Lighthouses of South Korea: Geoje

This page covers lighthouses of the city of Geoje in Gyeongsangnam (South Gyeongsang) province on South Korea's south coast. Geojedo (also called Koje-do or Geoje Island) is a large, irregularly-shaped island, roughly 30 km (19 mi) north to south and 20 km (13 mi) east to west, lying south of Changwon and east of Tongyeong (Chungmu). It is connected to the mainland near Tongyeong by two bridges, and the Busan-Geoje Fixed Link, a bridge-tunnel link that opened in December 2010, connects it to Busan. The city of Geoje includes all of Geojedo as well as several smaller nearby islands.

For most of its history, Korea was an independent kingdom, or at least an autonomous kingdom under Chinese influence. This came to an end in 1910, when Japan annexed all of Korea. At the end of World War II in 1945, the 38° parallel was established as the dividing line between U.S. and Soviet zones of occupation, and in 1948 separate civil administrations were established in the two halves of the country. The Korean War (1950-53) ended in a draw, with the armistice line falling close to the prewar 38° line. The Republic of Korea (ROK), commonly called South Korea, occupies the Korean peninsula south of the armistice line.

Following several recent government reorganizations, navigational aids in the ROK are now regulated by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (MOF). Management of lighthouses in Geoje is the responsibility of the Masan Regional Oceans and Fisheries Administration.

In Korean, the word for a lighthouse is deungdae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. KR numbers, where available, are from the Korean light list. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Aids to Navigation Status
Light list (in Korean) posted by the Masan Maritime Affairs and Port Office.
Online List of Lights - Korea
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
KAAN Major National Lighthouses
KAAN is the Korean Association of Aids to Navigation. Small photos and basic data, all in Korean.


Yangjiam Chwi Light, Geoje, July 2009
Flickr photo copyright quat_ernion; used by permission

West Coast Lighthouses
Geoje (Koje) Man
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 5 s. 14 m (46 ft) round concrete tower, painted white. Kim Cheol Bong has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the southwestern tip of a small island in the center of Geoje Bay, about 12 km (7.5 mi) southeast of Tongyeong. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4330.9; NGA 16904.
Banghwado (Panghwa Do) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1911). Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); white flash every 4 s. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. Kim Cheol Bong has a 2013 photo, and Google has a satellite view. The original light was on a skeletal tower with a focal plane of 26 m (85 ft); Kim's photo shows that this tower was still standing in 2013. Located at the west end of an island in Geoje Bay about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) east of Tongyeong harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4326; NGA 16912.

Northwest Coast (Seongpo Area) Lighthouses
Myeongdungdo (Myongdung Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. The light is at the lower right in Kim Cheol Bong's 2013 photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on an island off the northwestern coast of Geojedo. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4329; NGA 16932.
Noruseom
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); green flash every 5 s. 13 m (43 ft) round concrete tower, painted green. Kim Cheol Bong has a 2013 photo, Kim Soo Yeon has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the north side of a narrow channel leading westward into Seongpo on the northwest side of Geojedo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4329.5; NGA 16881.
* Seongpo (Songp'o) Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); red flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round hourglass-shaped red concrete tower. Kim Cheol Bong has a 2013 closeup photo, Park Sung-sik has a 2017 photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater in Seongpo on the northwest side of Geojedo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4330.1; NGA 16880.5.
* Seongpo (Songp'o) Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); green flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round hourglass-shaped red concrete tower. Kee-Hyuck Kim's photo, at right, shows in the background a new bridge connecting Geojedo to the smaller nearby island of Gajodo. Kee-Hyuck Kim's photo is at right, Kim Cheol Bong has a 2011 photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the east breakwater in Seongpo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4330; NGA 16880.
Dolkkeuchyeo (Gajodo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse painted black with one red horizontal band. Kim Cheol Bong has a 2013 photo, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located off the northeast coast of Gajodo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4330.3; NGA 16879.3.

North Coast Lighthouses
Yechimdo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on an island off the northern entrance to Geoje harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4341.4; NGA 16832.
Seongpo Hang East Breakwater Light
Seongpo Hang East Breakwater Light, February 2011
Panoramio photo copyright Kee-Hyuck Kim; permission requested
Janganseo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); green flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower mounted on a round concrete pier. Entire structure is green. Kim Cheol Bong has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Located near the west end of the bridge connecting Geojedo to Chicheondo, a smaller island to the northwest. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4340.8; NGA 16824.
Hwangdeokdo (Hwangdok To) (3)
2006 (station established 1911). Active; focal plane 90 m (295 ft); white flash every 6 s. 16 m (52 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower, similar to the Tokkiseom lighthouse pictured above. Kim Cheol Bong has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. According to a Korean article (no longer online), the 1911 skeletal tower was to be sent to the lighthouse museum at Homigot Light in Pohang. Located on a cliff on the northwestern corner of Hwangdeokdo, a small island off the northwestern coast of Chicheondo. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4341; NGA 16828.
Sobeombukdo (Sobombukdo, Sobombuk To)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); quick-flashing white light. 14 m (46 ft) round tower, upper half painted black and lower half yellow. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the northwest side of a small round island in the entrance to the harbor of Changmong, near the northern end of Geojedo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4342.7; NGA 16822.
Baegam (Paegam)
2002. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 5 s. 13 m (43 ft) round tower, painted green. Kim Cheol Bong has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a rocky reef off the northern tip of Geojedo, in the northern entrance to the bay of Tongyeong. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4342.4; NGA 16818.

