(#(# 0   225:Chapter8onhillbillygals