The best attributes of the Student Health Action Coalition (SHAC) can be found in the genesis of its Mandarin interpreting service. SHAC, the longest running student-led free clinic in the country, allows its student leaders to creatively mobilize the resources needed to make sure the patients they see get the care they deserve.
Such is the story of Mandarin interpreting at SHAC. Need identified, strategy conceived and executed, need met.
It started in 2016 when the clinic’s co-directors noticed an increase in Mandarin-speaking patients. A former clinical co-director, Wen Lin, was fluent in Mandarin. He translated for a few patients during visits to SHAC. These patients told a few friends. And suddenly the number of Mandarin speakers seeking care at SHAC was growing dramatically.
Lin graduated and moved on, but the patients kept coming. Evans Lodge and Caroline Fryar, who served as SHAC’s clinical co-directors in 2017, knew they had to do something.
“We knew there was clearly a need, lots of families that needed Mandarin interpreting services,” said Lodge. “If we don’t strive to meet that need these families will stop coming. But if we want to meet that need, then we have to figure out how to have a reliable set of interpreters here at SHAC all of the time.”
Lodge and Fryar leaned on another pillar of SHAC: its interdisciplinary approach to caring for patients.
“At its best, SHAC represents almost every school on campus working together,” Lodge said. “We saw the establishment of a Mandarin interpreting program as an opportunity to reach out to students who had not been traditionally involved in SHAC.”
SHAC’s leaders contacted Carolina’s Department of Asian Studies and asked if there were any students who would be interested in providing interpreting services at the clinic. The response was swift. Within a week, more than 30 students had expressed their willingness to get involved and desire to learn more.
Jimmy Chin, a senior majoring in Asian studies and economics, was one of the students who answered the call.
“I don’t necessarily have an interest in medicine, but I thought this was a cool idea, an opportunity to serve the community, and a chance to practice my Chinese,” Chin said.
Jessica Blanks, a senior studying biology and Asian studies, said she’s hoping to pursue a masters in public health after graduation and ultimately go to medical school.
“I was really inspired by the mission of SHAC and the commitment to providing care for all people and fighting health care inequality,” Blanks said.
Medical student Kyle Riker leads the Spanish interpreting team at SHAC. Since medical interpreting requires precise language usage, all interpreters are required to pass a competency exam. Blanks and Chin set out to translate the materials into Mandarin and were soon named the leaders of the new group of interpreters.
“It was surprisingly easy because there were so many students who were interested,” Riker said. “As soon as the assessment materials were up and running, we had students taking and passing the exam and then in the clinic helping patients.”
Now, each week at SHAC’s Wednesday medical clinic, Blanks and Chin – along with Jacky Zheng and Alyssa Guo – manage a team of four or five translators. When they are needed, they follow the patient throughout their clinic visit.
For students like Blanks and many of the interpreters, undergraduates with an interest in medicine, it’s an invaluable experience.
“The interpreters are right there in the room doing everything with the patient,” Lodge said. “They’re able to observe all of the interactions, which is a really cool thing if you’re a student interested in a career in health care.”
Of course, it’s an incredible benefit to the patients as well.
“The patients that we see are so thankful,” Blanks said. “When they realize there is someone there who can speak with them in Mandarin, you can see them relax.”
Spanish interpreting services have long been a fixture of care at SHAC with a team of Spanish interpreters made up of both medical students and undergraduates. Riker, now the leader of SHAC’s interpreting services, first began working at SHAC as an undergrad.
“When I first started working the front desk at SHAC it seemed like everyone who came in spoke Spanish, now it’s completely different,” Riker said. “(One Wednesday in late 2017) the entire first round of appointments was made up of Mandarin speakers, and every one of our interpreters was needed.”
SHAC is currently collecting demographic data on its patients, but leaders say they see a few reasons for the shifts.
Many Spanish speaking patients are now seen as part of SHAC’s Bridge to Care program, which provides long-term care for patients with chronic conditions like diabetes and hypertension. As a result, these longtime patients are less likely to come to the acute care medical clinic on Wednesday evenings.
Anecdotally, many of the Mandarin-speaking patients are family members of visiting scholars at Carolina or other surrounding Universities. Word of SHAC’s free services has spread through the community by word of mouth and the patients value SHAC as a place they can take their children for checkups, school physicals and vaccinations.
“I’ve observed that many of the Mandarin-speaking families that come to the clinic seem to know each other, or reference someone who told them about SHAC,” Riker said. “This is a community that’s very engaged and in constant communication.”
As the need continues to grow, Riker credits Blanks, Chin, Zheng, Guo, and their team of interpreters.
“They’ve done so much work on their own to build this team,” Riker said. “They have so much energy, are so excited, and have really allowed us to provide a great service.”
That energy, Lodge said, is a great addition to SHAC, and only furthers the organization’s legacy of working across the University to solve problems and meet the needs of the community it serves.
“If there are people on campus with skills we don’t have represented in our clinic, then we want to bring them in and utilize their expertise,” Lodge said. “In this case, there was an overwhelming and immediate need, and thankfully we were able to bring some great people together to make sure we could meet it.”