Northeast Coast Lighthouses
Sageungseo (2)
2004. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. Kim Cheol Bong has a photo, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. The original light was damaged or destroyed by Typhoon Maemi in September 2003. Located on a dangerous reef off the northeastern corner of Geojedo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4351; NGA 16780.
Sangyu (2)
2004. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 6 s. 14 m (46 ft) round concrete tower, painted green. Kim Cheol Bong has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. The original light was damaged or destroyed by Typhoon Maemi in September 2003. Located just off the small harbor of Sangyu, at the northeastern corner of Geojedo just north of the Busan-Geoje Fixed Link bridge. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4350.
Gyeokdo (Kyokdo, Kyok To)
2001. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); three quick white flashes every 10 s. 16 m (52 ft) cylindrical concrete tower centered on a round concrete base. Tower painted black with one yellow horizontal band. Kim Cheol Bong has a 2013 photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a rocky reef about 1 km (0.6 mi) off the northeast coast of Geojedo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4351.9; NGA 16829.
* Oepo (Ogapo) Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical red concrete tower. A very distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the east (outer) breakwater at Oepo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4340.75; NGA 16838.
* Oepo (Ogapo) Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); green flash every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal cylindrical white concrete tower. A photo is at right, Kyong Rae Lee has a view across the harbor, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west (inner) breakwater at Oepo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4340.7; NGA 16836.
Oepo Hang West Breakwater Light
Oepo Hang West Breakwater Light, April 2010
Creative Commons photo by Gyeungnam Media Film Commission


Okpo Area Lighthouses
* Okpo Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red flash every 4 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical red concrete tower. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Okpo Hang, a bay sheltered by the Yangjiam Chwi peninsula. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4340.6; NGA 16844.
* Okpo Hang South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 4 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. NGA lists the tower height as 7 m (23 ft), but Google's views show that the two breakwater lights are the same height. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Okpo Hang. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4340.5; NGA 16840.
* Okpojora Hang East Breakwater
2010. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); red flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical red concrete tower. Kim Yoon Ha has a 2016 photo of both lighthouses, Shaun Jones has a 2015 photo of the two lights, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the end of the east breakwater at Okpojora Hang, a small harbor on the north side of Okpo Hang. Presumably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4340.65.
* Okpojora Hang West Breakwater
2007. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); green flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. Worawut Borisut has a photo, Kim Yoon Ha has a 2016 photo of both lighthouses, Shaun Jones has a 2015 photo of the two lights, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater at Okpojora Hang. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4340.66.
* Neungpo (Nungpo) Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical red concrete tower. Kim Cheol Bong has a closeup photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater at Neungpo Hang, a small harbor at the base of the Yangjiam Chwi peninsula. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4340.45: NGA 16847.
* Neungpo (Nungpo) Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. Worawut Borisut has a 2017 closeup photo, Kim Cheol Bong has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the east breakwater at Neungpo Hang. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4340.4; NGA 16846.
*** Yangjiam Chwi (2?)
2008. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); white flash every 6 s. 18 m (59 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. A photo is at the top of this page, two additional photos are available, and Google has a satellite view. The tower is hollow, with an internal stairway and numerous openings with a spectacular view. Located at the end of narrow peninsula projecting from the east coast of Geojedo about 4 km (2.5 mi) north of Jangseungpo. Accessible by road. Site and tower open. Admiralty M4340.3; NGA 16848.
Jangseungpo East Breakwater (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); red flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. Kim Cheol Bong has a photo, a photo of both lighthouses is available, and Google has a satellite view. NGA formerly described a skeletal tower at this location. Located at the end of the east breakwater of Jangseungpo. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4338; NGA 16852.
Jangseungpo West Breakwater (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); green flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. Kim Cheol Bong has a photo, a photo of both lighthouses is available, and Google has a satellite view. NGA formerly described a skeletal tower at this location. Located at the end of the west breakwater of Jangseungpo. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4340; NGA 16856.
Jisepo (Chisepo) Hang Breakwater West End
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 5 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. Frederico Schultz has a distant view, and Google has a distant satellite view and a very distant street view. Located at the west end of a detached breakwater at Jisepo, just south of the Yangjiam Chwi peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4337.4; NGA 16857.5.
Jangseungpo West Breakwater Light
Jangseungpo Hang West Breakwater Light, April 2011
Panoramio Creative Commons photo
by Gyeungnam Media Film Commission
Jisepo (Chisepo) Hang Breakwater East End
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red flash every 5 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical red concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the east end of a detached breakwater at Jisepo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4337.3; NGA 16857.

