The Marshall Islands are located in the central Pacific Ocean near the Equator and the International Date Line. The country includes 29 atolls and five isolated islands arranged in two roughly parallel groups, the Ratak (sunrise) and Ralik (sunset) chains. The capital is at Majuro, an atoll in the central part of the Ratak chain. The population is roughly 60,000, nearly half living at Majuro.
The islands were controlled by Spain until the Spanish-American War of 1898. During that war Spain transferred the islands to Germany. Japan seized the islands from Germany in 1915, during World War I, and moved quickly to make several of them naval bases. The U.S. took the islands from Japan in very hard fighting during World War II.
After the war, the U.S. administered the islands as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. The country became self governing in 1979 and independent in 1986. The new country signed a compact of free association with the United States; this agreement provides for U.S. economic subsidies and continues various U. S. domestic services to the Federation's citizens.
Navigational aids in the Marshall Islands are maintained by RMIPA (Republic of the Marshall Islands Port Authority).
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 111.
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining pages: East: Kiribati | West: Micronesia
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Posted August 24, 2016. Checked and revised September 21, 2017. Lighthouses: 1. Site copyright 2017 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.