Lighthouses of Korea: Chuja Islands

Jeju (formerly Cheju) is an island province of the Republic of Korea (South Korea) located off the southwestern end of the Korean Peninsula. The province is divided administratively into two cities, Jeju on the north side and Seogwipo on the south side. Chuja is a group of islands located roughly halfway between Jeju and the mainland and roughly 40 km (25 mi) north northwest of Jeju city. The group includes two larger islands, Hachujado (Lower Chuja) on the east and Sangchujado (Upper Chuja) on the west, connected by a bridge, as well as many islets nearby. Some of the ferries between Jeju and the mainland also stop at Chuja. The islands comprise a district (myeon) of Jeju City.

Following several recent government reorganizations, navigational aids in the ROK are now regulated by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (MOF). The lights on this page are maintained by the Jeju Oceans and Fisheries Management Division, a branch of the Busan Regional Oceans and Fisheries Administration.

In Korean, the word for a lighthouse is deungdae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor.

Special thanks to Michel Forand, who located many of the photo links on this page.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Kiso's Lighthouses - Korea
Photos posted by a Japanese lighthouse fan.
World of Lighthouses - South Korea
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Online List of Lights - Korea
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
KAAN Major National Lighthouses
KAAN is the Korean Association of Aids to Navigation. Small photos and basic data, all in Korean.

Sangchujado Light
2006 Sanchujado Light, Chuja, 2013
Naver.com Creative Commons photo by Eun can

Sangchujado Lighthouses
* Chuja Hang Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 4 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo and a distant view are available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the breakwater of Chuja harbor, on the north side of Sangchujado. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4277; NGA 17352.
Chuja Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is green. A view from shore and a distant view are available, there is a view (fifth photo on the page) of both Chuja Hang lighthouses, and Google has a satellite view. This is the station listed by NGA as "Chuja Kundo." Located on a rock in the entrance to Chuja harbor, on the east side of the entrance channel. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4276; NGA 17348.
#Sangchujado (1)
1980. Inactive since 2006 and apparently demolished in that year. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. A photo is at right, and a historic photo is available. Located on heights in the west of the island. Site probably open, tower closed.
** Sangchujado (2)
2006. Active; focal plane 145 m (476 ft); white flash every 20 s. Fog horn (blast every 40 s). 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower with lantern and gallery rising from a 2-story building. A photo is at the top of this page, Steve Oberhauser has a photo (halfway down the page), a portfolio of photos (second half of the page), a photo of the light tower, and a distant view of the lighthouse atop the island are available, and Google has a satellite view of the station. The station includes a small lighthouse museum. There's a photo of the view eastward from the light station toward Hachujado. Located on heights in the southeast of Sangchujado. Site and museum open, and visitors can enjoy the view from the roof of the building; tower closed. Admiralty M4277.5; NGA 17356.
Goryeoyeo
2008. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 17 m (56 ft) round cylindrical concete tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 800 m (1/2 mi) southwest of the southern entrance to the strait separating Hachujado and Sangchujado. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4277.6.
Chuja Kundo Light
1980 Sangchujado Light, Chuja, 2005 (later demolished)
Korean Sea Tourist Information Portal photo (no longer online)

Hachujado Lighthouses
* Yecho Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. A photo and a second photo are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the breakwater at Yecho village, on the north coast of Hachujado. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4275.2.
Kamegyeo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); quick-flashing white light. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower, upper half painted black and lower half yellow. Yoon Byoung-cheon has a photo and a distant view, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the north point of a reef about 800 m (1/2 mi) off the north coast of Chuja. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4275; NGA 17360.
* Sinyang Breakwater (?)
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower, painted red. Yoon Byoung-cheon's view from the sea is at right, another photo is available, and Bing has a distant satellite view. However, Google's satellite view shows that the tower was removed in connection with some sort of work in progress on the breakwater. The Admiralty reported the light as "temporarily extinguished" in the fall of 2012. Located on the east breakwater of Sinyang, at the east end of Hachujado. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4274.8; NGA 17366.
* Sinyang South Breakwater (?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (43 ft); green flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower, painted white. A photo (third photo on the page) is available, but Google's satellite view shows that the light has been removed as part of construction at the end of the pier. Located on the south breakwater of Sinyang. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4274.85; NGA 17366.5.

Northern Islets Lighthouses
Hoenggando (Hoenggan Do) (2)
2006 (station establishement date unknown). Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); white flash every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower mounted on a large 2-stage square concrete base. Entire lighthouse is white. Kim Bong-sun has a photo, a closeup is available (second photo on the page), and Google has a distant satellite view. NGA misspells the name Heonggando. A photo of the former light is also available. Located on a rocky reef about 7 km (4 mi) northeast of Chuja Hang. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4277.8; NGA 17344.
Sinyang Breakwater Light
Sinyang Breakwater Light, Chuja, June 2012
Panoramio photo copyright Yoon Byoung-cheon; permission requested
Mangdo (Mang Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 75 m (246 ft); two white flashes every 9 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on an islet at the northeastern corner of the Chuja group, about 10 km (6 mi) northeast of Sangchujado. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4277.9; NGA 17364.

Eastern Islets Lighthouses
Sasudo (Changsudo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 84 m (276 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted white. A very distant view (first photo below the banner photo) is available, and Bing has a distant satellite view. Sasudo (Changsudo) is an isolated islet about 30 km (19 mi) due east of Chuja-do. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4283.8; NGA 17398.
Bangseo (Bang Seo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a small island about 10 km (6 mi) southeast of Chuja. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4274.7; NGA 17368.

Southern Islets Lighthouses
Jungnoe
2013. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 39 m (128 ft) (?) round tower, painted black with a red horizontal band. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Bing's satellite view of the location. Located on a reef about 15 km (9 mi) south of Sangchujado. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4274.67.
Hwado (Hwa Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 92 m (302 ft); white flash every 5 s. 7 m (23 ft) square white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located atop a huge monolith about halfway between Chuja and Jeju. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4274.65; NGA 17372.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining page: North: Jindo | Northeast: Wando | South: Jeju City

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Posted December 10, 2007. Checked and revised October 14, 2017. Lighthouses: 15. Site copyright 2017 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.