Southeast Coast Lighthouses
* Seoimal (Soi Mal) (3)
2006 (station established 1944). Active; focal plane 120 m (394 ft); white flash every 20 s. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, gallery railing black. Several keeper's houses and other light station buildings. A closeup photo is at right, a visitor in October 2012 has several photos, Kim Cheol Bong has a 2016 closeup and a distant view, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. This lighthouse marks the narrowest passage of the Korea Strait; from here it is about 60 km (35 mi) southeast to the Japanese island of Tsushima. The first lighthouse, built during World War II, did not survive the hostilities. Located at the end of a sharp-pointed peninsula on the southeast side of Geojedo, about 15 km (9 mi) south of Jangseungpo. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4336; NGA 16860.
* Gujora Hang North Breakwater
2013. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 5 s. 9 m (30 ft) round metal tower, painted red and amusingly decorated with metal bands spiralling around the tower and a face at the top. Kim Cheol Bong has a photo of the two lighthouses, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater pier at Gujora. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4336.21.
* Gujora Hang South Breakwater
2013. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 5 s. 9 m (30 ft) round metal tower, painted white and amusingly decorated with metal bands spiralling around the tower and a face at the top. Kim Cheol Bong has a closeup photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater pier at Gujora. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4336.2.

Seoimal Light, April 2008
Panoramio photo copyright Hallyeo Marine National Park; permission requested
* Oejorado (Oejora Do, Oedo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) red concrete tower rising from a pierhead structure; the lighthouse is shaped like a shoe. The light is perched atop the roof. Kim Cheol Bong's photo is at right, James Lee has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Oedo is a small island about 3 km (2 mi) southwest of the Seoimal lighthouse. The island is the site of a popular formal garden and is readily accessible by ferry. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4335.9.
Dojangpo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) robust concrete post light with gallery, mounted on a round concrete pier. Entire structure is green. Byoungjae Min has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located just offshore on the north side of a ragged peninsula at the southeastern corner of Geojedo, about 8 km (5 mi) southwest of the Seoimal lighthouse. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4335.8.

South Coast (Korea Strait) Lighthouses
Bugyeodo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 23 m (75 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. A photo and a second photo are available, but Google has a only a very fuzzy satellite view of the reef. Located on an isolated rock in the Strait of Korea about 9 km (5.5 mi) south southeast of the Seoimal lighthouse. Accessible only by boat, although there is presumably a distant view from Seoimal and from other locations on the southeast coast of Geojedo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4335; NGA 16862.

Oejorado Light, Geoje, May 2016
Panoramio photo copyright Kim Cheol Bong; used by permission
Hongdo (Gyeongsang Hong Do)
1906. Reactivated(?); focal plane 117 m (384 ft); white flash every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 1-story concrete keeper's house. Entire lighthouse painted white. KAAN's photo appears at right, and Jiiyun Chung has a view from sea. It appears that at some point the active light was moved from the lantern to a square skeletal tower mounted atop the keeper's house, and the 2009 NGA List describes the light as a "framework structure." However, the Fresnel lens remained mounted in the tower. A 2009 photo shows that the skeletal tower has been converted to a communications tower, and presumably the light is back in the lantern. Caution: there is another, much better-known Hongdo lighthouse off the southwestern tip of Korea (see the Heuksan Islands page). The name Hongdo ("red island") is common in Korea. This Hongdo is an isolated island in the Korea Strait about 20 km (13 mi) southeast of the southern tip of Geojedo: it is the southeasternmost land of Korea. The island is only a blur in Google's satellite view. The island is closed to the public as a nature reserve to protect endangered black-tailed gulls. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. KR 410-2170; Admiralty M4334; NGA 16864.
Daebyongdaedo (Taebyongdaedo)
2003. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); green flash every 5 s. 21 m (69 ft) tower, painted green. A view from the sea (second photo on the page) is available, and Google has a satellite view. Daebyongdaedo is a small island about 3 km (2 mi) off the southern tip of Geojedo. Located on the highest point of the islet. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4331.75; NGA 16875.5.
Daegueulbido
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 18 m (59 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, mounted on a round concrete pier. An external stairway spirals around the tower. Lighthouse painted black with one red horizontal band. Kim Cheol Bong has a photo, another photo (second photo on the page) is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a rocky reef about 5 km (3 mi) south of Daebyongdaedo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4332.2.

Hongdo Light, Korea Strait
Korean Association of Aids to Navigation photo
Seongmundo (Sokmun Do) (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. Kim Cheol Bong has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 4 km (2.5 mi) west of Daebyongdaedo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4331.7; NGA 16876.
Mangsangak
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower, perched atop a giant rock. A photo is available, Kim Cheol Bong has a distant view from the sea, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a sharp cape at the southwestern point of Geojedo. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4331.6; NGA 16877.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Changwon | East: Southern Busan | West: Tongyeong

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Posted December 4, 2007. Checked and revised August 26, 2017. Lighthouses: 39. Site copyright 2017 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.